2017年8月9日 星期三

terroir, lob, grenade, pomegranate, aggro, twill.appellation, lobes and ganglia, ganglion

As Leaders Lob Threats, Others Try to Ease the Rising Tension

  • While President Trump and Kim Jong-un of North Korea spoke in war terms, top officials told Americans that they could “sleep well at night” and urged North Korea to “stand down.”
  • Allies like Japan and South Korea were caught off guard by Mr. Trump’s threat of “fire and fury,” and analysts reported deep anxiety in the region over the escalating war of words.

Boy, 8, killed in grenade attack on apartment in Sweden - BBC News
An eight-year-old boy dies after a grenade was thrown into a flat in the…
BBC.COM

This morning police in Switzerland swooped on a Zurich hotel in a dawn raid and arrested seven of FIFA’s officials on suspicion of receiving bribes and kickbacks totalling more than $100m. The FBI has been probing FIFA’s shenanigans since 2011. America deserves a pat on the back for lobbing a legal grenade into an organisation that has got away with too much for too long http://econ.st/1cir7QJ


Officials in world football's governing body have been arrested, at American instigation, on charges of corruption
ECON.ST




And the most extraordinary aspect of Jim Murphy's "100 towns in 100 days" tour wasn't that he was forced to suspend it for a few days because he was attacked by a man lobbing an egg. It was that he encountered very little aggro the rest of the time. I can't imagine any other country where that would be the case.
The opening bell for open data has been rung. Over the past week, a ganglion of groups has unveiled initiatives in support of freely accessible public sector information. One of the most interesting developments comes from the relatively obscure area of aid. The charity Publish What You Fund (PWYF) ranks donors by their level of transparency http://econ.st/1fgrVSX
In 2008 Hervé Falciani walked out of the Geneva branch of HSBC where he'd worked for three years, clutching five CD-Roms containing data on as many as 130,000 account holders. The theft has lobbed a bomb into Europe's private-banking market, spawning raids and tax-evasion investigations across the continent http://econ.st/1er6G0u


 Science has a passable knowledge of how individual nerve cells, known as neurons, work. It also knows which visible lobes and ganglia of the brain do what.



terroir
tɛrˈwɑː,French tɛrwar/
noun「風土」(terroir)
  1. the complete natural environment in which a particular wine is produced, including factors such as the soil, topography, and climate.
    • the characteristic taste and flavour imparted to a wine by the environment in which it is produced.
      noun: goût de terroir; plural noun: goût de terroirs

Terroir (French pronunciation: [tɛʁwaʁ]; Spanish: terruño, pago) comes from the word "terre", English "land". It was originally a French term in wine, coffee and tea used to denote the special characteristics that geography bestowed upon particular varieties. Agricultural sites in the same region share similar soil, weather conditions, and farming techniques, which all contribute to the unique qualities of the crop. It can be very loosely translated as "a sense of place," which is embodied in certain characteristic qualities, the sum of the effects that the local environment has had on the manufacture of the product. Terroir is often italicized in English writing to show that it is a French loanword. The concept of terroir is at the base of the French wine Appellation d'origine contrôlée (AOC) system that has been the model for appellation and wine laws across the globe. At its core is the assumption that the land from which the grapes are grown imparts a unique quality that is specific to that region. The amount of influence and the scope that falls under the description of terroir has been a controversial topic in the wine industry.[1]






aggro

Line breaks: aggro
Pronunciation: /ˈaɡrəʊ /

NOUN

[MASS NOUN] British INFORMAL
1Aggressive, violent behaviour:they do not usually become involved in aggro
1.1Problems and difficulties:he didn’t have to deal with aggro from the desk clerk

Origin

1960s: abbreviation of aggravation (see aggravate), or of aggression.

lobe

Pronunciation: /ləʊb/
noun


  • a roundish and flattish projecting or hanging part of something, typically one of two or more such parts divided by a fissure: the leaf has a broad central lobe he pinched the lobe of his right earSee also earlobe.
  • each of the parts of the cerebrum of the brain.

