2016年6月19日 星期日

hobble, lurch, blockade, lift, high bar, vulnerable


The U.S. Supreme Court’s current term is hobbling toward its end amid an ideological stalemate left by the death of conservative Justice Antonin Scalia.

The court's next term could contain its shortest, least-consequential docket in recent memory.
ON.WSJ.COM|作者:JESS BRAVIN, REPORTER

Power Outages Hobble Pakistan's Biggest Exporters

 

Fear of litigation is hobbling the art market

Sandy Slams Silicon Alley
Many of New York's technology start-ups, disproportionately located in lower Manhattan, were hobbled when the lights went out and the storm washed ashore. After a week, they are preparing to boot back up.
 Costs Hobble Banks' Profits
Rising expenses are thwarting banks' attempts at belt-tightening, adding pressure on an industry struggling to find new ways to boost profits.

Financial Problems Hobble Wikileaks
WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange said financial problems could lead to the closure of the site at the end of this year.


Founder Says WikiLeaks, Starved of Cash, May Close

By JOHN F. BURNS
Julian Assange said a "financial blockade" had sharply reduced the donations on which his Web site depends.


 《中英對照讀新聞》U.S. intelligence sees global water conflict risks rising 美情報預見全球水資源衝突危機攀升
◎ 魏國金
Fresh water supplies are unlikely to keep up with global demand by 2040, increasing political instability, hobbling economic growth and endangering world food markets, according to a U.S. intelligence assessment released on Thursday.
根據週四公布的一份美國情報評估,至2040年時,淡水的供應不太可能跟上全球需求,因而增加政治不安定性、阻礙經濟成長,並危及全球糧食市場。
The report by the office of the Director of National Intelligence said that areas including South Asia, the Middle East and North Africa will face major challenges in coping with water problems that could hinder the ability to produce food and generate energy.
這份由國家情報首長辦公室發表的報告指出,包括南亞、中東與北非將在處理水資源問題上面臨重大挑戰,該問題恐阻礙糧食與能源的生產能力。
The report said that a "water war" was unlikely in the next 10 years, but that the risk of conflict would grow with global water demand likely to outstrip current sustainable supplies by 40 percent by 2030.
報告說,未來10年不太可能發生「水戰爭」,但至2030年時,全球水資源的需求恐超過當前可永續供應的40%,因此衝突的危機將成長。
"Beyond 10 years we did see the risk increasing," a senior U.S. intelligence official said. "It depends upon what individual states do and what actions are taken right now to work water management issues between states."
「超過10年後,我們真的看到這樣的危機增加,」一名美國高階情報官員說。「這端視個別國家要怎麼做,以及現在採取什麼行動,來處理各國之間水資源管理的議題。」
The report said that water in shared basins would increasingly be used by states to pressure their neighbors. "The use of water as a weapon or to further terrorist objectives also will become more likely," it said, noting that vulnerable water infrastructure was a tempting target. (Reuters)
報告說,共同流域的水資源將越加被有關國家用來施壓其鄰國。報告指出,「將水資源用為武器或用來助長恐怖份子的目的,也將變得更有可能」,該報告注意到,脆弱的水資源基礎設施是吸引人的攻擊目標。(路透)
新聞辭典
see︰動詞,在此指預見、預言。例句︰The oil-exporting states see huge benefit from it.(石油輸出國預見從中可獲巨利。)
keep up with︰片語,跟上、保持聯繫。例句︰My salary doesn’t keep up with inflation.(我的薪資跟不上通貨膨脹。)




hobble︰動詞,使跛行、束縛、阻礙。例句︰The president was hobbled by congressional resistance.(總統因國會的抵制而受掣肘。)


hobble

Pronunciation: /ˈhɒb(ə)l/
verb

  • 1 [no object, with adverbial of direction] walk in an awkward way, typically because of pain from an injury:he was hobbling around on crutches
  • [with object] cause (a person or animal) to limp:Johnson was still hobbled slightly by an ankle injury
  • 2 [with object] tie or strap together (the legs of a horse or other animal) to prevent it from straying.
    [variant of hopple]
  • restrict the activity or development of:the economy was hobbled by rising oil prices

noun

  • 1 [in singular] an awkward way of walking, typically due to pain from an injury:he finished the match almost reduced to a hobble
  • 2a rope or strap used for hobbling a horse or other animal.


