2016年6月25日 星期六

quirk, waif, chemise, prim deportment, prudish, pennant; pendant, poise,deport, facile, flinty, freak

請訪問 BBC Capital 閱讀 英文原文
Is This the World Quirkiest Capital?
BBC 中文網(繁體)
西方人到日本東京出差,總是會被巨大的文化差異所震撼,以至於西方人下了一個初步結論,東京——世界上最令人迷惑的首都?
http://bbc.in/28UJpr6





Artist illustrations of what the New York Mets' second-place rings should look like.CreditFrom left, all for The New York Times: Peter and Maria Hoey, Bob Eckstein and Taylor Callery

To the Runner-Up (the Loser), a Ring, Too

One of the quirks of baseball is that the losing championship team often buys itself rings (for winning a pennant). What kind of ring should the 2015 Mets get?


‪#‎WorkOfTheWeek‬ is Pablo Picasso's 'Girl in a Chemise'http://ow.ly/RD670
This waif-like girl is among Picasso’s cast of people from the margins of society. A melancholic mood is conveyed with veils of paint. She is fragile, perhaps sickly. Her delicate pink flesh evokes the skin-colour that Picasso’s friend Guillaume Apollinaire identified as ’that purplish pink one finds on the cheeks of certain fresh young girls close to death’.


The enamels of Qajar Iran are figurative, and closely resemble in style oil paintings produced during the same period. Scenes of youth and lovers are typical subjects depicted on these enamels.
Featured Artwork of the Day: Portrait of a Girl in a Round Pendant | late 18th–early 19th century | Iran http://met.org/1sSfOWH

The essence of Thatcherism was to oppose the status quo and bet on freedom—odd, since as a prim control freak, she was in some ways the embodiment of conservatism. She thought nations could become great only if individuals were set free. Her struggles had a theme: the right of individuals to run their own lives, as free as possible from the micromanagement of the state.








The term chemise or shirt can refer to the classic smock, or else can refer to certain modern types of women's undergarments and dresses. In the classical use it is a simple garment worn next to the skin to protect clothing from sweat and body oils, the precursor to the modern shirts commonly worn in Western nations.

現代の女性用シュミーズの一例。

flinty (adjective) Showing unfeeling resistance to tender feelings.
Synonyms:granitic, obdurate, stony
Usage:He maintained a hard, careless deportment, indicative of neither joy nor sorrow: if anything, it expressed a flinty gratification at a piece of difficult work successfully executed.

Google Is Poised to Close China Site
Wall Street Journal
By LORETTA CHAO and BEN WORTHEN Google Inc. appears increasingly likely to shutter its Chinese-language search engine, a step that would remove one of the ...




Obama 總統擬特赦某些非法移民



The Crazy Horse Paris dance troupe, known for its topless female performers, arrived in Singapore on Wednesday to launch the famous cabaret, as the prudish city-state tries to spice up its image and woo tourists. 2005
以上空女郎表演者聞名的巴黎瘋馬秀舞蹈團,
周三抵達新加坡展開有名的歌舞表演。這個過分拘謹的城市國家試圖藉此增色國家形象,誘惑觀光客。





On the other hand, I know no prejudice so widely shared, no stereotype so facilely applied, as the notion that ''bourgeois'' means materialistic, philistine, narrow-minded, tasteless and prudish.

quirk
kwəːk/
noun

1.
a peculiar aspect of a person's character or behaviour.
"they accepted her attitude as one of her little quirks"



facile

  音節
fac • ile
発音
fǽsil | -sail
[形]
1 すらすらと動く, 軽快な, 楽々と活動する[働く], 器用な, 達者な;上すべりな.
2 ((限定))((形式・軽蔑))たやすくなされた[得られた];手軽な, 容易な.
3 ((古))〈態度・人柄が〉窮屈さのない;愛想のよい.
[ラテン語facilis(facereなす+-ILE=なしやすい). △DEFEAT, FACILITY
fac・ile・ly
[副]
fac・ile・ness
[名]

 deport
(dĭ-pôrt', -pōrt') pronunciation
tr.v., -port·ed, -port·ing, -ports.
  1. To expel from a country. See synonyms at banish.
  2. To behave or conduct (oneself) in a given manner; comport.
[French déporter, to banish, from Latin dēportāre, to carry away : dē-, de- + portāre, to carry. Sense 2, Middle English, from Old French deporter, to behave, from Latin dēportāre.]

deportment Pronunciation (noun) The manner in which a person behaves, especially in physical bearing.
Synonyms:demeanor, conduct, behavior
Usage:Marilla had almost begun to despair of ever fashioning this waif of the world into her model little girl of demure manners and prim deportment.

  1. waif (from the Old French guaif, "stray beast") is a living creature removed, by hardship, loss or other helpless circumstance, from its original surroundings. The most common usage of the word is to designate a homeless, forsaken or orphaned child, or someone whose appearance is evocative of the same.

prim

Syllabification: (prim)
Pronunciation: /prim/
Translate prim | into French | into German | into Italian | into Spanish




adjective (primmer, primmest)

  • stiffly formal and respectable; feeling or showing disapproval of anything regarded as improper:a very prim and proper lady

verb (prims, primming, primmed)

[with object]
  • purse (the mouth or lips) into a prim expression:Larry primmed up his mouth





