organized crime/mob/money, yakuza,
Quote of the week:
"We had to struggle with the old enemies of peace -- business and financial monopoly, speculation, reckless banking, class antagonism, sectionalism, war profiteering. They had begun to consider the Government of the United States as a mere appendage to their own affairs. We know now that Government by organized money is just as dangerous as Government by organized mob."
--- President Franklin D. Roosevelt, October 31, 1936
週報價:"我們不得不與和平 — — 商業和金融的壟斷、 投機、 不計後果的銀行、 階級對立、 地方主義的舊敵人鬥爭，戰爭謀取暴利。他們已經開始考慮他們自己的事務的純粹附屬物的美國政府。我們知道現在是由錢政府和政府組織暴徒一樣危險。
---總統佛蘭克林 · 羅斯福，1936 年 10 月 31 日
---總統佛蘭克林 · 羅斯福，1936 年 10 月 31 日
本週引言:"我們不得不與和平的舊敵人鬥爭 — — 商業和金融的壟斷、 投機、 不計後果的銀行、 階級對立、 地方主義，謀取戰爭暴利。他們早已認為美國政府只是他們自己的事務的純粹附屬物。我們現在知道，由黑金治國和由黑道暴徒治國都是一樣危險的。
---總統佛蘭克林 · 羅斯福，1936 年 10 月 31 日
State prosecutors are taking pre-emptive measures to try to prevent Italy's organized crime syndicates from cashing in on earthquake rebuilding efforts.
The New York Times off-leads the Souter news but leads with Chrysler filing for bankruptcy protection yesterday. Chrysler has now become "the first major American automaker to seek bankruptcy protection since Studebaker did so in 1933," details the paper. The WSJ specifies that it's the sixth-largest Chapter 11 filing. In what the NYT describes as "yet another extraordinary intervention into private industry by the federal government," President Obama announced a plan to create a new ownership structure for the automaker that would give the company a "new lease on life." Obama wasn't shy about pointing fingers, saying that the government was eager to avoid bankruptcy but its efforts were thwarted by a group of investment firms and hedge funds, which the president referred to as "a small group of speculators."
Additionally, there is “Under the Influence of Busby Berkeley,” a free discussion by the choreographer and filmmaker Kriota Willberg, who will illustrate how Berkeley’s style has continued to infiltrate media culture. As Ruby Keeler wrote in 1973, three years before Berkeley’s death, “He was energetic, tireless, tough and sometimes rough, but look at his pictures and tell me how any other kind of man could have achieved what he did.”
ya·ku·za (yä'kʊ-zä') pronunciation
n., pl. yakuza.日本黑道
1. A loose alliance of Japanese criminal organizations and illegal enterprises.
2. A Japanese gangster.
[Japanese, good-for-nothing, gambler, racketeer.]
Yakuza syndicates, seeking alternative income sources, infiltrate new turf: stock markets
THE ASAHI SHIMBUN
Police are sounding an alarm over a surge in new stock market players who are known more for severed pinkies and tattoos than tender offers and dividends.
In its 2007 white paper released Tuesday, the National Police Agency underscored the need to crack down on yakuza organizations that are increasingly getting rich on stock transactions and raising funds through listed companies.
"Rich organized crime syndicates have many members and possess a lot of weapons," a senior NPA official said. "There is no way to root out those organizations unless we thoroughly crack down on them."
But the paper indicated that it is difficult to hammer out effective countermeasures.
The NPA report said there are few examples in which police investigations have uncovered the flow of money from stock transactions into yakuza organizations.
Much like other groups, organized crime syndicates have diversified their sources of income with the changes in the Japanese economy, the white paper said.
Yakuza have already gained a foothold in other industries.
In the decade starting in 1955, companies operated by senior yakuza members penetrated the show-biz world, as well as construction and other lucrative industries.
During the asset-inflated economy of the 1980s and early 1990s, yakuza groups entered the real estate and resort development industries, and used strong-arm tactics to make profits, such as forcing landowners to sell their properties.
The gangsters used companies operated by former members to pretend they had no ties with the underworld.
But the mobsters' sources of funding were dealt a blow in 1992, when the Anti-Organized Crime Law took effect right after the asset-inflated "bubble" economy collapsed.
Since then, organized crime syndicates have developed ties with groups specializing in stock trading, the white paper said.
For example, the vice president of a computer peripherals manufacturer, which was listed on the Hercules emerging market on the Osaka Securities Exchange, was arrested in February this year on suspicion of violating the Civil Rehabilitation Law.
