2016年2月24日 星期三

crosscurrent, currency, purser, upheaval, in unison, divulge

Pope Speaks Up for Immigrants, Touching a Nerve 
The pope has calibrated his immigration stance with care, but his visit has stirred the crosscurrents of the debate

Hispanic Hopeful for ’08 Confronts Immigration 
Gov. Bill Richardson, Democrat of New Mexico, has weathered the crosscurrents of the immigration battle.

Angela Merkel became Germany's chancellor on this day in 2005. Her time in power has not been an easy one, but she has grown taller with every upheaval

Col. Bud Day, Vietnam War Hero, Dies at 88
The colonel, imprisoned with John McCain in the notorious “Hanoi Hilton,” earned the Medal of Honor for enduring years of brutality without divulging information.

A: I don't know about Google.
I do think that they will be rehired and especially if they have maintained their currency.
The problem with being laid off in Silicon Valley is if you are laid off for a few years, which would be terrible, during that time, the technology moves forward, so you have to keep yourself current.
If they maintain their currency, I think there are very good hopes for them.

Literature knows no frontiers and must remain common currency among people in spite of political or international upheavals.


On modern-day passenger ships, the purser has evolved into a multi-person office that handles general administration, fees and charges, currency exchange, and any other money-related needs of the passengers and crew. The Chief Purser often holds a rank equivalent to that of the Chief Officer (and wears the same three rank rings).

U.S. and Global Economies Slipping in Unison
The integrated market spreads prosperity — linking cotton farmers in Texas to textile mills in China — but it also spreads hurt when times go bad.

Full Definition of crosscurrent

  1. 1:  a current running counter to the general forward direction
  2. 2:  a conflicting tendency —usually used in plural crosscurrent


n., pl., -cies.
  1. Money in any form when in actual use as a medium of exchange, especially circulating paper money.
  2. Transmission from person to person as a medium of exchange; circulation: coins now in currency.
  3. General acceptance or use; prevalence: the currency of a slang term.
  4. The state of being current; up-to-dateness: Can you check the currency of this address?
[From Middle English curraunt, in circulation. See current.]
(ACCEPTANCE) Show phonetics
noun [U]
the state of being commonly known or accepted, or of being used in many places:
His ideas enjoyed wide currency during the last century.
Many informal expressions are gaining currency in serious newspapers. ━━ n. 流通, 通用, 流布(るふ); 通貨, 紙幣; 声価.
gain currency (うわさなどが)広まる.
currency swap 通貨スワップ.

【不可算名詞】 [具体的には 【可算名詞】] 通貨; 流通貨幣.
(a) metallic [paper] currency (流通)硬貨[紙幣].
【不可算名詞】 通用(していること), 流通; 流布流行.

upheaval Show phonetics
noun [C or U]
(a) great change, especially causing or involving much difficulty, activity or trouble:
Yesterday's coup brought further upheaval to a country already struggling with famine.
It would cause a tremendous upheaval to install a different computer system.
n. - 事務長, 主計官
日本語 (Japanese)
n. - 事務長, パーサー(音譯)
purser Show phonetics
noun [C]
an officer on a ship who deals with the ship's accounts, or a person on a passenger ship or aircraft who is responsible for taking care of passengers


On modern airliners, the chief flight attendant is often called the purser.

Turbulent days ahead due to union 'spy files'

The late novelist Motoki Uchida was an All Nippon Airways (ANA) pilot. In his book "Kicho kara anaunsu" (This is your captain speaking) from Shinchosha Publishing Co., Uchida stressed the importance of the chief purser.
The person in the post is responsible for overseeing the entire cabin crew. "If the chief purser is competent, the pilot can operate the aircraft free of worries," he wrote. Uchida went on to say that if the chief purser is not competent and lacks leadership, the whole flight could become a strain.
The cabin and the cockpit; maintenance and operation; the ground staff and in-flight crew: If they work in unison, safe air travel is virtually guaranteed.
Meanwhile, about 200 Japan Airlines (JAL) cabin attendants have instituted a damages suit against the company and its biggest labor union. The cause of this was the discovery of "spy files" compiled secretly by the union.
The files contain personal information of about 10,000 employees. I was shocked by the content. Just to pick a few: "(She) is a flirt"; "loves mixed parties"; "had two miscarriages"; "takes her menstrual leave every month"; "fat"; "loves to drink"; "has a great figure." I must say this is more in the realm of tasteless gossip than personal information.
Some files contain comments that verge on what an investigator of people's thoughts and beliefs might write, while others divulged the subjects' medical histories and performance ratings, things that only their superiors could have been privy to.
JAL has disciplined 25 management personnel and others for passing on information to the union, but denied any organizational involvement.
There are eight JAL unions, and the one that is being sued is said to be pro-management. The union insists that the files are kept to facilitate consultations with members and for the recruitment of new members. I, however, suspect they were being used as management-labor ammunition for undermining other unions that stand up to the management. It is miserable indeed to work for a company where workers rat on one another.
I felt empathy for the plaintiffs in their cabin attendant uniforms handing out leaflets to passers-by, but the sight also made me a bit uneasy. Are these women performing their in-flight duties while nursing distrust for their superiors and colleagues?
How could the airline cause its staff, who are responsible for the safety of passengers, to worry about problems on the ground? Uchida, who took off for heaven a year ago, so to speak, must be lamenting this situation.
--The Asahi Shimbun, Dec. 1(IHT/Asahi: December 6,2007)

unison Show phonetics
in unison together; at the same time:
Try to sing in unison if you can.


Translate divulge | into German | into Italian | into Spanish


[with object]
  • make known (private or sensitive information):I am too much of a gentleman to divulge her age



Pronunciation: /-ˈgeɪʃ(ə)n/




late Middle English (in the sense 'announce publicly'): from Latin divulgare, from di- 'widely' + vulgare 'publish' (from vulgus 'common people')