Derivatives

primly
adverb






primness

noun

Origin:

late 17th century (as a verb): probably ultimately from Old French prin, Provençal prim 'excellent, delicate', from Latin primus 'first'


prim
  • [prím]
[形](〜・mer, 〜・mest)
1 〈人・行為などが〉堅苦しい, きちょうめんな;〈特に女性が〉取り澄ました.
2 〈身なり・庭などが〉きちんとした, 整った
prim and proper
きちんとした.
━━[動](〜med, 〜・ming)(自)澄ました態度をとる.
━━(他)
1 〈身なり・場所などを〉きちんと整える((out, up)).
2 〈顔などを〉堅くきっとする, 取り澄ます;〈口を〉きゅっと結ぶ((out, up)).
1.
adj. - 呆板的, 裝出淑女模樣的, 拘謹的, 整齊的
v. tr. - 使顯得一本正經, 把...打扮得整齊
v. intr. - 顯得一本正經


(prĭm) pronunciation
adj., prim·mer, prim·mest.
    1. Precise or proper to the point of affectation; excessively decorous.
    2. Strait-laced; prudish.
  1. Neat and trim: a prim hedgerow.

v., primmed, prim·ming, prims. v.tr.
  1. To fix (the face or mouth) in a prim expression.
  2. To make prim, as in dress or appearance.
v.intr.
To assume a prim expression.

[Possibly from obsolete prim, formal or demure person, perhaps from Old French prin, first, delicate. See prime.]


prudish - Wiktionary

en.wiktionary.org/wiki/prudish - Cached
[edit] Adjective. prudish (comparative more prudish, superlative most prudish). of excessive propriety; easily offended or shocked, especially by sexual matters ...
[形](性的な事柄に対して)上品ぶった, 澄ました, 淑女ぶった.


poise
v., poised, pois·ing, pois·es. v.tr.
To carry or hold in equilibrium; balance.

v.intr.
To be balanced or held in suspension; hover.

n.
  1. A state of balance or equilibrium; stability.
  2. Freedom from affectation or embarrassment; composure.
  3. The bearing or deportment of the head or body; mien.
  4. A state or condition of hovering or being suspended.
[Middle English poisen, to balance, weigh, from Old French peser, pois-, from Vulgar Latin *pēsāre, from Latin pēnsāre.]





pendant

Line breaks: pen|dant
Pronunciation: /ˈpɛnd(ə)nt/





NOUN

1A piece of jewellery that hangs from a chain worn round the neck:jade-green pendant on a gold chain
1.1 necklace with a pendant:
I slipped the pendant over my neck

2light designed to hang from the ceiling:decorative pendants may need a special ceilingfitting

3The part of a pocket watch by which it is suspended.

3.1A short rope hanging from the head of a ship’smastyardarm, or clew of a sail, used forattaching tackles.

4/ˈpɛnd(ə)nt, ˈpɒ̃dɒ̃/ An artisticliterary, or musicalcomposition intended to match or complementanother:the triptych’s pendant will occupy the corresponding wall in the south transept

5Nautical tapering flag.

ADJECTIVE


Hanging
 downwardspendent:
pendant flowers on frail stems
Origin
middle english (denoting an architectural decoration projecting downwards): from Old French, literally 'hanging', present participle of the verb pendre, fromLatin pendere.

freak

Syllabification: (freak)
Pronunciation: /frēk/
Translate freak | into French | into German | into Italian | into Spanish




noun

  • 1a very unusual and unexpected event or situation:the teacher says the accident was a total freak [as modifier]:a freak storm
  • 2 (also freak of nature) a person, animal, or plant with an unusual physical abnormality.
  • informal a person regarded as strange because of their unusual appearance or behavior.
  • 3 [with modifier] informal a person who is obsessed with or unusually enthusiastic about a specified interest:a fitness freak
  • [usually with modifier] informal a person addicted to a drug of a particular kind:the twins were cocaine freaks
  • 4 archaic a sudden arbitrary change of mind; a whim:follow this way or that, as the freak takes you

verb

  • 1 informal behave or cause to behave in a wild and irrational way, typically because of the effects of extreme emotion, mental illness, or drugs: [no object]:I could have freaked out and started smashing the place up [with object]:he freaks guest stars out on show day
2 [with object] archaic fleck or streak randomly:the white pink and the pansy freaked with jet


Children's Animal Masks and Pendants Recalled by Team Work Trading Due to Risk of Lead Exposuren.
[F., orig. p. pr. of pendre to hang, L. pendere. Cf. Pendent, Pansy, Pensive, Poise, Ponder.]
1. Something which hangs or depends; something suspended; a hanging appendage, especially one of an ornamental character; as to a chandelier or an eardrop; also, an appendix or addition, as to a book.
Some hang upon the pendants of her ear.
Pope.
Many . . . have been pleased with this work and its pendant, the Tales and Popular Fictions.
Keightley.
2. (Arch.) A hanging ornament on roofs, ceilings, etc., much used in the later styles of Gothic architecture, where it is of stone, and an important part of the construction. There are imitations in plaster and wood, which are mere decorative features. «[A bridge] with . . . pendants graven fair.» Spenser.
3. (Fine Arts) One of a pair; a counterpart; as, one vase is the pendant to the other vase.
4. A pendulum. [Obs.] Sir K. Digby.
5. The stem and ring of a watch, by which it is suspended. [U.S.] Knight.

 
Pendant post (Arch.), a part of the framing of an open timber roof; a post set close against the wall, and resting upon a corbel or other solid support, and supporting the ends of a collar beam or any part of the roof.
  • pend・ant
  • ━━ n. ペンダント; 【建】つりランプ, シャンデリア; 【海事】=pennant; 付属物.━━ a. =pendent.

Picture of Recalled Pendant

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