2009年1月22日 星期四

synecdoche, constituency, constituent

6 Governors May Reject Portions of Stimulus
By SHAILA DEWAN
The governors say they may not want to meet the conditions that accompany the money, but critics accuse them of putting political ideology before their constituents.



He will eventually have to choose between competing advice and priorities, risking the disappointment or anger of constituencies that for the moment can still see in him what they hope to see.



The Poison Garden is particularly popular with children, whom the duchess identifies as one of her main constituencies.


Definition

constituency PhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhonetic Hide phonetics
noun [C]
(the group of voters belonging to) any of the official areas of a country that elect someone to represent them nationally:
a rural/urban constituency

constituent PhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhonetic Hide phonetics
noun [C]
a voter in a particular area of the country:
The senator worked hard, always talking to his constituents and hearing their problems.

con・stit・u・en・cy


━━ n. 選挙区; ((集合的)) 選挙区民, 支持者.
con・stit・u・ent ━━ a., n. 構成[組織]する; 憲法制定[改正]権のある (a constituent assembly); 選挙権のある; 構成要素, 成分; 【言】構成素; 選挙区民[人].
constituent body 選挙母体.



synecdoche



synecdoche [si‐nek‐dŏki], a common figure of speech (or trope) by which something is referred to indirectly, either by naming only some part or constituent of it (e.g. ‘hands’ for manual labourers) or—less often—by naming some more comprehensive entity of which it is a part (e.g. ‘the law’ for a police officer).

Usually regarded as a special kind of metonymy, synecdoche occurs frequently in political journalism (e.g.‘Moscow’ for the Russian government) and sports commentary (e.g. ‘Liverpool’ for one of that city's football teams), but also has literary uses like Dickens's habitual play with bodily parts: the character of Mrs Merdle in Little Dorrit is referred to as ‘the Bosom’.

Wikipedia article "Synecdoche".

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