2014年12月11日 星期四

magic-lantern,wisp, foxfire, friar's lantern, will-o'-the-wisp, hive



A magic-lantern show in Paris: learn more about this‪#‎WitchesAndWickedBodies‬ print on Tumblr http://ow.ly/FFFvz



投影機往事(三):從OHP到Pocket Projectors


讀MIT 的 TechnologyReview (October 2004),其中Innovation News 有 Charles Q. Choi 的口袋型投影機的報導。(如後文所附)
這PROJECTOR在西洋有「悠久」的歷史,所以Webster's 1913 Dictionary 中的解釋為:

\Pro*jec"tor\, n.
An optical instrument for projecting a picture upon a screen,
as by a magic lantern or by an instrument for projecting (by
reflection instead of transmission of light) a picture of an
opaque object, as photographs, picture post-cards, insects,
etc., in the colors of the object itself. In this latter form
the projection is accomplished by means of a combination of
lenses with a prism and a mirror or reflector. Specific
instruments have been called by different names, such as
{radiopticon}, {mirrorscope}, {balopticon}, etc.


\Pro*ject"or\, n. [Cf. F. projeteur.]
One who projects a scheme or design; hence, one who forms
fanciful or chimerical schemes. --L'Estrange. 1.【人】 計畫者,設計者 /2. 【人】 (投機公司的)發起人

不過,我不勝任這類科技史。我們只談一20世紀新字。OHP,我們現在常用的投影機:
overhead projector noun [C] (ABBREVIATION OHP)
a device which makes large images from a flat transparent sheet and shows them on a white screen or wall
(from Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary)

/3. 【物】 探照燈 /4. 【物】 放映機 /5. 【物】 幻燈機 /6. 【物】 【數】 投影線

我不知道OHP那年發明的。不過J. M. Juran 在1964年到日本上課帶一部去,可能是日本第一部。他上完課就送給日本。
我也想像不出台灣1970s年代使用情形。末期才開始流行。80年代我常客串企管上課,所以準備了許多的投影片,包括太太幫我作些採色的。我1982在台灣工研院電子所的一場日本人唐 津一的演講,看到他使用彩色IC線路投影片。90年代初在日本看到彩色複印/投影片很普遍。1996年創業買一部。接下來LCD投影機開始流行,90年代末據說(重點)國立大學的老師幾乎一人一部。
2002年春,我去鹿港的寶成工業公司Nike事業不上課,找不到OHP了。台灣開始製/賣 LCD Projector.

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Imagine that your mobile phone or PDA had a display the size of a laptop's but still fit snugly in your pocket. Hardware engineers at several companies are working on miniature video projectors that promise just that. Using projection, "you can make an image larger than the size of the device you carry," says research scientist Ramesh Raskar of the Mitsubishi Electric Research Laboratories in Cambridge, MA.

Key to the new projectors are lights small enough to squeeze into a PDA-sized gadget but bright enough to display crisp images. Lumileds Lighting in San Jose, CA, has built a prototype projector roughly the size of a pocket camera that employs small, powerful light-emitting diodes (LEDs) to throw an image the size and brightness of a laptop's screen onto any white surface. The Mitsubishi lab is using LEDs to build an even smaller projector, about the length and width of a credit card.

The first pocket-sized projectors, available within the next three years, will probably be stand-alone accessories priced at $300 to $900, the companies predict, but the ultimate goal is to fit them inside handhelds. And with camera phone owners snapping photos by the thousands—manufacturers will ship an estimated 800 million camera phones by 2007—a built-in projector that displays photos in larger formats could be a big draw for cellular customers.

Beyond that, says Adrian Cable, director of Light Blue Optics, a spinoff of the University of Cambridge in England that is developing a holographic miniprojector, "You can imagine a video analogue of the iPod that you could download DVDs into" and use as a portable cinema projector. And that would be infinitely cooler than a pocket laser pointer.
 





The Google Ogle Defense: A Search for America's Psyche 
Question: Do you think your Google habits -- your random, untethered wisps of thoughts manifested as search terms like "unexplained hives" and "Kate Beckinsale single?" -- can be bundled together to paint an accurate representation of your morality?



Shiba Ryotaro, A Wisp of Cloud (Saka no Ue no Kumo),

Definition of wisp

noun

  • a small thin or twisted bunch, piece, or amount of something:wisps of smoke rose into the air
  • a small bunch of hay or straw used for drying or grooming a horse.
  • a small thin person, typically a child:a fourteen-year-old wisp of a girl

Origin:

Middle English: origin uncertain; perhaps related to whisk

Word of the Day:
friar's lantern (FRY-uhrz LAN-tuhrn)

noun
A phosphorescent light seen over marshy ground at night, caused by spontaneous combustion of gases emitted by decomposing organic matter. A synonym is foxfire (not Firefox), especially for luminescence produced by fungi.

Etymology
The first use of the term is in John Milton's 1632 poem L'Allegro: "She was pinched and pulled, she said; / And he, by Friar's lantern led."]

Usage
"Question: What do you get when you cross a firefly with a tobacco plant. Answer: A cigarette that lights itself. The joke quickly made the rounds after a group of genetic engineers in California earlier this month announced that they had transferred into the cells of a tobacco plant the gene that causes a firefly to glow. The tobacco plant seems to rise out of the page like a will-o'-the-wisp or friar's lantern." — Chet Raymo; A Tale of a Firefly and a Tobacco Leaf; The Boston Globe; Nov 24, 1986.

fóxfìre[fóx・fìre]

[名]((米))狐火(きつねび):特に枯れ木に生じる菌類の発する燐光(りんこう).
will-o'-the-wisp (noun) A pale light sometimes seen at night over marshy ground.
Synonyms:friar's lantern, ignis fatuus, jack-o'-lantern
Usage:The white face of a dying man seemed suddenly to have floated up out of the darkness, to have come to him like a will-o'-the-wisp from the swamp.


That isolation allowed von Thnen to spend prodigious energies on the
attempt to discover the formula for a God-given fair wage, a
will-of-the-wisp that he asked to have engraved on his tombstone√ap.
(George J  Stigler, pp.86-7)
這種孤立讓馮屠能耗去甚多寶貴精力去發現所謂由上帝賜予之公平工
資的計算公式√ap.。(頁140) 」

評:prodigious似宜翻譯為「驚人/巨大的」。上文少翻譯了這一字/詞will-o'-the-wisp這樣會讀者無法知道作者對這「上帝之賜」之公式的評價:「不過類似野狐禪罷了!」至於這所謂「自然工資」的導法和意義,可參考{新帕爾格雷夫經濟學大詞典}之Thnen 條項(北京:經濟科學,1996)。
【我們可以談一下學術的傳承。這一例中,顯示約150多年前西方就有這種微分應用,所以類似W. Edwards Deming他們找”進料和最終成品的最低總測試成本之計畫”(Plan for Minimum Total Cost for Test of Incoming Materials and Final Product){轉危為安 (Out of the Crisis)} 中文施姓編者竟然將它改成:「便宜好用的測試」…………】

Definition of hive

noun

  • 1a beehive.
  • the bees in a hive.
  • a thing that has the domed shape of a beehive.
  • 2a place in which people are busily occupied:the kitchen became a hive of activity

verb

[with object]
  • place (bees) in a hive.
  • [no object] (of bees) enter a hive.

Phrasal Verbs



hive something off

chiefly British (especially in business) separate something from a larger group or organization, especially from public to private ownership:the weekly magazine hived off by the BBC

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