Derivatives


lobed
adjective

lobeless
adjective

Origin:

late Middle English: via late Latin from Greek lobos 'lobe, pod'


lobe
[名]1 耳たぶ(earlobe)(⇒EAR1(図));(建築物の)丸い突出物, 丸屋根.2 《解剖学》葉(よう);《植物》裂片.
earの慣用句
about one's ears, be all ears, bend a person's ear, (全20件)
[名]
lobectomy
[名][U][C]《外科》(脳・肺などの)葉(よう)切除術.
lobed
[形]裂片のある;〈葉が〉浅裂の.

ganglion

Pronunciation: /ˈgaŋglɪən/

noun (plural ganglia /-lɪə/ or ganglions)



  • 1 Anatomy a structure containing a number of nerve cell bodies, typically linked by synapses, and often forming a swelling on a nerve fibre.
  • a network of cells forming a nerve centre in the nervous system of an invertebrate.
  • a well-defined mass of grey matter within the central nervous system. See also basal ganglia.
  • 2 Medicine an abnormal benign swelling on a tendon sheath.
Derivatives
ganglionic

Pronunciation: /-ˈɒnɪk/
adjective

Origin:

late 17th century: from Greek ganglion 'tumour on or near sinews or tendons', used by Galen to denote the complex nerve centres

ganglion
[名](複-gli・a 〔-li〕, 〜s)1 《解剖学》神経節;《病理学》結節腫(しゅ).2 (活動などの)中心, 中枢, エネルギーの元, 力の源.-gli・al, -gli・ar[形]

twill
細軟而文綵鮮麗的高級織物。晉˙張華˙輕薄篇:「僮僕餘梁肉,婢妾蹈綾羅。」西遊記˙第二十三回:「家下有八九年用不著的米穀,十來年穿不著的綾羅。」
serigraph

 appellation
 音節ap・pel・la・tion 発音記号/`æpəléɪʃən/
【名詞】【可算名詞】
 Usage:When the adventurers … met, in the center of the forests, immense plains, covered with rich verdure or rank grasses, they naturally gave them the appellation of meadows.


lob

Syllabification: (lob)
Pronunciation: /läb/
verb (lobs, lobbing, lobbed)

[with object]
  • throw or hit (a ball or missile) in a high arc:he lobbed the ball over their heads
  • (in tennis) hit the ball over (an opponent) in a high arc.

noun

  • (chiefly in tennis) a ball hit in a high arc over an opponent.

Origin:

late 16th century (in the senses 'cause or allow to hang heavily' and 'behave like a lout'): from the archaic noun lob 'lout', 'pendulous object', probably from Low German or Dutch (compare with modern Dutch lubbe 'hanging lip'). The current sense dates from the mid 19th century

grenade

Line breaks: gren|ade
Pronunciation: /ɡrəˈneɪd/

Definition of grenade in English:

noun

1small bomb thrown by hand or launched mechanically.
1.1glass receptacle containing chemicals which are released when the receptacle is thrown and broken, used for testing drains and extinguishing fires.




Origin

Mid 16th century (in the sense 'pomegranate'): fromFrench, alteration of Old French (pome) grenate (seepomegranate), on the pattern of Spanish granada. The bomb was so named because it supposedly resembled a pomegranate in shape.

The Old French word grenate, the root of grenade, is a shortened form of pome grenate ‘pomegranate’, literally ‘many-seeded apple’. The connection is the supposed resemblance between the shape of the bomb and that of the fruit. Early on in its history grenade could also refer to the fruit. Continuing the fruity theme, a hand grenade has, since the First World War, been informally known as a pineapple.





pomegranate 

Pronunciation: /ˈpɒmɪɡranɪt/ 



NOUN

Image of pomegranate
1


A spherical fruit with a tough golden-orange outer skin and sweet red gelatinous flesh containing many seeds.
Example sentences


2The tree that bears the pomegranate, native to North Africa and western Asia.
Punica granatum, family Punicaceae.


Example sentences


Origin


Middle English: from Old French pome grenate, from pome 'apple' + grenate 'pomegranate' (from Latin (malum) granatum '(apple) having many seeds', from granum 'seed').

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