2016年9月28日 星期三

see, envisage, sitting, leap, here and there, strike down, strike a blow for (or against), strike (or sound) a note of

A permanent colony on Mars is undeniably a grand ambition, but Elon Musk’s ideas about how to begin, and how to build the necessary infrastructure to get people there, are worth pondering




 "America has black professors, black business executives, black diplomats and black generals, and for the past six years it has had a black president. All this would have been unimaginable when Barack Obama was born or, to be more precise, it could only be dreamed. Yet black emancipation has not happened in the way Martin Luther King envisaged. Instead of the collective improvement to which he looked forward, there has been a starburst of individual successes, but they are successes that stand in stark contrast to the difficult and harassed lives of the majority of African Americans."
Editorial: The collective emancipation Martin Luther King envisaged for...
THEGUARDIAN.COM|由 EDITORIAL 上傳

New York Gun Law Is Largely Upheld by a Federal Judge

A judge ruled that the state’s expanded ban on assault weapons was constitutional, but struck down a seven-round limit on magazines.

 

 

But Pope Francis has drawn a generally positive response from the secular world, even though he made it clear that the church still considered homosexuality a sin.(He has also struck a conservative note on the issue of women priests, saying the church had spoken and said no; but he said the role of women must not be confined to that of "altar girls" or the leadership of charities. ...

 

Strauss-Kahn May See Charges Dropped

Egyptian Court Strikes a Blow Against Morsi
The ruling challenged the legitimacy of the sitting house of Parliament and the body that drafted the constitution.

The Backstory
Behind the Obama Cover: Person of the Year 2012
Last week, President Barack Obama, TIME’s Person of the Year for 2012, granted us a rare sitting with the legendary photographer Nadav Kander. We...

 

 

A Second Here a Second There May Just Be a Waste of Time

By KENNETH CHANG
The United States wants to scrap the leap閏秒 second, but beware: without it, noon will strike at sunrise in some 100,000 years.







strike (or hit) a false note

appear insincere or inappropriate: she greeted him gushingly, and that struck a false note





strike (or sound) a note of

express (a particular feeling or view) about something:he sounded a note of caution about the trend towards health foods

strike a discordant note

appear strange and out of place: the chair’s modernity struck a discordant note in a room full of eighteenth-century furniture

Here
adv. (hēr)
[OE. her, AS. hēr; akin to OS. hēr, D. hier, OHG. hiar, G. hier, Icel. & Goth. hēr, Dan. her, Sw. här; fr. root of E. he. See He.]
1. In this place; in the place where the speaker is; -- opposed to there.
He is not here, for he is risen.
Matt. xxviii. 6.
2. In the present life or state.
Happy here, and more happy hereafter.
Bacon.
3. To or into this place; hither. [Colloq.] See Thither.
Here comes Virgil.
B. Jonson.
Thou led'st me here.
Byron.
4. At this point of time, or of an argument; now.
The prisoner here made violent efforts to rise.
Warren.
Note: Here, in the last sense, is sometimes used before a verb without subject; as, Here goes, for Now (something or somebody) goes; -- especially occurring thus in drinking healths. «Here's [a health] to thee, Dick.» Cowley.
Here and there, in one place and another; in a dispersed manner; irregularly. «Footsteps here and thereLongfellow. -- It is neither, here nor there, it is neither in this place nor in that, neither in one place nor in another; hence, it is to no purpose, irrelevant, nonsense. Shak.





Scotland Yard Sees Another Official Quit
A second senior official at Scotland Yard stepped down amid pressure from a widening scandal over tabloid newspaper reporting tactics, after admitting he failed to thoroughly investigate the phone-hacking allegations at the heart of the controversy.

