2016年1月27日 星期三

asylum, asylum seeker, high-tail, retreat, timeline unveiled, overboard,

Call to Retreat Divides Hong Kong Protesters1


Adrift for Months, Starving Asylum Seekers Threw 98 Bodies Overboard
Thirty-two asylum seekers rescued by the Sri Lankan Navy say they went without food for 21 days, and were forced to throw dozens of dead overboard, after their wooden vessel failed at sea


It will be a crushing economic blow if Toyota, as planned, high-tails it out of Fremont. Like the rest of the nation, California is struggling with the worst employment crisis since the 1930s. The NUMMI plant closure would be the single biggest layoff in the state since the start of the Great Recession in December 2007.

Space Plan From China Broadens Challenge to U.S.

A five-year development timeline unveiled Thursday by the Chinese government could establish it as a major rival in space at a moment when the American program is in retreat.



the earth as the lunatic asylum


a·sy·lum (ə-sī'ləmpronunciation
n.
  1. An institution for the care of people, especially those with physical or mental impairments, who require organized supervision or assistance.
  2. A place offering protection and safety; a shelter.
  3. A place, such as a church, formerly constituting an inviolable refuge for criminals or debtors.
  4. The protection afforded by a sanctuary. See synonyms at shelter.
  5. Protection and immunity from extradition granted by a government to a political refugee from another country.中國政法大學教授潘漢典用了一個例子,來說明一個完備權威的英漢法律詞典的重要性:Asylum———政治庇​​護權———一個世界通用的法律術語,卻被我們譯成居留權,而且寫進憲法,一錯30年,從1954年-1975年-1978年最後到1982年,三次修憲,錯譯均沒有被發現。到1985年修憲時才得以改正。 
[Middle English asilum, refuge, from Latin as[ymacr]lum, from Greek asūlon, sanctuary, from neuter of asūlos, inviolable : a-, without; see a–1 + sūlon, right of seizure.]

The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition Copyright © 2007, 2000 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
日本語 (Japanese)
n. - 保護, 隠れ場所, 避難所, 保護施設, 収容所, 聖域

Quote
"I don't know if there are men on the moon, but if there are they must be using the earth as their lunatic asylum." — G.B. Shaw



lu·na·tic ('nə-tĭkpronunciation
adj.
  1. Suffering from lunacy; insane.
  2. Of or for the insane.
  3. Wildly or giddily foolish: a lunatic decision.
  4. Characterized by lunacy or eccentricity.
[Middle English lunatik, from Old French lunatique, from Latin lūnāticus, from lūna, moon.]
lunatic lu'na·tic n.



retreat[re・treat]

  • レベル:大学入試程度
  • 発音記号[ritríːt]

[名]
1 [U][C](…からの)後退, 撤退, 退却((from ...));((the 〜))《軍事》退却の合図
be in full retreat
総退却する
sound the retreat
(ドラムなどで)退却の合図をする.
2 [U]隠退, 閑居;(…への)避難((into ...)).
3 避難[隠退]所;(精神障害者などの)収容所(asylum)
a summer retreat
避暑地.
4 [U][C]静修(期間):宗教的修行や黙想のために閉じこもること.
5 《軍事》
(1) (日没の際の)国旗降下式.
(2) 日没帰営らっぱ[太鼓].
beat [make] a retreat
(特に大急ぎで)退去する, 逃げ出す;企てを放棄する.
make good one's retreat
無事に逃れる.
━━[動](自)
1 (…へ)(特に余儀なく)退く, 引き下がる;(…から)逃げる, 逃げ出す, 引きこもる((to, into, on ...;from ...))
retreat into the room
部屋に逃げ込む
retreat from one's noisy children
やかましい子供たちから逃れる
retreat into oneself
自分の世界に没頭する[殻に閉じこもる].
2 (…から)退却[撤退, 後退]する((from ...)). ⇒RETIRE(自)5
3 後方に傾斜する, 反る;引っ込む.
━━(他)
1 …を後退させる, 引っ込める, 取り去る.
2 《チェス》〈こまを〉引く, 下げる.

asylum seeker
政治亡命希望者.
high-tail
pronunciation

IN BRIEF: v. - Retreat at full speed.




asylum

音節
a • sy • lum
発音
əsáiləm
レベル
大学入試程度
asylumの変化形
asylums (複数形)
[名]
1 (障害者・老人などの)保護施設
an asylum for the aged
老人ホーム
a lunatic asylum
精神科病院(▼現在はa mental hospital
an orphan asylum
孤児院.
2 (昔, 犯罪者や負債者が逃げ込んだ治外法権の)避難所, 聖域.
3 [U]《国際法》政治犯庇護(ひご), 亡命;(一般に)保護, 避難所
seekask forpolitical asylum
政治的保護[亡命]を求める.
[ラテン語←ギリシャ語áslon (a-ない+slon捕らえる権利=捕らえる権利のない場所)]

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