Middle English: probably of Dutch or Low German origin and related to Dutch hobbelen 'rock from side to side'
hobble
[動](自)
1 足をひきずる[ひいて歩く].
2 ぎごちない, たどたどしい.
━━(他)
1 …に足をひきずらせる.
2 〈馬などを〉(遠くに行けないよう)両脚を縛る.
3 …の進行を妨害する[妨げる].
━━[名]
1 足をひきずること.
2 動物の脚を縛る縄[革ひも].
3 ((略式))障害物, 妨げる物;困ったこと.




lurch 1 

Pronunciation: /ləːtʃ/ 





VERB

[NO OBJECT, WITH ADVERBIAL]
Make an abruptunsteadyuncontrolled movement or series of movements; stagger:the car lurched forwardStuart lurched to his feetfigurative he was lurching from one crisis to the next

blockade,
  • [blɑkéid | blɔk-]
[名]
1 ((通例単数形))《軍事》(港・海岸などの)封鎖
impose a blockade
封鎖する
break [enforce] a blockade
封鎖を破る[強行する]
lift [raise] the blockade
封鎖を解く
run [get through] a blockade
封鎖をくぐる.
2 (進行・交通の)障害(物);((主に米))(氷雪などによる)不通.
━━[動](他)…を封鎖[妨害]する.
[BLOCK(妨害)+-ADE. △BARRICADE]









vulnerable

Translate vulnerable | into French | into German | into Italian | into Spanish
Definition of vulnerable
adjective

  • exposed to the possibility of being attacked or harmed, either physically or emotionally:we were in a vulnerable position small fish are vulnerable to predators
  • (of a person) in need of special care, support, or protection because of age, disability, or risk of abuse or neglect:the scheme will help charities working with vulnerable adults and young people
  • Bridge (of a partnership) liable to higher penalties, either by convention or through having won one game towards a rubber: the authors advise a variable no-trump opening bid which means weak non-vulnerable and strong vulnerable
Derivatives


vulnerability

Pronunciation: /-ˈbɪlɪti/

noun (plural vulnerabilities)

vulnerableness

noun

vulnerably

adverb

Origin:

early 17th century: from late Latin vulnerabilis, from Latin vulnerare 'to wound', from vulnus 'wound'

Spelling help

Remember that vulnerable is spelled with an l before the n.


"My Lord Chancellor, Mr Speaker, Mr Prime Minister, my Lords, and Members of the House of Commons:
"I have known few greater honours than the opportunity to address the Mother of Parliaments at Westminster Hall. I am told the last three speakers here have been the Pope, Her Majesty the Queen, and Nelson Mandela, which is either a very high bar or the beginning of a very funny joke.(JOB)

"I've come here today to reaffirm one of the oldest, one of the strongest alliances the world has ever known. It has long been said that the United States and the United Kingdom share a special relationship.

The high bar, also known as the horizontal bar, is an apparatus used by male gymnasts in Artistic Gymnastics. It consists of a cylindrical metal (typically steel) bar that is rigidly held above and parallel to the floor by a system of cables and stiff vertical supports. Gymnasts typically wear leather grips while performing on the bar.




羅馬詩人維吉爾(Virgil) 曾經以「被詛咒的饑渴」(The cursed thirst )來形容人對黃金永不滿足的貪婪,但哥倫布(Christopher Columbus)也高喊黃金可以「幫助靈魂進入天堂」(Lift souls up to paradise)。《黃金天下》這本書所描述的就是在被詛咒的饑渴和進入天堂的靈魂之間風起雲湧的黃金歲月」

free lift:片語,免費搭乘、搭便車。例句:The gunman said he wanted to have a free lift.(持槍男子表示想搭便車。)

Workers prepare a crane to lift a fishing boat that washed ashore at Kesennuma, Miyagi Prefecture. (Yoshinori Mizuno)



