2014年5月9日 星期五

upcycling/recycling, cow,injunction, directive, Advanced Medical Directive



 ,我提前做了一份預先醫療指示(Advanced Medical Directive),意思就是如果我有一天陷入那種必須插管維持生命而又不可能再恢復健康的情況,那麼我的這份預先指示就授權醫生為我拔管不再繼續維持,讓我能死得利索點兒。



High Stakes Limit West's Bid to Cow Putin1


China Requires Censoring Software on New PCs
New York Times - United States
By ANDREW JACOBS BEIJING — China has issued a sweeping directive requiring all personal computers sold in the country to include sophisticated software that ...



With the rise of Stalin, and a crackdown on avant-garde productions, optimism waned. Habima left Moscow in 1926, and eventually became the national theater of Israel. Goset's visionary director, Aleksei Granovsky, who had worked closely with Chagall in 1920 Moscow, refused directives to return to Moscow from a 1928 tour. While his actors went home, he remained in Berlin and continued to work in Europe.

Living Planet | 10.02.2011 | 18:30

Upcycling hits the streets of London

Cast-off textiles have been fished out of the trash and turned high fashion works of wonder.

Designers in London are helping to divert mountains of discarded materials away from British landfills. The trend is called ‘upcycling’ and it entails taking used fabrics and reusing them in designs which are both commercially and aesthetically more valuable.

***
Upcycling is the process of converting waste materials or useless products into new materials or products of better quality or a higher environmental value.
The first recorded use of the term upcycling was by Reiner Pilz of Pilz GmbH in an interview by Thornton Kay of Salvo in 1994.[1]
We talked about the impending EU Demolition Waste Streams directive. "Recycling," he said, "I call it downcycling. They smash bricks, they smash everything. What we need is upcycling where old products are given more value not less." He despairs of the German situation and recalls the supply of a large quantity of reclaimed woodblock from an English supplier for a contract in Nuremberg while just down the road a load of similar blocks was scrapped. In the road outside his premises, was the result of the Germans' demolition waste recycling. It was a pinky looking aggregate with pieces of handmade brick, old tiles and discernible parts of useful old items mixed with crushed concrete. Is this the future for Europe?

directive

Translate directive | into Italian | into Spanish

noun

  • an official or authoritative instruction:a new EC directive

adjective

  • involving the management or guidance of operations:the authority is seeking a directive role in energy policy

Origin:

late Middle English (as an adjective): from medieval Latin directivus, from direct- 'guided, put straight', from the verb dirigere (see direct)




Phoneticdirect (ORDER) verb [T + object + to infinitive] FORMAL
to order someone, especially officially:
The judge directed the defendant to remain silent.

directions 
plural noun
information or orders telling you what to do:
I couldn't understand the directions on the packet.
He will be giving/issuing directions to judges on sentencing in the next few days.

directive 
noun [C] FORMAL
an official instruction:
The boss issued a directive about not using the fax machine.

injunction

  1. The act or an instance of enjoining; a command, directive, or order.
  2. Law. A court order prohibiting a party from a specific course of action.
Judicial Remedy awarded to restrain a particular activity; first used by courts of Equity to prevent conduct contrary to equity and good conscience. The injunction is a preventive measure to guard against future injuries, rather than one that affords a remedy for past injuries.


日文
━━ n. 命令; 【法】禁止命令, 履行命令.


香港法律界某名人撰中文 {禁令} 一書


Apple iPhone Hits Snag in Europe
A German court asked a Deutsche Telekom unit to change how it markets the iPhone after Vodafone sought an injunction.



cow2

Syllabification: cow
Pronunciation: /
 
kou/

verb

[with object] (usually be cowed) Cause (someone) to submit to one’s wishes by intimidation: the intellectuals had been cowed into silence More example sentences
  • But we have reached a frightening turning point if artists are cowed into silence by violence and threats.
  • Would we do it if we were not cowed by the threat of a US backlash?
  • Garang had a broad impassive face; he cultivated a ponderous dignity that often cowed his opponents.

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