2009年6月23日 星期二

discrepancy, sullenness, Leap Day


1. from Back Matter:
"... to the quietest but most alarming form-a general sullenness and withdrawal of interest. Faced with this set of facts, it is always possible to fall back on the other ..."
2. from Back Matter:
"... What I have called sullenness is the obvious example of this. I think it is now a very prevalent reaction to the dominative kinds of ..."
This adjustment is necessary to compensate for discrepancies between the Gregorian calendar and the astronomical year.




discrepancy PhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhonetic Hide phonetics
noun [C or U] FORMAL
(a) difference between two things that should be the same:
There is some discrepancy between the two accounts.
The committee is reportedly unhappy about the discrepancy in numbers.

discrepant PhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhonetic Hide phonetics
adjective ━━ a. 食い違いのある, 相違した.
discrepant figures
discrepant opinions/views


Amid Crackdown, Iran Admits Voting Errors
By MICHAEL SLACKMAN
The police broke up a group of about a thousand protesters in Tehran as officials acknowledged voting discrepancies in at least 50 cities.


Leap Day

No thanks to Julius Caesar.


Friday, February 29, 2008; Page A18

THIS EXTRA day of February is part of the legacy bequeathed us by the Romans, along with their contributions in law, engineering, language, arts and letters, and the development of a numbering system that allows us to properly identify our Super Bowls. The institution of leap years was strictly a necessity, created by the failure of the 365-day year to match up with the astronomical year. The discrepancy is only about a quarter of a day, but just try to figure out where to put that six hours.

Julius Caesar, a man used to acting decisively on thorny problems, solved this one, somewhat, by adding a day to every fourth year, placing it, unfortunately, in the month of Februarius. He made the calendar change in 46 B.C. and was assassinated not too long after, possibly a coincidence. We have been stuck with this extraneous day ever since, an extension of a dreary and unpopular month and an occasion for obscure and quickly forgotten acts not suitable for anniversary remembrance. It is a day for senators to make speeches about the turnip tariff, for manufacturers to issue lint-filter recalls, for children to sullenly celebrate birthdays knowing that, unlike their peers, they will have only five or six such observances before they have to start paying rent. But keep this in mind: It's only a day. Tomorrow it will be March, a better month for almost everyone, Julius Caesar excepted.



Definition

sullen PhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhonetic Hide phonetics
adjective
angry and unwilling to smile or be pleasant to people:
His daughters stared back at him with an expression of sullen resentment.
LITERARY She looked up at the sullen (= dark and unpleasant) sky and shuddered.

sullenly PhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhonetic Hide phonetics
adverb
She turned her back to him and stared sullenly out of the window.

sullenness PhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhonetic Hide phonetics
noun [U]


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