2017年6月12日 星期一

bind, in a bind, extricate, disentangle, messy portfolio, constipated.

The saga of the missing booksellers has again placed local authorities in a tight spot as they try to juggle public expectations and relations with Beijing, as well as an upcoming election.

HONG KONG -- In the lead-up to elections, Hong Kong officials have tried…
ASIA.NIKKEI.COM



A well-to-do British bachelor, Bertie Wooster (played by a pre-"House" Hugh Laurie), relies on his talented valet to extricate him and his friends from their societal mishaps.


Secret Court Ruling Put Tech Companies in Data Bind

By CLAIRE CAIN MILLER

In 2008, a ruling by a surveillance court said to be against Yahoo discouraged technology firms from fighting data requests from the government.

Prime Minister Yoshihiko Noda paid a heavy price for winning Lower House passage of legislation to double the consumption tax rate by 2015. (June 28) [more]


For years, as Japan has played musical chairs with its prime minister's post, China has steadily become the king of the castle in the neighborhood. (November 27) [more] 

Madoff: When I began the Ponzi scheme, I believed it would end shortly and I would be able to extricate myself and my clients from the scheme.
Translation: I just knew my luck would turn for the better any minute.



“For too long we had the notion of great artists like Yeats working in isolation. He revealed the complex interactions between Yeats and his family members, and how that made the art possible. He also helped extricate them from the orbit of Yeats’s influence exclusively, and to encourage us to see them as productive and interesting artists in their own right.”









ex・tri・cate[ kstrkit ]
[動](他)

1 …を(難局などから)救い出す, 解放する((from ...))
extricate him from a difficult situation
彼を難局から救い出す

extricate oneself from a snare of branches
絡み合った枝を抜け出す.

2 〈ガスを〉(化合物から)遊離させる.

x・tri・c・tion

[名]

ex・tri・ca・ble

[形]


portfolio
[名](複 〜s)
1 紙ばさみ, 折りかばん;(官庁の携帯用の)書類入れ.
2 (紙ばさみ式の)画帳, 画集;作品集.
3 [U]((主に英形式))大臣の地位[職]
a minister without portfolio
無任所大臣.
4
(1) 《金融》ポートフォリオ:さまざまな金融資産の組み合わせ, 金融資産構成
portfolio assets
有価証券資産
portfolio management
ポートフォリオの管理
portfolio selection
資産選択
portfolio investment
(有価証券の買い付けによる)間接投資.
(2) 顧客リスト.
[イタリア語portafoglio (portare運ぶ+foglio紙=紙を運ぶもの)]


Vodafone to Exit Softbank
Vodafone said it will sell back its interest in Japanese telecom provider SoftBank for $5 billion, in the latest sign that its CEO is serious about disentangling the wireless giant's messy portfolio.



portfolio= product portfolio 產品組合



disentangle,

v., -gled, -gling, -gles. v.tr.
  1. To extricate from entanglement or involvement; free. See synonyms at extricate.
  2. To clear up or resolve (a plot, for example); unravel.
v.intr.
To become free of entanglement.

disentanglement dis'en·tan'gle·ment n.


bind A problematical situation:he is in a political bind over the abortion issue

in a bind

Also, in a box or hole or jam or tight corner or tight spot. In a difficult, threatening, or embarrassing position; also, unable to solve a dilemma. For example, He's put us in a bind: we can't refuse, but at the same time we can't fill the order, or Jim's in a box; he can't afford to pay what he owes us, or He quit without giving notice and now we're really in a hole, or We always end up in a jam during the holiday season, or He's in a tight corner with those new customers, or We'll be in a tight spot unless we can find another thousand dollars.

All these colloquial terms allude to places from which one can't easily extricate oneself. The phrase using bind was first recorded in 1851; box, 1865; jam, 1914; tight spot, 1852. Also see in a fix.

It will take quite a hefty sum to extricate me from my financial difficulties.

extricate

Pronunciation: /ˈɛkstrɪkeɪt/

Definition of extricate
verb

[with object]
  • free (someone or something) from a constraint or difficulty:he was trying to extricate himself from official duties
Derivatives
extricable

adjective

extrication

Pronunciation: /-ˈkeɪʃ(ə)n/

noun

Origin:

early 17th century (in the sense 'unravel, untangle'): from Latin extricat- 'unravelled', from the verb extricare, from ex- 'out' + tricae 'perplexities'

ex·tri·cate (ĕk'strĭ-kāt'
tr.v., -cat·ed, -cat·ing, -cates.
  1. To release from an entanglement or difficulty; disengage.
  2. Archaic. To distinguish from something related.
[Latin extrīcāre, extrīcāt- : ex-, ex- + trīcae, hindrances, perplexities.]
extricable ex'tri·ca·ble (-kə-bəl) adj.
extrication ex'tri·ca'tion n.
SYNONYMS extricate, disengage, disentangle, untangle. These verbs mean to free from something that entangles: extricated herself from an embarrassing situation; trying to disengage his attention from the television; disentangled the oar from the water lilies; a trapped animal that untangled itself from a net.

