2016年11月8日 星期二

diffuse, nihilism, overman, revolutionary, Ubermensch

 Power to the People: The Unexpected Influence of Small Coalitions
J. Gunnar Trumbull discusses his new book, Strength in Numbers, in which he argues that diffuse groups—environmentalists, consumer activists, farmers—wield great influence in areas of regulation including product safety and labor policy.


On Jan. 1, 1959, Fidel Castro led Cuban revolutionaries to victory over Fulgencio Batista.



In his deliberately provocative — and deeply nihilistic — new book, “Reality Hunger,” the onetime novelist David Shields asserts that fiction “has never seemed less central to the culture’s sense of itself.” He says he’s “bored by out-and-out fabrication, by myself and others; bored by invented plots and invented characters” and much more interested in confession and “reality-based art.” His own book can be taken as Exhibit A in what he calls “recombinant” or appropriation art.



Posted on November 7, 2016 by Lee Jay Yukio Mishima: The Last Great Japanese Author and…
MODERNTOKYOTIMES.COM

事實上,在尼采過世的20世紀,英語界才兩次有superman(1903),Superman(1938美國漫畫)的出現 :前文說過,1903年前多用overman,不過1903年蕭伯納的著名戲劇《人與超人》(Man and Superman)才使superman成為比overman更風行的翻譯。(參考20th Century Words)

尼采的超人等哲理,最好是讀原作或上下文更多的文選,才有意思,否則如下列的說法真如嚼蠟:
Wikipedia
In Thus spake Zarathustra (in German: Also sprach Zarathustra), the German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche explains the three steps through which man can become an Ubermensch (literally, "overman"):
1. By his will to destruction
2. By re-evaluating or destroying old ideals
3. By overcoming nihilism

我 們只談:希姆博爾斯卡的一首題名Utopia 的詩(By Wislawa Szymborska -From "A large number", 1976 Translated by S. Baranczak & C. Cavanagh)。它談人類知識-了解-欣賞的「烏托邦」。


revolutionary[rev・o・lu・tion・ar・y]

  • 発音記号[rèvəlúːʃənèri | -ʃənəri]

[形]
1 革命の;革命的な;大改革の
a revolutionary thinker
革命的思想家
revolutionary discoveries
革命的な発見.
2 ((R-))《米国史》アメリカ独立戦争(時代)の.
3 回転する.
━━[名]革命家[党員];革命論者[主義者].
rev・o・lu・tion・ar・i・ly
[副]
rev・o・lu・tion・ar・i・ness
[名]

appropriation

━━ n. 私用, 盗用, 着服; 充当(金); (所有者の権利主張がない場合の)合法的取得; (議会の)歳出割当承認; (議会の承認した)特別支出(金); 歳出予算.
appropriation account 【会計】(利益の)処分勘定.
appropriate

nihilism


発音,

ni・hil・ism
━━ n. 【哲】虚無主義, ニヒリズム.
ni・hil・ist ━━ n.
ni・hil・is・tic

  1. Philosophy.
    1. An extreme form of skepticism that denies all existence.
    2. A doctrine holding that all values are baseless and that nothing can be known or communicated.
  2. Rejection of all distinctions in moral or religious value and a willingness to repudiate all previous theories of morality or religious belief.
  3. The belief that destruction of existing political or social institutions is necessary for future improvement.
  4. also Nihilism A diffuse, revolutionary movement of mid 19th-century Russia that scorned authority and tradition and believed in reason, materialism, and radical change in society and government through terrorism and assassination.
  5. Psychiatry. A delusion, experienced in some mental disorders, that the world or one's mind, body, or self does not exist.
[Latin nihil, nothing + –ISM.]
nihilist ni'hil·ist n.
nihilistic ni'hil·is'tic adj.
nihilistically ni'hil·is'ti·cal·ly adv.



diffuse


 
音節
dif • fuse
レベル
社会人必須
diffuseの変化形
diffused (過去形) • diffused (過去分詞) • diffusing (現在分詞) • diffuses (三人称単数現在)
diffuseの慣用句
diffusely, (全1件)
[動] 〔difjúz〕 (他)
1 〈液体・熱・臭気などを〉散らす, 放散[拡散]させる;《物理学》〈光を〉散乱させる. ⇒SCATTER[類語]
diffuse heatlight
熱[光]を放散する.
2 〈学問・文化などを〉普及させる, 〈幸福などを〉行き渡らせる;〈うわさ・知識などを〉流布させる
diffuse a culture
ある文化を伝播(でんぱ)させる.
3 〈緊張などを〉ゆるめる.
━━(自)
1 放散する;広がる, 普及する.
2 《物理学》〈光が〉散乱する;〈ガス・液体が〉拡散する.
━━[形] 〔difjús〕
1 〈演説・文章が〉締まりがない, 散漫な;回りくどい, 言葉数の多い, 冗長な
a diffuse essay
締まりのない随筆.
2 拡散した, 散らばった, 広がった.
[ラテン語diffūsus(dif-離れて+fundere注ぐ+-sus過去分詞語尾). △FUSE1
dif・fuse・ly〔difjúsli〕
[副]散漫に;広く行き渡って.

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