2017年12月2日 星期六

gross, grossing, awfully, absorbedly, engross, engrossing, grossness

“Wolf Warrior 2”, a film about a Chinese soldier in Africa who saves hundreds of people from wicked Americans, had standing ovations from cinema goers. And it has grossed $870mn

'Your Name.' becomes No. 1 grossing Japanese film in China

Obama's Dalai Lama chat irks China
US President Barack Obama hosts the exiled Tibetan spiritual leader the Dalai Lama, a move denounced by China as "gross interference".

 Unblinking, rather like a great porcelain idol, U Po Kyin gazed out into the fierce sunlight. He was a man of fifty, so fat that for years he had not risen from his chair without help, and yet shapely and even beautiful in his grossness; for the Burmese do not sag and bulge like white men, but grow fat symmetrically, like fruits swelling.

 No writer is better placed than Chinua Achebe to tell the story of the Nigerian Biafran war from a cultural and political perspective. Yet, apart from an interview with Transition magazine in 1968 and a book of Biafran poems, Nigeria's most eminent novelist has kept a literary silence about the civil war in which he played a prominent role – until now. In his engrossing new memoir, There Was A Country, Achebe, now 81, finally speaks about his life during the conflict that nearly tore Nigeria apart in the late 60s.

She listened absorbedly.

a awfully nice man, and I like him awfully.


IN BRIEF: In a terrible way. Very, extremely.

pronunciation It was awfully cold in Buffalo, New York.

ab·sorb (əb-sôrb', -zôrb') pronunciation
tr.v., -sorbed, -sorb·ing, -sorbs.
  1. To take (something) in through or as through pores or interstices.
  2. To occupy the full attention, interest, or time of; engross. See synonyms at monopolize.
  3. To retain (radiation or sound, for example) wholly, without reflection or transmission.
  4. To take in; assimilate: immigrants who were absorbed into the social mainstream.
  5. To learn; acquire: "Matisse absorbed the lesson and added to it a new language of color" (Peter Plagen).
  6. To receive (an impulse) without echo or recoil: a fabric that absorbs sound; a bumper that absorbs impact.
  7. To assume or pay for (a cost or costs).
  8. To endure; accommodate: couldn't absorb the additional hardships.
  9. To use up; consume: The project has absorbed all of our department's resources.
[Middle English, to swallow up, from Old French absorber, from Latin absorbēre : ab-, away; see ab-1 + sorbēre, to suck.]
absorbability ab·sorb'a·bil'i·ty n.
absorbable ab·sorb'a·ble adj.
absorbedly ab·sorb'ed·ly adv.
absorber ab·sorb'er n.
absorbingly ab·sorb'ing·ly adv.

Author Lindsay Ashford moved to Austen’s village of Chawton three years ago. She soon became engrossed in old volumes of Austen’s letters, and one morning spotted a sentence Austen wrote just a few months before she died:"I am considerably better now and am recovering my looks a little, which have been bad enough, black and white and every wrong colour."
Having researched modern forensic techniques and poisons for her crime novels, Ashford immediately realised the symptoms could be ascribed to arsenic poisoning, which can cause "raindrop" pigmentation, where patches of skin go brown or black, and other areas go white.
Professor Janet Todd, editor for the Cambridge edition of Jane Austen, said that murder was implausible. "I doubt very much she would have been poisoned intentionally. I think it’s very unlikely. But the possibility she had arsenic for rheumatism, say, is quite likely."

engross:動詞,使人全神貫注、吸引。例句:He’s engrossed in his work.(他專心工作。)
Definition of engross

[with object]
  • 1 (often be engrossed in) absorb all the attention or interest of:they seemed to be engrossed in conversation the notes totally engrossed him (as adjective engrossing)the most engrossing parts of the book
  • archaic gain or keep exclusive possession of: the country had made the best of its position to engross trade
  • 2 Law produce (a legal document, especially a deed or statute) in its final form: the solicitors will submit a draft conveyance and engross the same after approval


late Middle English (formerly also as ingross): based on en-1, in-2 'in' + late Latin grossus 'large'. Sense 1 is from Old French en gros, from medieval Latin in grosso 'wholesale'; sense 2 comes from Anglo-Norman French engrosser, medieval Latin ingrossare, from Old French grosse, medieval Latin grossa 'large writing', with reference to clerks writing out documents in large, clear writing


  • 発音記号[ingróusiŋ]
1 〈物・事が〉心を奪う, 夢中にする.
2 (市場などを)独占している.


Syllabification: gross



[with object] 
  • produce or earn (an amount of money) as gross profit or income: the film went on to gross $8 million in the U.S.


  • 2
    (plural grosses) a gross profit or income: the box-office grosses mounted1
    (plural same) an amount equal to twelve dozen; 144: fifty-five gross of tins of processed milk
    [From French grosse douzaine, literally 'large dozen']


by the gross

in large numbers or amounts: impoverished Mexicans who were arrested here by the gross

Phrasal verbs

gross someone out
North American informal disgust someone, typically with repulsive or obscene behavior or appearance.



[as submodifier]: Freda was grossly overweight




Middle English (in the sense 'thick, massive, bulky'): from Old French gros, grosse 'large', from late Latin grossus.