Definition of bind
 Pronunciation: /bʌɪnd/

verb (past and past participle bound /baʊnd/)



[with object]
  • 1tie or fasten (something) tightly together:logs bound together with ropes they bound her hands and feet
  • restrain (someone) by tying their hands and feet:the raider then bound and gagged Mr Glenn
  • wrap (something) tightly:her hair was bound up in a towel
  • bandage (a wound):Shelley cleaned the wound and bound it up with a clean dressing
  • (be bound with) (of an object) be encircled by something, typically metal bands, so as to have greater strength:an ancient oak chest bound with brass braces
  • 2stick together or cause to stick together in a single mass: [with object]:mix the flour with the coconut and enough egg white to bind them
  • cause (painting pigments) to form a smooth medium by mixing them with oil.
  • hold by chemical bonding: a protein in a form that can bind DNA
  • [no object] (bind to) combine with (a substance) through chemical bonding: these proteins have been reported to bind to calmodulin
  • 3cause (people) to feel united:the comradeship that had bound such a disparate bunch of lads together
  • (bind someone to) cause someone to feel strongly attached to (a person or place):touches like that had bound men to him for life
  • 4impose a legal or contractual obligation on:a party who signs a document will normally be bound by its terms
  • indenture (someone) as an apprentice: he was bound apprentice at the age of sixteen
  • (bind oneself) formal make a contractual or enforceable undertaking:the government cannot bind itself as to the form of subsequent legislation
  • (of a court of law) require (someone) to fulfil an obligation, typically by paying a sum of money as surety:he was bound over to keep the peace by magistrates
  • (be bound by) be hampered or constrained by:Sarah did not want to be bound by a rigid timetable
  • 5fix together and enclose (the pages of a book) in a cover:a small, fat volume, bound in red morocco
  • 6trim (the edge of a piece of material) with a decorative strip:a frill with the edges bound in a contrasting colour
  • 7 Logic (of a quantifier) be applied to (a given variable) so that the variable falls within its scope. For example, in an expression of the form ‘For every x, if x is a dog, x is an animal’, the universal quantifier is binding the variable x.
  • 8 Linguistics (of a rule or set of grammatical conditions) determine the relationship between (coreferential noun phrases).
  • 9(of a food or medicine) make (someone) constipated.

noun

  • 1 informal a nuisance:I know being disturbed on Christmas Day is a bind
  • a problematical situation:he is in a political bind over the abortion issue
  • 2 formal a statutory constraint:the moral bind of the law
  • 3 Music another term for tie.
  • another term for bine.


Phrases


bind someone hand and foot

see hand.

Phrasal Verbs


bind off

North American cast off in knitting.

Origin:

Old English bindan, of Germanic origin; related to Dutch and German binden, from an Indo-European root shared by Sanskrit bandh
bind

━━[名]
1 束縛, 強制;束ねること;装本;便秘.
2 縛るもの(ひもなど);縫い目.
3 《音楽》結合[連結]線.
4 (ホップなどの)つる(bine).
5 ((略式))退屈な人[もの];((米略式))苦境, 困った状態

in a bind
ひどく困って
help a person out of the bind
人を苦境から救い出してやる.



constipated
Constipation refers to bowel movements that are infrequent or hard to pass.[2] The stool is often hard and dry.[4] Other symptoms may include abdominal pain, bloating, and feeling as if one has not completely passed the bowel movement.[3]Complications from constipation may include hemorrhoidsanal fissure or fecal impaction. The normal frequency of bowel movements in adults is between three per day and three per week.[4] Babies often have three to four bowel movements per day while young children typically have two to three per day.[6]

便秘是指因糞便會太硬或是太乾而排便不順或難以排出的狀況[1]。一般而言,正常排便的頻率約在每日三次到每週三次之間[2],便秘的併發症包含痔瘡、肛裂、糞便阻塞。不同患者對便秘的描述也不同。最常見的是排便費力(52%)、糞便硬結(44%)、排便不盡感(34%)、排便頻率減少(33%)[3]。歐洲的發病率是17.1%,大洋洲則為15.3%[4]

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