2016年9月17日 星期六

inner circle, gird, undergird, empty, gird yourself, grilling, buckling

Trump’s Empire Girded With $885 Million in Tax Breaks

Donald J. Trump has relied on the government and taxpayers to benefit the core of his Manhattan real estate developments.

Money-Laundering Probe Touches Putin Inner Circle4

Wary of North Korea, Japan Puts Missile Defense in Tokyo
New York Times
TOKYO — The Japanese Army set up a battery of interceptor missiles on the grounds of the Defense Ministry in central Tokyo on Tuesday, as the nation girded itself for a possible missile test by North Korea, maybe as soon as this week.

More Weather Extremes Leave Parts of U.S. Grid Buckling
From highways to power plants, the concrete, steel and engineering that undergird the nation’s infrastructure are being dangerously taxed by heat, drought and storms.

Google Girds for a Grilling
Wall Street Journal
By THOMAS CATAN and AMIR EFRATI Google Inc. is taking no chances as its executive chairman, Eric Schmidt, prepares to face a Senate hearing Wednesday on whether the company is abusing its dominance in Internet search. Associated Press Bill Gates ...H-P Girds for Battle
Friday will be a key test for Hewlett-Packard as it aims to launch its first tablet computer to rival Apple's iPad.

Tension Rises in Iran as Both Sides Gird for Demonstration

Torn between conciliation and an ever-greater risk of reprisals and possible bloodshed, the opposition movement in Iran seemed to reach a pivotal phase Saturday.
POLITICS AND POLICY Internet Providers Gird for FCC Fight
Cable and phone companies are gearing up for a fight as the FCC starts work on a strategy for delivering Internet service to homes.

It’s a Fashionista War: Wear Armor
“Stylista,” which begins on Wednesday on CW, may even surpass “The Devil Wears Prada” as a treatise on the empty ambition and distaste for civility that girds so much of the fashion world.

Some analysts are girding for a third-quarter loss of $1.8 billion or more from U.S. investment bank Lehman Brothers, instead of the modest profit they had previously expected, according to The Wall Street Journal.

They couldn't find either. And it is this melancholy failure of the balance of trade that leads to the under girding, as it were, of the opium business in China. Opium started to be sold by British traders and later by American traders to the Chinese because the West simply could not find enough products to attract the Chinese in a sort of barter exchange at the time.

undergird To support or strengthen from beneath.

un·der·gird Listen to the pronunciation of undergird


transitive verb
1archaic : to make secure underneath

took measures to undergird the ship — Acts 27:17(Revised Standard Version)
2: to form the basis or foundation of : strengthen, support
facts and statistics subtly undergird his commentary — Susan Q. Stranahan

v., gird·ed or girt (gûrt), gird·ing, girds. v.tr.
    1. To encircle with a belt or band.
    2. To fasten or secure (clothing, for example) with a belt or band.
    3. To surround. See synonyms at surround.
  1. To equip or endow.
  2. To prepare (oneself) for action.
To prepare for action: “Men still spoke of peace but girded more sternly for war” (W. Bruce Lincoln).
[R] The knights girded themselves for battle (= put on their swords and fighting clothes).

gird yourself (ALSO gird (up) your loins) LITERARY OR HUMOROUS
to get ready to do something or deal with something:
We girded ourselves for the fray (= prepared for action or trouble).
Europe's finest golfers are girding their loins for the challenge of the Ryder Cup.

gird (up) (one's) loins
  1. To summon up one's inner resources in preparation for action.
注意 諸如 "大陸英漢辭典" 在 gird和 loin兩字對此的翻譯是"不一致的"
[Middle English girden, from Old English gyrdan.]
gird  (verb) Prepare oneself for a military confrontation.
Synonyms:arm, build up, fortify
Usage:They are girding themselves for battle against a new enemy.
━━ vt. (〜ed, girt) 腰に巻く, 帯で締める ((with, up)); 身に着ける ((on)); (権力などを)与える ((with)); 囲む ((with)).
gird oneself / gird (up) one's loins しっかり帯を締める[準備する] ((for)).
gird up 〔雅〕 衣服を腰までまくる[まくって帯で留める].

adj., -ti·er, -ti·est.
    1. Holding or containing nothing.
    2. Mathematics. Having no elements or members; null: an empty set.
  1. Having no occupants or inhabitants; vacant: an empty chair; empty desert.
  2. Lacking force or power: an empty threat.
  3. Lacking purpose or substance; meaningless: an empty life.
  4. Not put to use; idle: empty hours.
  5. Needing nourishment; hungry: “More fierce and more inexorable far/Than empty tigers or the roaring sea” (Shakespeare).
  6. Devoid; destitute: empty of pity.

v., -tied, -ty·ing, -ties. v.tr.
  1. To remove the contents of: emptied the dishwasher.
  2. To transfer or pour off completely: empty the ashes into a pail.
  3. To unburden; relieve: empty oneself of doubt.
  1. To become empty: The theater emptied after the performance.
  2. To discharge its contents: The river empties into a bay.
n. Informal., pl. -ties.
An empty container.
[Middle English, from Old English ǣmtig, vacant, unoccupied, from ǣmetta, leisure.]
emptily emp'ti·ly adv.
emptiness emp'ti·ness n.
SYNONYMS empty, vacant, blank, void, vacuous, bare, barren. These adjectives mean without contents that could or should be present.
Empty applies to what is wholly lacking contents or substance: an empty room; empty promises.
Vacant refers to what is without an occupant or incumbent, or to what is without intelligence or thought: a vacant auditorium; a vacant stare.
Blank stresses the absence of something, especially on a surface, that would convey meaning or content: blank pages.
Void applies to what is free from or completely destitute of discernible content: gibberish void of all meaning.
Vacuous describes what is as devoid of substance as a vacuum is: led a vacuous life.
Something that is bare lacks surface covering (a bare head) or detail (the bare facts); the word also denotes the condition of being stripped of contents or furnishings: a bare closet.
Barren literally and figuratively stresses lack of productivity: barren land; writing barren of insight.
See also synonyms at vain.


  • 発音記号[bʌ'kl]
1 (ベルト・革帯などの)締め金具, 留め金, バックル;(靴の)飾り留め金.
2 (熱・圧力による板金などの)ゆがみ, ねじれ.
1 …を留め金で留める, 締め金で締める((on, up, together))
buckle (up) one's belt
2 …を(熱・圧力を加えて)曲げる, たわめる, ねじる, 縮ませる;ねじ込む((into)).
3 ((〜 -self))(行動するために)用意する, (仕事に)身を入れる((to ...)).
1 〈ベルト・靴などが〉留め金で留まる[締まる];締め金を締める
buckle up
2 (仕事の)用意をする, 身を入れる;力を合わせて(事に)あたる((down/to ...)).
3 (薄くて長いものが)曲がる, そる;くずれる
Worn linoleum buckled up from the floor.
4 (…に)屈服[降参]する, 譲る((under/to, under ...)).
buckle to
((英))仕事にまじめに取りかかる, 一生懸命にやる.
▼toは副詞で 〔tú〕 と発音.
[中フランス語←ラテン語buccula (buccaほお+-ula 指小辞). 原義「かぶとのひも←小さいほお」]