sitting
(sĭt'ĭng) pronunciation
n.
  1. The act or position of one that sits.
  2. A period during which one is seated and occupied with a single activity, such as posing for a portrait or reading a book.
  3. A session, as of a legislature or court.
    1. An act, condition, or period of brooding on eggs by a bird; incubation.
    2. The number of eggs under a brooding bird; a clutch.
adj.
  1. Incubating a nest of eggs: a sitting hen.
  2. Occupying an official position; incumbent.
    1. Of or for sitting: a sitting posture; a sitting area in a bus station.
    2. Done or executed while sitting.
  • [sítiŋ]
[名]
1 [U]座(ってい)ること;(肖像画などで)モデルになること.
2 (座って中断せずに行う)ひと仕事[勝負]
read a book in[at] one sitting
(座って)一気に本を読む.
3 (割り当てられた)食事時間[場所].
4 ((英))(法廷・議会などの)開廷[開会](期間).
5 抱卵(期), 巣ごもり;(1回の)抱卵数.
6 (教会などの)座席.
━━[形]
1 巣についている.
2 現職の
a sitting member
現職議員.
3 座っている, 座位の.
4 ((限定))((英))居住中の〈借家人など〉
a sitting tenant
現借家[借地]人.


Definition of see

verb (sees, seeing, saw /sɔː/; past participle seen /siːn/)

[with object]
  • 1perceive with the eyes; discern visually:in the distance she could see the blue sea [no object]:Andrew couldn’t see out of his left eye figurativeI can’t see into the future
  • [with clause] be or become aware of something from observation or from a written or other visual source:I see from your appraisal report that you have asked for training
  • be a spectator of (a film, game, or other entertainment); watch:I went to see King Lear at the Old Vic
  • [in imperative] refer to (a specified source) for further information (used as a direction in a text):elements are usually classified as metals or non-metals (see chapter 11)
  • 2discern or deduce after reflection or from information; understand:I can’t see any other way to treat it [with clause]:I saw that perhaps he was right she could see what Rhoda meant
  • [with clause] ascertain after inquiring, considering, or discovering an outcome:I’ll go along to the club and see if I can get a game
  • [with object and adverbial] regard in a specified way:he saw himself as a good teacher you and I see things differently
  • (see something in) find good or attractive qualities in (someone):I don’t know what I see in you
  • view or predict as a possibility; envisage:I can’t see him earning any more anywhere else
  • used to ascertain or express comprehension, agreement, or continued attention, or to emphasize that an earlier prediction was correct:it has to be the answer, don’t you see? see, I told you I’d come
  • 3experience or witness (an event or situation):I shall not live to see it [with object and complement]:I can’t bear to see you so unhappy
  • be the time or setting of (something):the 1970s saw the beginning of a technological revolution
  • 4meet (someone one knows) socially or by chance:I saw Colin last night
  • visit (a person or place):I went to see Caroline see Alaska in style
  • meet regularly as a boyfriend or girlfriend:some guy she was seeing was messing her around
  • consult (a specialist or professional):you may need to see a solicitor
  • give an interview or consultation to:the doctor will see you now
  • 5 [with object and adverbial of direction] escort or conduct (someone) to a specified place:don’t bother seeing me out
  • 6 [no object] ensure:Lucy saw to it that everyone got enough to eat [with clause]:see that no harm comes to him
7(in poker or brag) equal the bet of (an opponent) and require them to reveal their cards in order to determine who has won the hand.


envisage


Line breaks: en¦vis|age
Pronunciation: /ɪnˈvɪzɪdʒ , ɛn-/



Definition of envisage in English:

VERB

[WITH OBJECT]
1Contemplate or conceive of as a possibility or a desirable future event:the Rome Treaty envisaged free movement acrossfrontiers
1.1Form a mental picture of (something not yetexisting or known):he knew what he liked but had difficultyenvisaging it

Origin

early 19th century: from French envisager, from en- 'in' + visage 'face'.

