2016年1月12日 星期二

shilling, pence, pound, florin, crown, guinea, diadem


'...at that time there were twelve pennies in a shilling, and twenty shillings in a pound, sometimes called a sovereign. two shillings were called a florin, and two shillings and sixpence a half-crown. A guinea was a gold coin worth twenty-one shillings. "

 Standing upright within the chariot was a beautiful girl clothed in flowing robes of silver gauze and wearing a jeweled diadem upon her dainty head.



Some terrific guesses for today’s ‪#‎MysteryObject‬! It is a decorated funerary diadem, found on the skull of a skeleton in a tomb. It was made in Late Bronze Age Cyprus (1400–1200 BC), by stamping sheet gold with specially prepared punches. If you look closely, depicted on the diadem are two rows of figure-of-eight shields and bulls' heads, each decorated with a lotus flower. Together with the diadem, funerary mouthpieces were also found placed over the mouthhttp://ow.ly/WWIUE
一些很棒的猜測為今天的#mysteryobject! 這是一個裝飾funerary冠冕, 上發現的頭骨的骨架墳墓裡. 它是在遲到青銅時代的賽普勒斯土耳其共和國(1400-1200前), 被禁錮薄片黃金和特地準備拳. 如果你仔細看, 描繪的冠冕在兩排的花樣-of-八盾牌和牛的頭, 每個曾經和一朵蓮花. 一起的冠冕, funerary

diadem

Pronunciation: /ˈdʌɪədɛm/

noun

  • a jewelled crown or headband worn as a symbol of sovereignty.
  • (the diadem) archaic the authority or dignity symbolized by a crown: he refused the diadem of all the Caesars

Derivatives



diademed

adjective

IMAGES



shilling
先令
(shĭl'ĭng) pronunciation
n.
  1. (Abbr. s.) A coin used in the United Kingdom, worth one twentieth of a pound, 5 new pence, or 12 old pence prior to 1971.
  2. A basic unit of currency in Kenya, Somalia, Tanzania, and Uganda.
  3. Printing. A virgule.
(vûr'gyūl) pronunciation
n. Printing
A diagonal mark ( / ) used especially to separate alternatives, as in and/or, to represent the word per, as in miles/hour, and to indicate the ends of verse lines printed continuously, as in Old King Cole/Was a merry old soul.

[French, comma, obelus, from Late Latin virgula, accentual mark, from Latin, obelus, diminutive of virga, rod.]


[Middle English, from Old English scilling.]
  • [ʃíliŋ]
[名]シリング.
1 英国の貨幣単位, 白銅貨幣(1971年2月廃止);旧制度でポンド(pound)の1/20で12ペンス(pence)に相当;新制度で1シリングは5ペンスとして1991年3月まで通用した(略:s.). ⇒PENNY 1
2 かつての英本国以外のアイルランド・ナイジェリアなどで使用の小額通貨;ポンドの1/20, 12ペンスに相当.
3 オーストラリア・ケニア・ソマリア・ウガンダなどの貨幣単位;100セントに相当.
look as though one has lost a shilling and found sixpence
((英略式))悲しそうな顔をする.
take the King's [the Queen's] shilling
((英))兵士になる.


pound

  • [páund]
[名](複 〜s, ((集合的))〜)
I [重量単位]
1
(1) 常用ポンド(avoirdupois pound):一般に商業で用いる単位;16オンス, 0.4536kgに相当(記号:lb)
drop pounds
やせる
pack on pounds
太る
Thirty pounds is quite a lot for a turkey.
30ポンドって七面鳥としては大きいね(▼体重を示す主語は複数形でも動詞は単数呼応).
(2) トロイポンド(troy pound):金・銀など貴金属の重量単位;12トロイオンス, 0.3732kgに相当(記号:lb.t.).
(3) (米国で)薬用ポンド(apothecaries' pound):薬剤師の重量単位;12トロイオンスに相当(記号:lb. ap.).
II [貨幣単位]
2 ポンド(pound sterling):英国・英連邦の通貨単位(▼100ペンスに相当. 1971年1月以前は20シリング, 240ペンス)(略:L)(記号:£, ((まれ))l;£は数字の前に, lはあとに置く)
£8.05 (=eight pound(s) (and) five pence)
8ポンド5ペンス(▼andを省くのは((略式)))
eight pound and five
(旧制度)8ポンド5シリング;(新制度)8ポンド5ペンス
pounds, shillings, and pence
金銭.
3 ポンド(pound Scots):昔のスコットランド通貨.
4 ポンド:アイルランド・エジプト・トルコ・キプロス・ガーナ・イスラエル・レバノン・リビア・ナイジェリア・スーダン・シリアの通貨単位.
pound of flesh
約束の厳格な履行〈Shak. Mer.V.〉.
the pound in your pocket
((英))手持ちの金, 所持金.
━━[動](他)((英))〈貨幣の〉重量を検査する.


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