2016年11月28日 星期一

oblivious, a run-up for a shake-up, turmoil, shakeout, embassy warning



From the French right’s selection of Fillon to the Italian referendum and Austrian election, Europe’s centre is oblivious to its own existential crisis. They might want to dust off their copies of Thomas Mann’s Death in Venice
THEGUARDIAN.COM|由 PAUL MASON 上傳


"Oblivious to the fact that she was considered by experts to be the world’s worst classical singer, Florence Foster Jenkins bulldozed her way to a legendary, self-financed 1944 Carnegie Hall recital," writes Martin Filler in his review of the 2016 film 'Florence Foster Jenkins.'

Florence Foster Jenkins offers some marvelous set pieces, including Meryl Streep’s hilariously inept version of “The Laughing Song” from Johann Strauss’s Die Fledermaus.
NYBOOKS.COM|由 MARTIN FILLER 上傳

Can Europe and the US reconcile their differences ahead of the G20
summit?

In the run-up to next week’s G20 summit, there seems to be a split
emerging between the US/UK on one side and the rest of Europe on the
other. The Czech EU Presidency described US plans to spend hundreds of
billions of dollars to revive its economy as a "way to hell".

The DW-WORLD Article
http://newsletter.dw-world.de/re?l=ew0iggI44va89pI6



US issues embassy warning in Sudan
The United States embassy in Sudan has authorised non-essential staff and family to leave the country voluntarily. The decision follows Sudan's expulsion of 13 aid groups from the country after a warrant was issued for the arrest of Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir. The US embassy message to its staff falls short of a full evacuation order, but says the embassy could close for security reasons at short notice. All Western embassies tightened security in the run-up to the International Criminal Court's decision last week to indict Bashir for alleged war crimes in Darfur.





TV Makers Confront a Shakeout
Sony, Samsung and other larger manufacturers are starting to squeeze out smaller rivals in the flat-panel TV market.



FCC Advances Airwave Auction
The FCC is pushing ahead with plans to put valuable chunks of airwaves up for sale, despite turmoil that could make it difficult for bidders to raise financing.

討論題:
The Changs were both well-bred and well-to-do and so were hardly a typical family. But they were also not one of the first families of China, and much of the political turmoil swirled around them. Rather as local teenagers go to the beach in the run-up to a typhoon to surf the bigger waves, the sisters seem to have used the waves of change for personal development while remaining rather oblivious of the upcoming storm which swept over them, as it swept over just about everyone, in 1949.
--- Peter Gordon (editor of The Asian Review of Books.)書評 (08/11/2002)
Four Sisters of Hofei : A History by Annping Chin , Scribner, 2002
(金安平 『 合肥四姐妹』鄭至慧譯,台北:時報出版公司,2005)


這標題,除了要說明” run-up “和” shake-up”意思之外,也提醒注意 “up”的用法。

新聞:
That is the kind of news that would typically brighten the mood of investors. But it was eclipsed by word that advertising on the Yahoo portal was going to be weaker than expected, erasing for now any gains from improvement in search advertising.

So after a brief run-up in its share price after hours on Monday, following the announcement of Mr. Yang’s appointment, Yahoo shares fell 49 cents yesterday, to $27.63; the company’s shake-up seems to have left investors with more questions than answers.
(取自 紐約時報: After Shake-Up, What Now for Yahoo?)
****
run up 可不只是一般辭典隨便說的算:
n. - 迅猛增長, 發動機高速運轉, 助跑【the approach run during which an athlete gathers speed】
日本語 (Japanese) n. - 急騰, 急増, 助走, 準備期間

oblivious
əˈblɪvɪəs/
adjective
  1. not aware of or concerned about what is happening around one.
    "she became absorbed, oblivious to the passage of time"

run-up 
noun
1 [C] In some sports, a run-up is a period or distance of running that you do in order to be going fast enough to perform a particular action:
The longer and faster your run-up is, the higher you can jump.

2 [S] MAINLY UK the final period of time before an important event:
Everyone is very busy during the run-up to publication.



--- 除了股市價格跳升之外,還多義

run up
1. Make or become greater or larger, as in That offer will run up the price of the stock. [Late 1500s] 【hc評:這年代令人困惑,因為那時候,各國股市可能還沒開張?】
2. Accumulate, as in She ran up huge bills at the florist. [First half of 1700s]
【例子:Movement preoccupied the painter in the run-up to the Dance. Sembat was struck by the intensity and accuracy of Matisse's response to the violent swirling currents, "the clash of creative contrasts we talked about together."】當時馬蒂斯醉心於”動作”,這在Dance(一幅畫) 總成之…….
取材:'Matisse the Master' By HILARY SPURLING

3. Sew rapidly, as in I can run up some new curtains for the kitchen. [Mid-1800s] 4. Raise a flag, as in Let's run up the flag in time for the holiday. This usage, originating in the navy about 1900, gave rise to the slangy phrase, Let's run it up the flagpole and see if anybody salutes, meaning, "Let's try this out." The latter originated about 1960 as advertising jargon.
(The American Heritage® Dictionary of Idioms by Christine Ammer. Copyright © 1997)

**** 本次談Yahoo公司更換高階主管採下述第三義:
shake up
1. Agitate in order to mix or loosen, as in This cough medicine needs to be thoroughly shaken up, or Please shake up these pillows. 2. Upset greatly, as in Even though no one was hurt, he was greatly shaken up by the accident. This usage alludes to being agitated like a liquid being shaken. Also see all shook up. [Late 1800s] 3. Subject to drastic rearrangement or reorganization, as in New management was bent on shaking up each division.
n. - 動搖, 劇變, 騷動, 大改組
日本語 (Japanese) n. - 大異動, 再編成, 大整理

***


turmoil Show phonetics
noun [S or U]
a state of confusion, uncertainty or lack of order:
The whole region is in turmoil.
The country is in a state of political turmoil.
The Stock Exchange is in turmoil following a huge wave of selling.

tur・moil ━━ n. 騒動, 混乱.




shakeout
noun [C usually singular]
a situation in which people lose their jobs, or companies stop doing business, because of economic difficulties:
The shakeout in the labour market after Christmas usually makes January a bad month for unemployment.
There has been a shakeout of inefficient corporations.

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