The vice president, who was a former boss of a yakuza group, is suspected of illegally disposing of the company's assets while the rehabilitation process was under way.
In March, a former senior member of a yakuza organization, a stock speculator and others were arrested over their suspected involvement in stock-price manipulation. They are believed to have invested at least 1.7 billion yen for the scheme.
But police have yet to confirm that money from the suspected crimes ended up in the hands of organized crime syndicates.
The white paper also said the rich-poor gap among yakuza groups has widened.
An NPA white paper for fiscal 1989 estimated that the entire yakuza world earned up to 1.3 trillion yen a year.
The NPA said the current amount is likely the same or more.
Police have stepped up their crackdowns on gangsters since 1992, when the Anti-Organized Crime Law went into effect.
But with about 84,700 members of organized crime today, including those who support gang activities through fund raising, yakuza strength remains at almost the same level.
Simply tightening control of organized crime activities may be insufficient.
Organized crime members say they have more business clients than what is widely perceived in the public, and that the money those clients pay for yakuza services is not small.
"We are getting more and more requests from ordinary people," the leader of a crime syndicate in the Kanto region said.
A mobster who heads another gang said that even a public organization and a business are among the gang's customers.
His organization is paid more than 100 million yen as remuneration--a sum the gang "did not ask for"--for its role in talks on acquiring property or evictions.
Iwao Uruma, the NPA's commissioner-general, acknowledged that some citizens are patronizing organized crime.
"It is an extremely difficult task to cut the number of gangs," Uruma said. "There are people who do use them. We have to steer them away from patronizing organized crime."(IHT/Asahi: July 18,2007)
verb [I + adverb or preposition; T]
1 to secretly become part of a group in order to get information or to influence the way that group thinks or behaves:
A journalist managed to infiltrate the powerful drug cartel.
2 to move slowly into a substance, place, system or organization:
At about this time the new ideas about 'corporate management' had begun to infiltrate (into) local government.
The infiltrator was identified and killed.
A syndicate is a self-organizing group of individuals, companies, corporations or entities formed to transact some specific business, to pursue or promote a shared interest. In most cases formed groups aim to scale up their profits. Although there are many legal syndicates formed around the world, the usage of the term "the syndicate" in colloquial English often refers to one involved in illegal activities.
The term is also associated with anarchist theory, specifically anarcho-syndicalism, in which it forms an alternative to both the nation state and capitalist corporations.
3 Crime syndicates
4 Media syndicates
5 Business syndicates
6 Finance syndicates
7 Worker-managed enterprise
8 Lottery syndicates
9 See also
The word syndicate comes from the French word syndicat which means trade union (syndic meaning administrator), from the Latin word syndicus which in turn comes from the Greek word σύνδικος (syndikos), which means caretaker of an issue; compare to ombudsman or representative.
━━ n. シンジケート, 企業連合; 【金融】公社債［株式］募集引き受け団体; 【保険】保険シンジケート; ...
━━ n. シンジケート, 企業連合; 【金融】公社債［株式］募集引き受け団体; 【保険】保険シンジケート; 【保険】ロンドンLloyd'sの会員シンジケート; 地域新聞社間連合 ((地方紙が中央のコラムニストや漫画家の定期原稿を得るために行う記事共同配信の提携関係)); ((集合的)) （大学などの）評議員, 理事会; 犯罪シンジケート.
━━ v. シンジケートに組織する; シンジケートを作る［によって管理する］; （新聞・雑誌社に）記事を配給する.
syndicated loan 【金融】協調融資, シンジケート・ローン ((複数の銀行が合意の元に共同で行う)).
sn・di・ca・tion ━━ n. シンジケートを組織すること.
- 1. 〜をシンジケート組織｛そしき｝にする
- 2. 〔記事｛きじ｝や漫画｛まんが｝などを〕多数｛たすう｝の新聞｛しんぶん｝に同時｛どうじ｝に配給｛はいきゅう｝する
・The comic strip is nationally syndicated. その漫画は全国の新聞に配給されている。
- 1. シンジケート、企業連合｛きぎょう れんごう｝
- 2. 通信社｛つうしんしゃ｝
- 3. 〈米〉犯罪組織｛はんざい そしき｝
- arms syndicate
- 武器密売組織｛ぶき みつばい そしき｝
- banking syndicate
- cargo syndicate
- cocain syndicate
- コカイン密輸組織｛みつゆ そしき｝
- cocaine syndicate
- コカイン密輸組織｛みつゆ そしき｝