2015年11月14日 星期六

qui vive, dart, hurl, valedictory, railgun, folk hero

America’s navy is trading explosives for electricity and working on a railgun, a weapon designed to hurl shells at seven times the speed of sound
Passengers on a Lufthansa flight from Munich to Lisbon were hurled from
their seats and 14 were injured when the airplane hit unexpected
turbulence over the Alps and had to land in Switzerland.



BAGHDAD — President Bush made a valedictory visit on Sunday to Iraq, the country that will largely define his legacy, but the trip will more likely be remembered for the unscripted moment when an Iraqi journalist hurled his shoes at Mr. Bush’s head and denounced him on live television as a “dog” who had delivered death and sorrow here from nearly six years of war.



folk hero
Shoe-Hurling Iraqi Becomes a Folk Hero
The Iraqi journalist who threw shoes at President Bush has stirred emotions across the Arab world.


folk


  
━━ n. (普通pl.) ((複数扱い)) 人々; 〔古〕 民族; 〔話〕 (pl.) 家族, 親族; 〔話〕 =folk music; (pl.) みんな.
━━ a. 民衆の; 民族の; 民族音楽[フォーク]の.
 folk dance フォークダンス(の曲).
 folk etymology 通俗語源(説).
 folk hero 民衆的英雄.
 folk・lore
 ━━ n. 民間伝承; 民俗学.
folk・lor・ist n. 民俗学者.
 folk medicine 民間薬.
 folk music 民俗音楽; フォーク(音楽).
 folk rockfolk-rock 【楽】フォーク・ロック.
 folk singer 民謡歌手; フォーク歌手.
 folk song フォークソング.
 folk story =folktale.
 folk・sy ━━ a. 親しみやすい; 気どらない.
 folk・tale 民間説話.
 folk・way (普通pl.) 習俗.

val・e・dic・to・ry



━━ a. 告別の.
━━ n. 〔米〕 (卒業生総代の)ことば.
val・e・dic・to・ri・an
 ━━ n. 卒業生総代.

qui vive

(kē vēv') pronunciationn.
A sentinel's challenge.
idiom:
on the qui vive
  1. On the alert; vigilant: “a loathsome Dublin politico who is on the qui vive for . . . terrorists” (Julian Moynahan).
[French, (long) live who? (a sentry's challenge to determine a person's political sympathies) : qui, who + vive, third person sing. present subjunctive of vivre, to live.]
ui vive [ kiː 'viːv; ki`viv ]
(哨兵的查問口令)誰(在走動)?
(italics) French. who goes there?
Source: Tzu Sun: « The Art of War » XI The Nine Situations
25. Thus, without waiting to be marshaled, the soldiers will be constantly on the qui vive; without waiting to be asked, they will do your will; without restrictions, they will be faithful; without giving orders, they can be trusted.

孫子兵法:《九地篇》
二十五:是故,其兵不修而戒,不求而得,不約而親,不令而信。


Source: George Eliot: « Middlemarch » Chapter LX
When he was under an irritating impression of this kind he would go about for days with a defiant look, the color changing in his transparent skin as if he were on the qui vive, watching for something which he had to dart upon.

RL 英法聯軍
dart (MOVE QUICKLY) [Show phonetics]
verb
[I + adverb or preposition]
1 to move quickly or suddenly: I darted behind the sofa and hid.2 dart a glance/look at sb to look quickly at someone:She darted an angry look at me and I shut up.
dart [Show phonetics]
noun
[C usually singular]
We made a dart for (= moved quickly towards) the exit.
\Dart\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Darted}; p. pr. & vb. n.
{Darting}.]
1. To throw with a sudden effort or thrust, as a dart or
other missile weapon; to hurl or launch.
2. To throw suddenly or rapidly; to send forth; to emit; to
shoot; as, the sun darts forth his beams.
Or what ill eyes malignant glances dart? --Pope.
\Dart\, v. i.
1. To fly or pass swiftly, as a dart.
2. To start and run with velocity; to shoot rapidly along;
as, the deer darted from the thicket.



hurl

━━ vt., n. 投げつける(こと); 投擲(てき); (悪口を)浴びせる(こと) ((at)); ((~ oneselfで)) 身を投げつける.
━━ vi. 〔話〕 【野】投球する.
hurl・er ━━ n. 投げる人; 〔話〕 【野】投手 (a ~er derby ハーラーダービー).
hurl・ing ━━ n. 投げること; ハーリング ((アイルランドのホッケーに似た球技)).

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