see
[動](saw 〔s〕, seen 〔sín〕)(他)
1III[名]/that節/wh-節]
(1) …が見える, を見る;[V[名]do/[名]doing/[名]過分/((文・受動態のみ))[名]to do]…が(…するのを)見る. ⇒WATCH[類語]
I saw the plane land.
飛行機が着陸するのが見えた
We saw him sleeping.
彼が眠っているのを見た
He was seen to enter the store.
彼が店にはいるのを見た(▼受動態では不定詞の前にtoが必要)
You ain't seen nothing yet.
これくらいで驚いてはいけない(これからもっとすごいのを見せてやる).
[語法]
(1) ふつう進行形では用いないが, 「視力がよくなる」という場合は使える:I'm seeing much better. (新しい眼鏡に変えたなどで)ずっと見えるようになっている.
(2) 「テレビやスポーツを見る」はwatchだが, 特定の番組や試合になるとwatchおよびseeのどちらも可:Did you see the seven o'clock news last night?昨晩の7時のニュースを見たかい/I saw England's defeat. イングランド(チーム)が負けたのを見た.
(2) 〈ロボットなどが〉(コンピュータビジョンとして)見る;〈人工衛星などが〉視界にとらえる;〈脳などが〉認知する
The satellite can see the entire southern half of the country.
人工衛星からの映像で国の南半分が見える.
2 …を見物する;(見物人として)…を訪れる, 見に行く
see the sights of Rome
ローマ見物をする
I saw a movie last night.
昨晩映画を見に行った.
3 …がわかる, …を悟る, 了解[理解]する;[III that節/wh-節/wh- to do](新聞・テレビ・発言などから)〈…ということを〉知る, 知っている(▼進行形不可)
as they [I] see it
彼ら[私]に言わせると
I see what you mean.
あなたの言いたいことはわかります
You'll see him for what he is.
彼がどんな人かやがてわかるでしょう
As soon as she spoke, he saw something had happened to her.
彼女の初めの一言で, すぐ彼女に何か起こったとわかった(▼to不定詞を伴うことがあるが, 現在は((文)):I saw him to be unkind.).
4III that節/wh-節/wh- to do]〈…かどうか〉見てみる, 調べる, 確かめる;〈…ということを〉見いだす(find out)
See who is at the door.
玄関にだれが来ているのか見てきて
Try and see how far you can throw.
どこまで投げられるかやってごらん
I'll see that it gets done right away.
すぐやり終えるようにいたします.
5 (…に)…を認識する, 認める((in ...))
see the good in others
他の人の美点を認める.
6V[名]as[名]]…を(…であると)みなす
She still sees us as little kids.
私たちをまだ子供と思っている.
7 …を予見[予測]する;…を想像する[心に描く];[V[名]doing]…が(…すると)心に描く, 想像する;[V[名]as[名]]…を(…であると)想像する(▼しばしば否定文で用いる)
I can't see him ever owning a house.
彼が家を持つなんて想像もつかない
I can't see her as an actress.
女優の彼女なんて想像できない.
8V[名]do/[名]doing]((ふつう否定文・疑問文))…が(…するのを)黙認する, 放っておく
I can't see him suffer that way.
彼があのように苦しんでるのを黙って見てられない.
9 〈人が〉…を体験する, 知る;((比喩))〈時・場所などが〉…に遭遇する. ▼進行形不可
see life
世間を知る
see service in the diplomatic corps
外交官を経験する
have seen it all (before)