 The over pressure valves (OPVs) in the diving equipment could fail allowing the buoyancy compensator devices (BCDs) and the diver lift inflatable devices to leak, posing a drowning hazard to divers.
  • buoyancy 真人發音 [ˈbɔiənsi] DJ [ˈbɔɪənsɪ] KK
    • noun
      • 浮力
      • 輕鬆的心情
      • 價格回升,行情看好

  • buoyancy
    • Buoyancy is the ability that something has to float on a liquid or in the air.
    • Buoyancy is a person's ability to remain cheerful, even in sad or unpleasant situations.
    • Buoyancy is a feeling of cheerfulness.


      lift 
v., lift·ed, lift·ing, lifts.
v.tr.
    1. To direct or carry from a lower to a higher position; raise: lift one's eyes; lifted the suitcase.
    2. To transport by air: The helicopter lifted the entire team to the meet.
    1. To revoke by taking back; rescind: lifted the embargo.
    2. To bring an end to (a blockade or siege) by removing forces.
  1. To cease (artillery fire) in an area.
    1. To raise in condition, rank, or esteem.
    2. To uplift; elate: Your telephone call really lifted my spirits.
  2. To remove (plants) from the ground for transplanting.
  3. To project or sound in loud, clear tones: lifted their voices in song.
  4. Informal. To steal; pilfer: A thief lifted my wallet.
  5. Informal. To copy from something already published; plagiarize: lifted whole paragraphs from the encyclopedia.
  6. To pay off or clear (a debt or mortgage, for example).
  7. To perform cosmetic surgery on (the face, for example), especially in order to remove wrinkles or sagging skin.
    1. Sports. To hit (a golf ball) very high into the air.
    2. To pick up (a golf ball) to place it in a better lie.
    3. To shoot or flip (a puck) so that it rises sharply off the ice.
v.intr.
    1. To rise; ascend.
    2. To yield to upward pressure: These windows lift easily.
    1. To disappear or disperse by or as if by rising: By afternoon the smog had lifted.
    2. To stop temporarily: The rain lifted by morning.
  1. To become elevated; soar: Their spirits lifted when help came.
n.
  1. The act or process of rising or raising to a higher position.
  2. Power or force available for raising: the lift of a pump.
  3. An amount or a weight raised or capable of being raised at one time; a load.
    1. The extent or height to which something is raised or rises; the amount of elevation.
    2. The distance or space through which something is raised or rises.
  4. A rise or an elevation in the level of the ground.
  5. An elevation of the spirits: The good news gave us a lift.
  6. A raised, high, or erect position, as of a part of the body: the lift of his chin.
  7. A machine or device designed to pick up, raise, or carry something.
  8. One of the layers of leather, rubber, or other material making up the heel of a shoe.
  9. Chiefly British. A passenger or cargo elevator.
  10. A ride in a vehicle given to help someone reach a destination: gave my friend a lift into town.
  11. Assistance or help: gave her a lift with her heavy packages.
  12. A set of pumps used in a mine.
  13. The component of the total aerodynamic force acting on an airfoil or on an entire aircraft or winged missile perpendicular to the relative wind and normally exerted in an upward direction, opposing the pull of gravity.
phrasal verb:
lift off
  1. To begin flight: The spacecraft lifted off at noon.
idiom:
lift fire
  1. To increase the range of artillery fire by elevating the muzzle of a piece.
[Middle English liften, from Old Norse lypta.]
liftable lift'a·ble adj.
lifter lift'er n.
SYNONYMS lift, raise, elevate, hoist, heave, boost. These verbs mean to move something from a lower to a higher level or position. Lift sometimes stresses the expenditure of effort: a trunk too heavy to lift. Raise often implies movement to an approximately vertical position: raised my hand so I could ask a question. Elevate is sometimes synonymous with the preceding terms (elevated his sprained ankle), but it more often suggests exalting, ennobling, or raising morally or intellectually: "A generous and elevated mind is distinguished by nothing more certainly than an eminent degree of curiosity" (Samuel Johnson). Hoist is applied principally to the lifting of heavy objects, often by mechanical means: hoist a sunken ship. To heave is to lift or raise with great effort or force: heaved the pack onto his back. Boost suggests upward movement effected by or as if by pushing from below: boosted the child into the saddle. See also synonyms at steal.Picture of Recalled buoyancy compensator devices (BCDs)

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