2016年5月5日 星期四

take a bow, Invictus, bow to, unbowed, Invictus Games, strait the gate, strait-laced, playbill, roscian

Take a bow! According to Playbill‪#‎NYU‬ is the school with the most alumni currently performing on Broadway. (Not that we're surprised!)‪#‎VioletPride‬

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早前美國總統奧巴馬及第一夫人蜜雪兒向英國哈利王子下戰書,美國選手將會在“不屈不撓”運動會(Invictus Games)全力以赴。

What does 'invictus' mean?
Invictus is the Latin word for "unconquered." It is also the title of a nineteenth-century poem written by William Ernst Henley. Henley wrote the poem as he lay in a hospital bed, recovering from the amputation of his leg after a long battle with tuberculosis of the bone. During Nelson Mandela's 27-year captivity as a political prisoner, he kept a copy of the inspirational poem on the wall of his cell. Mandela was released from prison on this date in 1990. Director Clint Eastwood's acclaimed film Invictus tells the story of how Mandela, South Africa's first black president, joined forces with the captain of the national rugby team, François Pienaar, to get South Africa's Springboks to the Rugby World Cup finals. They saw it as a way to begin the healing of a nation that had been torn apart by apartheid.


Out of the night that covers me,
Black as the pit from pole to pole,
I thank whatever gods may be
For my unconquerable soul.

In the fell clutch of circumstance
I have not winced nor cried aloud.
Under the bludgeonings of chance
My head is bloody, but unbowed.

Beyond this place of wrath and tears
Looms but the Horror of the shade,
And yet the menace of the years
Finds and shall find me unafraid.

It matters not how strait the gate,
How charged with punishments the scroll,
I am the master of my fate:
I am the captain of my soul.

"It matters not how strait the gate, How charged with punishments the scroll/ I am the master of my fate: I am the captain of my soul."William Ernst Henley, the final stanza of his poem, "Invictus"

roscian (ROSH-ee-uhn)

Of or related to acting.

After Quintus Roscius Gallus (c.126-62 BCE), a Roman actor famous for his talent in acting

Roscius was born in slavery but his success on stage won him freedom from the dictator Sulla. He was considered the greatest comic actor and Cicero took elocution lessons from him. Cicero later returned the favor by defending him in a lawsuit and the defense speech survives to this day. In his honor, accomplished actors are sometimes called Roscius.

"I put my hands in my pockets. A folded piece of paper in one of them attracting my attention, I opened it and found it to be the playbill I had received from Joe, relative to the celebrated provincial amateur of Roscian renown." — Charles Dickens; Great Expectations; 1861.

A poster announcing a theatrical performance.
n. - 演劇のビラ, プログラム program

bow2 (bou) pronunciation

v., bowed, bow·ing, bows. v.intr.
  1. To bend or curve downward; stoop.
  2. To incline the body or head or bend the knee in greeting, consent, courtesy, acknowledgment, submission, or veneration.
  3. To yield in defeat or out of courtesy; submit. See synonyms at yield.
bow and scrape
behave in an obsequious way to someone in authority.

make one's bow

make one’s first formal appearance in a particular role:he made his bow as a science fiction writer

take a bow

(of a performer) acknowledge applause after a performance by bowing: figurative the aides do the grind work while the boss takes the bows

Phrasal Verbs

bow out
withdraw or retire from an activity, role, or commitment:many artists are forced to bow out of the profession at a relatively early age
(ŭn-boud') pronunciation
  1. Not bowed; unbent.
  2. Not subdued; unyielding: "My head is bloody but unbowed" (W.E. Henley).
"Strait" in the first line of the stanza means "narrow," and the image of a gate implies captivity or impasse, but yet these two words also imply the possibility of passing; the entrance to Heaven is often described as a narrow gate. The scroll of punishments is likely a reference to the divine penalties or trials assigned to the poet by God. It could also be taken as a play on 'straight the gait' in reference to his health problems, which had cost him one of his legs.

Read more: http://www.answers.com/topic/invictus-1#ixzz1kOL5Mafm 整首詩的解釋

[名]1 ((しばしば〜sで単数扱い))海峡, 瀬戸 the Straits of Doverドーバー海峡.▼the Straitsといえば, もとGibraltar海峡をさしたが, 現在はMa...
[形]1 非常に厳格な, しかつめらしい.2 ((古))〈コルセットなどが〉きつくひもで締めた.
(他)((形式))1 ((通例受身))…を(特に財政的に)困らせる in straitened circumstances(通例そうでない人が)窮乏して be straitened for [i...
1 (乱暴な囚人などに着せる)拘束服.2 成長[発展]を妨げるもの.



Excessively rigid in matters of conduct; narrow or over-precise in one's behaviour or moral judgement.


'Strait', which is often confused with its homonym 'straight', is a word that is rarely used alone but has stayed with us in expressions like 'strait and narrow', 'dire straits', 'strait-jacket' and 'straitened circumstances'. The meaning of those phrases becomes clear when we know that 'strait' means, not 'free from curvature', but 'tight'.