それについては経験してよく知っている
The 18th century saw many reforms.
18世紀に多くの変革がなされた.
10
(1)III[名]([副])](日常のつきあいで)〈人と〉会う, 面談する;〈権威ある者などが〉〈訪問者と〉会う, 接見する(▼この意では進行形可)
see much [a lot] of a person
人とよく会う
see little [nothing] of a person
人にほとんど[全然]会わない
See you (later, in a while [((英))a bit]). [=(I'll) be seeing you. ]
((話))またね, じゃあね
See you around.
((話))じゃ, またそのうち
Are you seeing her tomorrow?
あした彼女と会うの
The President finally saw the reporters.
大統領はついに取材記者たちと会った.
(2) 〈人を〉(職務・専門上のことなどで)訪問する, 会う;〈病人などを〉見舞う
see a doctor
医者に診てもらう
The doctors will see you now.
さあ先生が診察なさいますよ.
(3) 〈男女が〉(長い間)交際する, つき合う, ひんぱんにデートする
They've seen each other for a long time.
二人は長くつき合っている.
(4) (知り合いではないが)〈人を〉よく見かける((around)).
11 〈人を〉世話する, 援助する, 〈人の〉役に立つ;〈人に〉金銭を与える
see a person through college
人が大学を出るのを援助する
My wife saw me through my illness.
病気のあいだじゅう妻がめんどうを見てくれた.
12III[名]/that節]((命令形のみ))〈…するように〉取り計らう, 配慮する, 気を配る, 確実に[まちがいなく]…する
See that the door is locked before you leave.
出かける前にドアにきちんと鍵をかけるのを忘れないでね.
13 〈人を〉送り届ける, 案内する
see a person home [to the door]
家まで送る[玄関まで見送る].
14 《トランプ》〈(相手の)賭(か)けに〉(同額のチップを張って)応じる, 〈相手に〉同額の賭けで応じる
I'll see your five and raise you five more.
君と同じ5枚を賭け, その上にもう5枚余分に賭けよう.
15 〈本・文書などを〉読む, 見る;((ふつう命令文))参照する(略:S.)
Have you seen today's paper?
きょうの新聞を読んだか
see the note, p. 16.
16ページの注を参照せよ.
━━(自)(←(他))
1
(1) ((しばしばcan, couldと共に))見る, 見える
There are vineyards as far as we can see.
見渡す限りブドウ園だ.
(2) 〈ロボットなどが〉(コンピュータビジョンとして)見る;〈人工衛星などが〉視界にとらえる;〈脳などが〉認知する.
2 理解する, わかる, 納得する, 洞察する, 見抜く
as far as I can see
私の理解する[信じる]限りでは
(You) see?
((話))私の言うことがわかりますか
I see.
((話))わかりました(▼I see you. ともいうが「君の言うことはわかるよ」という意味で((主に米)))
So I see.
((話))そんなことはわかっている.
3I[副]]気をつける, 注意する, 取り計らう;(人の)相手[世話]をする((to ...))
I'll see to it that it never happens again.
そのようなことが二度と起こらぬよう注意します
See, there it goes.
ほら, 行くよ.
4 確かめる, (調べて)知る;調べる
Go and see for yourself.
行って自分で確かめなさい.
5 (…について)考える, 熟考する((about ...))
Let me [Let's] see, how does that song go?
ええと, その歌詞はどういうのだったかなあ(▼考えながら言うときの間投詞的表現).
I don't see why not.
