2016年2月9日 星期二

atrophy, myopia, effeminacy, autopsy, presbyopia, come off

"America experienced a collective fear that mechanization could result in male atrophy and even effeminacy… If football was a game of excesses, its enthusiasts considered it well worth it. Violence and moral edginess were its chief attractions, because they toughened the sons of the rich and prepared them to wield authority."
--from "The Real All Americans" By Sally Jenkins



After Liberté and Égalité, It’s Autopsie
Facebook's flotation





Today, myopia is even more prevalent and dangerous in manufacturing than it was in marketing four decades ago. Like marketing myopia, manufacturing myopia is caused by isolation; it is the inevitable outcome of keeping manufacturing strategies contained to the functional or even plant level, with little or no connection to enterprise-wide strategies. As the factories and supply chain oversight functions are cut off from the rest of the executive decision makers, the manufacturing focus grows narrower, and overall competence can atrophy


過去我們看到,電腦斷層掃瞄明明顯示,這個人的神經元有萎縮(atrophy),但是他的認知功能卻完好,甚至有三○%的人,萎縮程度已達阿茲海默症的標準了,他們還是沒有失智的現象出來。

effeminate
ɪˈfɛmɪnət/
adjective
derogatory
  1. (of a man) having characteristics regarded as typical of a woman; unmanly.
    "he lisps and his handshake is effeminate"



Autopsy results showed that Terri Schiavo, who died in March 2005 after her feeding tube was disconnected, had massive and irreversible brain damage, contrary to the claims of her parents, who said she was capable of improvement:
"An autopsy... found that her brain had atrophied to less than half the normal size, medical examiner Jon Thogmartin said."
Link: Schiavo autopsy: There was no hope
Posted June 16, 2005.

myopia

(mī-ō'pē-əpronunciation

n.
  1. A visual defect in which distant objects appear blurred because their images are focused in front of the retina rather than on it; nearsightedness. Also called short sight.
  2. Lack of discernment or long-range perspective in thinking or planning: “For Lorca, New York is a symbol of spiritual myopia” (Edwin Honig).
[Greek muōpiā, from muōps, muōp-, nearsighted : mūein, to close the eyes + ōps, eye.]
myopic my·op'ic (-ŏp'ĭk, -ō'pĭkadj.


Presbyopia,  


pres·by·o·pi·a (prĕz'bē-ō'pē-ə, prĕs'-pronunciation
n.
Inability of the eye to focus sharply on nearby objects, resulting from loss of elasticity of the crystalline lens with advancing age.
[New Latin : Greek presbus, old man + –OPIA.]
presbyopic pres'by·op'ic (-ŏp'ĭk, -ō'pĭkadj.
Wikipedia article "Presbyopia".
Presbyopia (Greek word "presbys" (πρέσβυς), meaning "old person") is the eye's diminished ability to focus that occurs with aging. The most widely held theory is that it arises from the loss of elasticity of the crystalline lens, although changes in the lens's curvature from continual growth and loss of power of the ciliary muscles (the muscles that bend and straighten the lens) have also been postulated as its cause.

pres·by·o·pi·a (prĕz'bē-ō'pē-ə, prĕs'-pronunciation

n.
Inability of the eye to focus sharply on nearby objects, resulting from loss of elasticity of the crystalline lens with advancing age.
[New Latin : Greek presbus, old man + –OPIA.]
presbyopic pres'by·op'ic (-ŏp'ĭk, -ō'pĭkadj.Wikipedia article "Presbyopia".  老花眼
Presbyopia (Greek word "presbys" (πρέσβυς), meaning "old person") is the eye's diminished ability to focus that occurs with aging. The most widely held theory is that it arises from the loss of elasticity of the crystalline lens, although changes in the lens's curvature from continual growth and loss of power of the ciliary muscles (the muscles that bend and straighten the lens) have also been postulated as its cause.

autopsy[au・top・sy]

  • レベル:社会人必須
  • 発音記号[ɔ'ːtɑpsi | -tɔp-]

[名][C][U]((主に米))
1 (…の)死体解剖, 検死(postmortem)((on ...))
carry outperforman autopsy
検死を行う.
2 実地検証;(事後の)解剖的吟味, 批判的分析.
━━[動](他)〈死体を〉検視する;…を事後に批判的に分析する.
au・tóp・sic, -si・cal
[形]
au・top・sist
[名]


  atrophy
 (ăt'rə-fē) pronunciation
n., pl., -phies.
  1. Pathology. A wasting or decrease in size of a body organ, tissue, or part owing to disease, injury, or lack of use: muscular atrophy of a person affected with paralysis.
  2. A wasting away, deterioration, or diminution: intellectual atrophy.

v., -phied, -phy·ing, -phies. v.tr.
To cause to wither or deteriorate; affect with atrophy.

v.intr.
To waste away; wither or deteriorate.

[Late Latin atrophia, from Greek atrophiā, from atrophos, ill-nourished : a-, without; see a-1 + trophē, food.]
atrophic a·troph'ic (ā-trŏf'ĭk) adj.

  • [ǽtrəfi]
[名][U]
1 《病理学》(栄養不良などによる)消耗症, 萎縮(いしゅく).
2 (機能の)退化, 衰え;(道義心などの)衰退, 衰微
the atrophy of talent
才能の衰え.
━━[動](他)(自)衰えさせる[る], 退化させる[する].


  come off
 1.  Happen, occur, as in The trip came off on schedule. [Early 1800s]
2.  Acquit oneself, reach the end. This usage always includes a modifier, as in Whenever challenged he comes off badly, or This model is doomed to come off second-best. [Mid-1600s]
3.  Succeed, as in Our dinner party really came off. [Mid-1800s]
4.  See come off it.


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