2017年5月23日 星期二

presage, portend, query, Big Brother, trilaterization, IT-backed authoritarianism,

Trilaterization
三邊測量法
Industry experts say that intelligence and law enforcement agencies also use a new technology, known as trilaterization, that allows tracking of an individual’s location, moment to moment. The data, obtained from cellphone towers, can track the altitude of a person, down to the specific floor in a building. There is even software that exploits the cellphone data seeking to predict a person’s most likely route. “It is extreme Big Brother,” said Alex Fielding, an expert in networking and data centers.
業內專家說,情報部門和執法機構還在使用 一種被稱為三邊測量法(trilaterization)的新技術,它能夠從一個時刻到下一個時刻地跟蹤人的位置。從手機蜂窩塔得到的數據能夠跟蹤一個人 所在的海拔高度,精度足以確定該人在某棟建築的某一層。甚至還有軟件能夠通過分析手機數據,尋求預測一個人最可能採取的路線。網絡和數據中心專家亞歷克 斯·菲爾丁(Alex Fielding)說,「這是極端的『老大哥』(英國反烏托邦小說《1984》中監控全體國民的獨裁者——譯註)」。


Query on Google's Strategy
Maybe Google's next big purchase will be in Hollywood. It is not such a crazy idea in light of the Motorola Mobility deal.



Dozens of investigators led by the Federal Bureau of Investigation were working Saturday to understand exactly how a passenger managed to get PETN and a syringe of chemicals aboard the flight. Intelligence agencies were studying intercepted communications to see whether clues were missed and to assess whether the incident could presage more attacks.


On Wall Street, the ax keeps falling again and again.

The issue of continued layoffs gained new urgency on Thursday, as Lehman Brothers, Wall Street's most troubled firm, prepares to lay off up to 1,500 people in its fourth round of cutbacks this year, according to The New York Times. The cuts -- equal to 6 percent of Lehman's work force -- would likely be made before third-quarter results are announced in mid-September.


Stocks Slide in Final Minutes After Seesaw Day

...gasoline. Consumers cut back their spending across nearly every sector, like furniture, electronics and clothing. The data portend a bleak Christmas shopping season that will force retailers to make deep discounts, analysts said. “It’...

http://query.nytimes.com/search/query?query=portend&srchst=nyt





Big Brother Comes for Foreign Firms in China A2


A new threat to foreign businesses in China is looming in the form of a ‘social-credit’ system that harnesses big data to monitor and rate companies, what one think tank calls ‘IT-backed authoritarianism.’



 authoritarianism


威權主義英語:Authoritarianism),又譯權威主義,指政府要求人民絕對服從其權威的原則,而不是個人的思想和行動自由。政府上的威權主義指權力集中於單一領袖或一小撮精英。威權領導者在行使權力時常不考慮現有法律而任意,公民也通常無法自由競爭的選舉來替換之。
不少打壓反對派政黨或其他替代政治團體與權力爭奪與統治集團的自由是有限或不存在的獨裁政權都是如此的威權政體權威政體(Authoritarian regime)來說,有關於設立反對黨或其他政治組織不是有限不然就是根本不存在,威權主義因而站在民主的對立面[1]
在不同學術領域如新聞學行政學經濟學心理學管理學社會學,威權主義概念的中文專業用詞或有差異如獨裁主義集權主義集權制度專制主義權威性格威權性格[2]


authoritarianism
ɔːˌθɒrɪˈtɛːrɪənɪz(ə)m/
noun
  1. the enforcement or advocacy of strict obedience to authority at the expense of personal freedom.
    • lack of concern for the wishes or opinions of others.


Definition of Big Brother


noun

informal
  • a person or organization exercising total control over people’s lives: Big Brother will be watching you from this week when spy cameras start to operate in Essex [as modifier]:for executives who want the Big Brother touch, there are monitoring systems to keep track of employees

Origin:

1950s: from the name of the head of state in George Orwell's Nineteen Eighty-Four (1949)


portend .v., -tend·ed, -tend·ing, -tends.
  1. To serve as an omen or a warning of; presage: black clouds that portend a storm.
  2. To indicate by prediction; forecast: leading economic indicators that portend a recession.
[Middle English portenden, from Latin portendere.]



presage
Show phonetics


verb [T] FORMAL
━━ n. 前兆; 予感; 〔古〕 予言.
━━ vt. 前兆となる; 予感する; 予言する.


to show or suggest that something, often something unpleasant, will happen:
But still the economy is not showing signs of any of the excesses that normally presage a recession.

n.
  1. An indication or warning of a future occurrence; an omen.
  2. A feeling or intuition of what is going to occur; a presentiment.
  3. Prophetic significance or meaning.
  4. Archaic. A prediction.
v., -saged, -sag·ing, -sag·es. (prĭ-sāj', prĕs'ĭj) v.tr.
  1. To indicate or warn of in advance; portend.
  2. To have a presentiment of.
  3. To foretell or predict.
v.intr.
To make or utter a prediction.
[Middle English, from Latin praesāgium, from praesāgīre, to perceive beforehand : prae-, pre- + sāgīre, to perceive.]

Bear Stearns Loss Presages More Turmoil

Bear Stearns reported its first quarterly loss ever, stung by the mortgage crisis that has swept markets across the globe.

法國中尉的女人 (第12章)

I will not make her teeter on the windowsill; or sway forward, and then collapse sobbing back onto the worn carpet of her room. We know she was alive a fortnight after this incident, and therefore she did not jump. Nor were hers the sobbing, hysterical sort of tears that presage violent action; but those produced by a profound conditional, rather than emotional, misery--slow-welling, unstoppable, creeping like blood through a bandage.

Who is Sarah?



query
(kwîr'ē) pronunciation
n., pl., -ries.
  1. A question; an inquiry.
  2. A doubt in the mind; a mental reservation.
  3. A notation, usually a question mark, calling attention to an item in order to question its validity or accuracy.
tr.v., -ried, -ry·ing, -ries.
  1. To express doubt or uncertainty about; question: query someone's motives.
  2. To put a question to (a person). See synonyms at ask.
  3. To mark (an item) with a notation in order to question its validity or accuracy.
[Alteration of obsolete quaere, quere, from Latin quaere, imperative of quaerere, to ask, to seek.]
querier que'ri·er n.
Out of what shadows does she come?

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