((話))そうですね, いいですよ.
I'll [We'll] see.
((話))今にわかるでしょう;ちょっとようすを見てみよう;考えておきましょう.
Now you see me [it], now you don't.
見えますね, 見えますね, おっと消えた.
▼舞台で自分の姿や品物を消すマジシャンのセリフ.
see about ...
(1) …を調べる;…を尋ねる, 捜す.
(2) 〈…に〉注意を向ける;〈…について〉手段を講じる, 〈…の〉世話をする((doing))
We must see about getting the license plate.
鑑札を手に入れるように手段を講じなければならない(▼状況によって名詞が単独に目的語となる:It's 6 o'clock. I must see about dinner. 6時だわ. 夕ご飯の仕度をしなきゃ).
(3) …を考えておく;((反語))…が可能か考える;…をできなくしてやる
I will see about it.
何とかしましょう
We'll have to see about that!
それは考えてからだ.
see after ...
((米))…の世話をする;…に気をつける.
see around [((英))round] ...
…を見に行く.
see beyond ...
((通例canを伴って))…の先を知る[読む].
see a person blowed [damned, in hell, farther, further, hanged, etc. ] (first)
ご免こうむる, 絶対お断りする
I'll see him in hell before I do what he wants.
彼の望みどおりにするなどまっぴらだ(▼firstまたはbefore節があとに続く).
see a person coming
〈人に〉高値を吹きかける.
see good [fit] to do
…するのがいいと(勝手に)思う.
see in
(自)中が見える.
━━(他)
[see ... in/see in ...]
〈新年の〉到来を祝う[歓迎する].
see into ...
…を調査する, 調べる(investigate);…を見抜く;〈未来などを〉見通す.
see ... off/see off ...
(1) 〈人を〉(空港・駅などで)見送る((at ...)).
(2) 〈侵入者などを〉(力づくで)追い払う.
(3) 〈試合などに〉勝つ.
(4) ((英俗))〈人を〉殺す.
see out
(自)外が見える.
━━(他)
[see ... out/see out ...]
(1) 〈人を〉玄関まで見送る
I'll see myself out.
((話))わざわざお見送りしていただかなくてもだいじょうぶです.
(2) 〈仕事・計画などを〉終りまで見届ける, なし遂げる(▼受動態はまれ);〈旧年を〉送り出す
see the Old Year out
大みそか夜中まで起きている.
(3) 〈人・物が〉〈ある期間の〉最後まで持ちこたえる[ある地位についている, ある場所にとどまる](▼受身不可)
I think we have enough fuel to see the winter out.
冬を越すだけの燃料はあると思う.
see over ...
〈家・工場などを〉視察する, 検分する.
see through ...
(自)
(1) 〈窓・カーテンなどを〉通してみる.
(2) …の本質を見抜く, を理解[把握]する, 見破る
I can see through your lies easily.
あなたのうそは簡単に見抜けます.
━━(他)
[see ... through/see through ...]
(1) ⇒(他)10
(2) 〈計画などを〉最後までやり抜く, 〈苦しい事態などを〉がんばり通す.
(3) 〈人・お金などが〉〈人を〉最後まで助ける. ▼受身不可.
(4)
[see a person through ...]
〈人・勇気などが〉〈人に〉(困難を)切り抜けさせる.
see to ...
(1) ⇒(自)3
(2) 〈物を〉修善[修理]する;〈病気などを〉治療する.
see up
(自)上の方を見る, 上の方まで見える.
━━(他)
[see ... up/see up ...]
〈人を〉階上まで案内する[見送る].
You'll see.
((話))まあ見ていてください.
You see. ((話))あのね, ほら;何しろ.


