2016年1月3日 星期日

vise, vice, vitiate, kleptocratic, graft, scathing


Funds Tied to Madoff in Legal Vise
By DIANA B. HENRIQUES
Massachusetts’ top securities regulator has sued Fairfield Greenwich Advisors, which directed billions of dollars of its clients’ money into Bernard L. Madoff’s investment


Wary of Islam, China Tightens a Vise of Rules
By EDWARD WONG
China places intricate restrictions on Muslims in a vast autonomous region in an effort to control Islam’s spread.




Kremlin Rules
An Investment Gets Trapped in Kremlin’s Vise
The fall of one of Russia’s most prominent foreign investors points to the official corruption that afflicts the country.

No matter. Further and further still
Through the world's vaprous vitiate air
His words wing on--as live words will.
Thomas Hardy

Decades of kleptocratic dictatorship and brutal civil war have brought DR Congo to its knees. Most of its infrastructure barely functions.
窃国[kleptocratic



Merrill Execs In Taiwan For Graft Probe: Report
]独裁政权。

Merrill Lynch executives arrived in Taipei to clarify the company's role involving in the possible money laundering by family members of ex-president Chen Shui-bian, a local newspaper said on Tuesday.


The European Commission is set to issue a scathing indictment of high-level corruption, maladministration and failures in the handling of European Union funds in Bulgaria.
That's according to a draft report on the management of EU funds in the member state, which joined the bloc in January 2007. It said that as a result, Brussels has barred four Bulgarian agencies from handling EU funds, freezing nearly € 1 billion in pre-accession aid and threatening future payments.
The report is due to be adopted by the EU executive next week. Bulgarian Deputy Prime Minister Meglena Plugchieva, who was appointed this year to clean up the handling of EU funds, is set to hold a meeting with the EU's anti-fraud agency in Brussels this Friday.



graft
 (INFLUENCE) Show phonetics
noun [U] MAINLY US
the act of obtaining money or advantage through the dishonest use of political power and influence:
The whole government was riddled with graft, bribery, and corruption.

scathing 
adjective
severely and unkindly critical:
scathing criticism
He was very scathing about the report, saying it was inaccurate.

scathingly 
adverb
She spoke scathingly of the poor standard of work done by her predecessor.


汚職

おしょく 汚職


corruption; 〔米〕(a) graft.
~が明るみに出た One's corruption came to light.
 汚職事件 a corruption [graft] case; a bribery incident [scandal].



kleptocratic
kleptocracy (sometimes cleptocracy, occasionally kleptarchy) (root: klepto+kratein = rule by thieves) is a term applied to a government that extends the personal wealth and political power of government officials and the ruling class (collectively, kleptocrats) at the expense of the population. A kleptocratic government often goes beyond merely awarding the prime contracts and civil service posts to friends (a common feature of corrupt governments[citation needed] called nepotism). They also create projects and programs at a policy level which serve the primary purpose of funneling money out of the treasury and into the pockets of the executive with little if any regard for the logic, viability or necessity of those projects.



vitiate
tr.v.-at·ed-at·ing-ates.
  1. To reduce the value or impair the quality of.
  2. To corrupt morally; debase.
  3. To make ineffective; invalidate. See synonyms at corrupt.
[Latin vitiāre, vitiāt-, from vitium, fault.]
vitiable vi'ti·a·ble (vĭsh'ē-ə-bəladj.
vitiation vi'ti·a'tion n.
vitiator vi'ti·a'tor n.

vice (TOOL) MAINLY UK, US USUALLY vise Show phonetics
noun [C]
a tool with two parts which can be moved together by tightening a screw so that an object can be held firmly between them while it is being worked on:
Vices are often used to hold pieces of wood that are being cut or smoothed.
Her hand tightened like a vice around his arm.
also vice n.
A clamping device, usually consisting of two jaws closed or opened by a screw or lever, used in carpentry or metalworking to hold a piece in position.
tr.v., vised also viced, vis·ing vic·ing, vis·es vic·es.
To hold or compress in or as if in a vise.
[Middle English vis, screwlike device, from Old French, screw, from Latin vītis, vine (from its spiral wrappings).]

vise, vice


n. - 虎頭鉗, 簽證
v. tr. - 用虎頭鉗夾緊, 簽准

--> ━━ n., vt. 【機】万力(で締める).
vise・like ━━ a. 万力のような; つかまえて離さない, しっかりした.