2015年12月6日 星期日

duress, runaway, fit out, solitary confinement, duchy,


Last year confessions (true and false) underpinned 89% of criminal prosecutions in Japan. Almost without exception, those who confess are found guilty

The overall conviction rate is a staggering 99.8%
ECON.ST

When Prisoners Protest

By WILBERT RIDEAU

Why we should all be concerned about the inhumane conditions of prolonged solitary confinement.




Critic’s Notebook
Trappings of Art, From Tank to Coffin
By CLAUDIA LA ROCCO


Confinement was a theme of several works in this year’s Queer New York International Arts Festival.




Who Buys These Clothes? They Do
Many of designers' runway styles are actually purchased by a small group of customers, not all of them from the isle of Manhattan.


But almost no one doubts that Ms. Redgrave inspired her daughter as well. Like her mother, Ms. Richardson was known for disappearing into a role, for not capitalizing on her looks and for being drawn to characters under duress.



duress  
noun [U] FORMAL
threats used to force a person to do something:
He claimed that he signed the confession under duress.

Constraint by threat; coercion: confessed under duress.
Law.
Coercion illegally applied.
Forcible confinement.
[Middle English duresse, harshness, compulsion, from Old French durece, hardness, from Latin dūritia, from dūrus, hard.]

  • 発音記号[djuərés | djuər-]

[名][U]((形式))
1 脅迫
under duress
強要[脅迫]されて.
2 拘束, 監禁
be held in duress
監禁されている.
duchy
n., pl., -ies.
The territory ruled by a duke or duchess; a dukedom.
[Middle English duchie, from Old French duche, from Medieval Latin ducātus, from Latin dux, duc-, leader. See duke.]

fit out

Also, fit up. Equip or supply what is needed, as in They promised to fit out the expedition free of charge. This expression, dating from the late 1600s, originally was confined to furnishing a ship or other vessel with supplies, repairs, and the like. By the 1720s it was being used more broadly, as it still is.

runaway
(rŭn'ə-wā') pronunciation
n.
  1. A person or animal that has run away.
  2. Something that has escaped control or proper confinement.
  3. Informal. An easy victory.
adj.
  1. Escaping or having escaped restraint, captivity, or control: runaway horses; runaway children.
  2. Out of control: a runaway car; runaway inflation.
  3. Easily won: a runaway victory.

confinement[con・fine・ment]

  • レベル:社会人必須
  • 発音記号[kənfáinmənt]
[名][U]
1 幽閉, 監禁(状態)
under confinement
監禁されて
be placed in confinement
監禁されている.
2 ((時にa 〜))お産の床につくこと;出産, 分娩(ぶんべん)
a difficult confinement
難産.
3 《軍事》営倉への監禁.




solitary

Syllabification: (sol·i·tar·y)
Pronunciation: /ˈsäləˌterē/

adjective

  • done or existing alone:I live a pretty solitary life tigers are essentially solitary
  • (of a place) secluded or isolated:solitary farmsteads
  • [attributive often with negative] single; only:we have not a solitary shred of evidence to go on
  • (of a bird, mammal, or insect) living alone or in pairs, especially in contrast to related social forms:a solitary wasp
  • (of a flower or other part) borne singly.

noun (plural solitaries)

  • 1a recluse or hermit.


Derivatives




solitarily


Pronunciation: /-rəlē/
adverb



solitariness

noun

Origin:

Middle English: from Latin solitarius, from solus 'alone'



 solitary

C2 A solitary person or thing is the only person or thing in a place:On the hill, a solitary figure was busy chopping down trees.In the distance was a solitary building.He was a solitary child (= he enjoyed being alone).C2 done alone:solitary walks by the riverfishing and other solitary pastimes

solitary confinement

Syllabification: (sol·i·tar·y con·fine·ment)

noun

the isolation of a prisoner in a separate cell as a punishment.

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