see
() pronunciation

v., saw (), seen (sēn), see·ing, sees. v.tr.
  1. To perceive with the eye.
    1. To apprehend as if with the eye.
    2. To detect by means analogous to use of the eye: an electronic surveillance camera that saw the activity in the embassy yard.
  2. To have a mental image of; visualize: They could still see their hometown as it once was.
  3. To understand; comprehend: I see your point.
  4. To consider to be; regard: Many saw her as a world leader.
  5. To believe possible; imagine: I don't see him as a teacher.
  6. To foresee: I see great things for that child.
  7. To know through firsthand experience; undergo: "He saw some service on the king's side" (Tucker Brooke).
  8. To give rise to or be characterized by: "Her long reign saw the heyday of verbal humor" (Richard Kain). "The 1930s saw the development of sulfa drugs and penicillin" (Gregg Easterbrook).
  9. To find out; ascertain: Please see who's knocking.
  10. To refer to; read: Persons interested in the book's history should see page one of the preface.
  11. To take note of; recognize: She sees only the good aspects of the organization.
  12. To meet or be in the company of: I saw all my aunts and uncles at the reunion.
  13. To share the companionship of often or regularly: He's been seeing the same woman for eight years.
    1. To visit socially; call on.
    2. To visit for consultation: You ought to see your doctor more frequently.
  14. To admit or receive, as for consultation or a social visit: The doctor will see you now.
  15. To attend; view: Let's see a movie.
  16. To escort; attend: I'm seeing Nellie home.
  17. To make sure; take care: See that it gets done right away.
  18. Games.
    1. To meet (a bet) in card games.
    2. To meet the bet of (another player).
v.intr.
  1. To have the power to perceive with or as if with the eye.
  2. To understand; comprehend.
  3. To consider: Let's see, which suitcase should we take?
    1. To go and look: She had to see for herself and went into the garage.
    2. To ascertain; find out: We probably can do it, but we'll have to see.
  4. To have foresight: "No man can see to the end of time" (John F. Kennedy).
  5. To take note.
phrasal verbs:
see about
  1. To attend to.
  2. To investigate.
see after
  1. To take care of: Please see after the children while I'm gone.
see off
  1. To take leave of (someone): saw the guests off at the door; went to the airport to see us off.
see out
  1. To escort (a guest) to the door: Will you please see Ms. Smith out?
  2. To work on (a project) until completion: Despite poor funding, we saw the project out.
see through
  1. To understand the true character or nature of: We saw through his superficial charm.
  2. To provide support or cooperation to (a person) throughout a period of time: We'll see you through until you finish college.
  3. To work on (a project) until completion.
see to
  1. To attend to: See to the chores, will you?
idioms:
see red Informal.
  1. To be extremely angry.
see you later
  1. InformalUsed to express good-bye. Used to express good-bye.
[Middle English sen, from Old English sēon.]
SYNONYMS see, behold, note, notice, remark, espy, descry, observe, contemplate, survey, view, perceive, discern. These verbs refer to being or becoming visually or mentally aware of something. See, the most general, can mean merely to use the faculty of sight but more often implies recognition, understanding, or appreciation: "If I have seen further (than ... Descartes) it is by standing upon the shoulders of Giants" (Isaac Newton). Behold implies gazing at or looking intently upon what is seen: "My heart leaps up when I behold/A rainbow in the sky" (William Wordsworth). Note, notice, and remark suggest close, detailed observation, and note in particular implies making a careful, systematic mental recording: Be careful to note that we turn left at the church. I notice that you're out of sorts. "Their assemblies afforded me daily opportunities of remarking characters and manners" (Samuel Johnson). Espy and descry both stress acuteness of sight that permits the detection of something distant or obscure: "espied the misspelled Latin word in [the] letter" (Los Angeles Times). "the lighthouse, which can be descried from a distance" (Michael Strauss). Observe emphasizes careful, closely directed attention: "I saw the pots ... and observed that they did not crack at all" (Daniel Defoe). Contemplate implies looking attentively and thoughtfully: "It is interesting to contemplate an entangled bank, clothed with many plants" (Charles Darwin). Survey stresses comprehensive examination: "Strickland looked away and idly surveyed the ceiling" (W. Somerset Maugham). View usually suggests examination with a particular purpose in mind or in a special way: The medical examiner viewed the victim's body. Perceive and discern both imply not only visual recognition but also mental comprehension; perceive is especially associated with insight, and discern, with the ability to distinguish, discriminate, and make judgments: "I plainly perceive [that] some objections remain" (Edmund Burke). "Your sense of humor would discern the hollowness beneath all the pomp and ceremony" (Edna Ferber).

see2 () pronunciation
n.
  1. The official seat, center of authority, jurisdiction, or office of a bishop.
  2. Obsolete. A cathedra.
[Middle English, from Old French se, from Vulgar Latin *sedem, from Latin sēdēs, seat.]鐘


leap
[動](leaped or((主に英))leapt 〔lépt, lípt〕)(自)1 跳ぶ, 跳びはねる, はねる. ⇒JUMP[類語] leap over a stream小川を跳び越える...
leap at
(1) …に飛びかかる.(2) 〈申し出・機会などに〉飛びつく He leaped at the opportunity to study abroad.海外留学の機会にぱっと飛びついた.(3)...
jump out of the frying pan into the fire
小難をのがれて大難に陥る.
leap second
《天文》閏(うるう)秒.
Definition of blow






noun

  • a powerful stroke with a hand, weapon, or hard object:he received a blow to the skull
  • a sudden shock or disappointment:the news came as a crushing blow to the cast

Phrases








at one blow

by a single stroke; in one operation:the letter had destroyed his certainty at one blow







blow-by-blow

(of a description of an event) giving all the details in the order in which they occurred:a blow-by-blow account of how England lost to Portugal







come to blows

start fighting after a disagreement: the two actors reputedly almost came to blows







soften (or cushion) the blow

make it easier to cope with a difficult change or upsetting news:monetary compensation was offered to soften the blow







strike a blow for (or against)

act in support of (or opposition to):a chance to strike a blow for freedom

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