2016年12月19日 星期一

gross, grossing, awfully, absorbedly, engross, engrossing, grossness

'Your Name.' becomes No. 1 grossing Japanese film in China


Obama's Dalai Lama chat irks China
US President Barack Obama hosts the exiled Tibetan spiritual leader the Dalai Lama, a move denounced by China as "gross interference".
她警告說,中國視美國領導人會晤達賴喇嘛為「對中國內政的粗暴干涉」,稱這一舉動將「嚴重損害中美關係」。

 Unblinking, rather like a great porcelain idol, U Po Kyin gazed out into the fierce sunlight. He was a man of fifty, so fat that for years he had not risen from his chair without help, and yet shapely and even beautiful in his grossness; for the Burmese do not sag and bulge like white men, but grow fat symmetrically, like fruits swelling.


 No writer is better placed than Chinua Achebe to tell the story of the Nigerian Biafran war from a cultural and political perspective. Yet, apart from an interview with Transition magazine in 1968 and a book of Biafran poems, Nigeria's most eminent novelist has kept a literary silence about the civil war in which he played a prominent role – until now. In his engrossing new memoir, There Was A Country, Achebe, now 81, finally speaks about his life during the conflict that nearly tore Nigeria apart in the late 60s.


She listened absorbedly.

a awfully nice man, and I like him awfully.

awfully
pronunciation

IN BRIEF: In a terrible way. Very, extremely.

pronunciation It was awfully cold in Buffalo, New York.


ab·sorb (əb-sôrb', -zôrb') pronunciation
tr.v., -sorbed, -sorb·ing, -sorbs.
  1. To take (something) in through or as through pores or interstices.
  2. To occupy the full attention, interest, or time of; engross. See synonyms at monopolize.
  3. To retain (radiation or sound, for example) wholly, without reflection or transmission.
  4. To take in; assimilate: immigrants who were absorbed into the social mainstream.
  5. To learn; acquire: "Matisse absorbed the lesson and added to it a new language of color" (Peter Plagen).
  6. To receive (an impulse) without echo or recoil: a fabric that absorbs sound; a bumper that absorbs impact.
  7. To assume or pay for (a cost or costs).
  8. To endure; accommodate: couldn't absorb the additional hardships.
  9. To use up; consume: The project has absorbed all of our department's resources.
[Middle English, to swallow up, from Old French absorber, from Latin absorbēre : ab-, away; see ab-1 + sorbēre, to suck.]
absorbability ab·sorb'a·bil'i·ty n.
absorbable ab·sorb'a·ble adj.
absorbedly ab·sorb'ed·ly adv.
absorber ab·sorb'er n.
absorbingly ab·sorb'ing·ly adv.

Author Lindsay Ashford moved to Austen’s village of Chawton three years ago. She soon became engrossed in old volumes of Austen’s letters, and one morning spotted a sentence Austen wrote just a few months before she died:"I am considerably better now and am recovering my looks a little, which have been bad enough, black and white and every wrong colour."
作家琳賽艾希佛德3年前搬到奧斯汀住的小鎮喬頓。奧斯汀大量的舊信件馬上就讓她沉迷其中,有一天早上,她發現奧斯汀在生前幾個月寫的一句話:「我現在好多了,外貌也稍微恢復。之前狀況很糟,又黑又白的,什麼不該出現的顏色都出現了。」
Having researched modern forensic techniques and poisons for her crime novels, Ashford immediately realised the symptoms could be ascribed to arsenic poisoning, which can cause "raindrop" pigmentation, where patches of skin go brown or black, and other areas go white.
艾希佛德為了自己的犯罪小說研究過現代法醫技術與毒藥,立刻發現奧斯汀的症狀可歸因於砒霜中毒,導致「雨滴」般的色素狀病變,讓皮膚有的呈現塊狀的褐色或黑色,有的則是白色。
Professor Janet Todd, editor for the Cambridge edition of Jane Austen, said that murder was implausible. "I doubt very much she would have been poisoned intentionally. I think it’s very unlikely. But the possibility she had arsenic for rheumatism, say, is quite likely."
劍橋版奧斯汀小說集的編輯珍娜陶德表示,珍奧斯汀的死因若是謀殺不太合理。「我非常懷疑她是遭人蓄意毒殺,我覺得這不太可能。不過她如果因為風濕而服用砒霜,可能性就很大。」

新聞辭典
engross:動詞,使人全神貫注、吸引。例句:He’s engrossed in his work.(他專心工作。)
Definition of engross
verb

[with object]
  • 1 (often be engrossed in) absorb all the attention or interest of:they seemed to be engrossed in conversation the notes totally engrossed him (as adjective engrossing)the most engrossing parts of the book
  • archaic gain or keep exclusive possession of: the country had made the best of its position to engross trade
  • 2 Law produce (a legal document, especially a deed or statute) in its final form: the solicitors will submit a draft conveyance and engross the same after approval




Derivatives





engrossingly

adverb

Origin:

late Middle English (formerly also as ingross): based on en-1, in-2 'in' + late Latin grossus 'large'. Sense 1 is from Old French en gros, from medieval Latin in grosso 'wholesale'; sense 2 comes from Anglo-Norman French engrosser, medieval Latin ingrossare, from Old French grosse, medieval Latin grossa 'large writing', with reference to clerks writing out documents in large, clear writing

engrossing[en・gross・ing]

  • 発音記号[ingróusiŋ]
[形]
1 〈物・事が〉心を奪う, 夢中にする.
2 (市場などを)独占している.
en・gross・ing・ly
[副]

gross

Syllabification: gross


adjective

adverb

verb

[with object] 

noun


  • 2
    (plural grosses) a gross profit or income: the box-office grosses mounted1
    (plural same) an amount equal to twelve dozen; 144: fifty-five gross of tins of processed milk
    [From French grosse douzaine, literally 'large dozen']

Phrases



by the gross

in large numbers or amounts: impoverished Mexicans who were arrested here by the gross

Phrasal verbs



gross someone out

North American informal disgust someone, typically with repulsive or obscene behavior or appearance.

Derivatives



grossly

adverb
[as submodifier]: Freda was grossly overweight

Origin

Middle English (in the sense 'thick, massive, bulky'): from Old French gros, grosse 'large', from late Latin grossus.


grossness
[名][U]はなはだしさ;粗野;過大;愚鈍.

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