2016年1月5日 星期二

stultify, downmarket, Hindu, Hinduism, Atman, Brahman, Śruti, smṛti

" It is somehow accepted that ITV is a downmarket, stultifyingly cautious broadcaster – as if it has always been thus, as inevitable as the weather. Well it isn’t and it wasn’t. It was done consciously, and a small number of people became extremely rich as a result. I know; I was there. I watched it happen. And this is the fate that awaits Channel 4 if we allow the privatisation to go ahead."

I was making programmes for ITV when it was sold. Look what happened: short-term profits became the only goal and standards collapsed
THEGUARDIAN.COM|由 PETER KOSMINSKY 上傳



 Doris Lessing, Author Who Swept Aside Convention, Is Dead at 94

By HELEN T. VERONGOS

Ms. Lessing was an uninhibited and outspoken novelist who produced dozens of novels, short stories, essays and poems, embarking on dizzying and at times stultifying literary experiments.

 How did you study religion? Through texts?

Ang Le: Yeah, texts. I’m not like Pi, practicing all the religions [laughs]. I talked to people, to the faithful. Particularly India, the Hindus I’m not familiar with, so I had to get into it. Visiting temples.

downmarket

daʊnˈmɑːkɪt,ˈdaʊn-/
adjective & adverb
BRITISH
  1. towards or relating to the cheaper or less prestigious sector of the market.
    "an interview for the downmarket tabloids"

 Hindu (About this sound pronunciation) refers to an identity associated with the philosophical, religious and cultural systems that are indigenous to the Indian subcontinent. As used in the Constitution of India, the word "Hindu" is attributed to all persons professing any Indian religion (i.e. Hinduism, Jainism,Buddhism or Sikhism).[1] In common use today, it refers to an adherent of Hinduism.


Śruti

Literally “that which is heard,” Śruti is revelation, or the highest form of sacred text, for Hindus (See Hinduism entries). The Vedas (See Vedas) are Śruti, while other important texts are merely smṛti—still sacred but only “remembered” and therefore corrupted by the human element rather than transmitted directly from the divine source. The Mahābhārata (See Mahābhārata), for instance, is smṛti.
***by RL
Shruti
兩種可能
स्रुति (sruti)
意思:小路;道路
श्रुति (śruti)
意思:聽;傾聽;音響;噪音等。
smriti
正式應該寫作स्मृति (smṛti)
意思:與記憶或想起來相關的用法,例如,紀念;憶念
****
Brah·man (brä'mən) pronunciation
n.
  1. also Brah·ma (-mə) Hinduism.
    1. A religious formula or prayer and the holy or sacred power in it and in the officiating priest.
    2. The holy or sacred power that is the source and sustainer of the universe.
    3. The single absolute being pervading the universe and found within the individual; atman.
  2. also Brahmin (-mĭn) A member of the highest of the four major castes of traditional Indian society, responsible for officiating at religious rites and studying and teaching the Vedas.
  3. also Brah·ma (-mə) or Brah·min (-mĭn) One of a breed of domestic cattle developed in the southern United States from stock originating in India and having a hump between the shoulders and a pendulous dewlap. Well adapted to hot climates, it is used chiefly for crossbreeding.
adj.
also Brahmin (-mĭn) Of or relating to the caste of Brahmans.

[Sanskrit brahma, brahman-. Senses 2 and 3, from Sanskrit brāhmaṇa-, Brahmanic, from brahmā, brahmaṇ-, Brahman. See Brahma1.]
Brahmanic Brah·man'ic (-măn'ĭk) or Brah·man'i·cal adj.



But Hotspur's summary has a final clause: time must have a stop. And not only must, as a prophecy or an ethical imperative, but also does have a stop, in the present indicative tense and as a matter of brute empirical experience, here and now, for all who so desire. It is only by taking the fact of eternity into account that we can deliver thought from its slavery to life. And it is only by deliberately paying our attention and our primary allegiance to eternity that we can prevent time from turning our lives into a pointless or diabolic foolery. Brahman, the Ground, the Clear Light of the Void, the Kingdom of God are all one timeless reality. Seek it first, and all the rest- from an adequate philosophy to a release from the compulsion to stultify and destroy ourselves-will be added. Or, to put the matter in Shakespearean language, if we cease to be "most ignorant" of what we are "most assured, our glassy essence"-the indwelling spirit, the principle of our being, the Atman-then we shall be other than that dreadful caricature of humanity who like an angry ape, Plays such fantastic tricks before high heaven
As make the angels weep.






Atman
n.
Hinduism
  1. The individual soul or essence.
  2. Atman The essence that is eternal, unchanging, and indistinguishable from the essence of the universe.(Brahman)
[Sanskrit ātman, breath, spirit.]




stultify

Pronunciation: /ˈstʌltɪfʌɪ/

verb (stultifies, stultifying, stultified)

[with object]
  • 1 (usually as adjective stultifying) cause to lose enthusiasm and initiative, especially as a result of a tedious or restrictive routine:the stultifying conformity of provincial life
  • cause (someone) to appear foolish or absurd.

Derivatives



stultification


Pronunciation: /-fɪˈkeɪʃ(ə)n/
noun


stultifier

noun


stultifyingly

adverb

Origin:

mid 18th century: from late Latin stultificare, from Latin stultus 'foolish'

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