2015年10月31日 星期六

relent, relentless, the vanquished, importation, rustics and hinds,

In a big win for employees, managers, and customers of “Market Basket” -- the supermarket chain in Massachusetts, New Hampshire, and Maine whose beloved CEO, Arthur T. Demoulas, was fired by a greedy board of directors who thought him too generous – Arthur T. is now back. Yesterday the board relented and agreed to sell the company to him. Arthur T. told cheering workers at the company’s headquarters in Tewksbury that he loved them, appreciated their efforts helping him gain control of the company, and was “in awe of what you have all accomplished.”
Over the last several weeks, the sacrifices of employees, managers, and customers of “Market Basket” gives new meaning to the old term “solidarity.” It also illustrates the power of treating such people as partners in an enterprise rather than as costs to be cut. When all benefit from a business's success, all will sacrifice to keep it successful. May the rest of American business take note.
2009/6/29 拾得一本1964台灣翻印書。
書主記"現在大學很辛苦,但想到將來前途光明,將加倍努力。" 書主現在任教台大?


1968年,我猛讀 IVANHOE =撒克遜英雄傳。現在什麼都忘記了。也沒好好讀一下原作。
2007/8/31 重讀這,想起Fellini的電影中拍完戲不肯散場的明星……
IVANHOE: A ROMANCE.by Walter Scott

Now fitted the halter, now traversed the cart,
And often took leave,----but seemed loath to depart!*

* The motto alludes to the Author returning to the stage repeatedly
* after having taken leave.




2004/6/29的筆記

關於英語簡史,我們不必研讀專書,而從Walter Scot小說《英雄艾文荷》 (IVANHOE) (項星耀譯,上海譯文出版社,1996)中,多少可以了解一些。
第一章說: 「」”……總之,法語是高尚的、騎士的語言,甚至正義的語言,而遠為成熟和表達力豐富的Anglo-Saxon,被拋在一邊,只有粗俗的下等人才使用 ……然而,在土地主人與被壓迫的,耕種土地的下等人之間,必須有互相溝通的工具…….慢慢產生了我們今天……英語。勝利者和被征服者的語言得到巧妙的結 合,後來它又常引入古典語言和南歐各國的語言,獲得了十分豐富的表現力…(p.3) ]
(CHAPTER I In short, French was the language of honour, of chivalry, and even of justice, while the far more manly and expressive Anglo-Saxon was abandoned to the use of rustics and hinds, who knew no other. Still, however, the necessary intercourse between the lords of the soil, and those oppressed inferior beings by whom that soil was cultivated, occasioned the gradual formation of a dialect, compounded betwixt the French and the Anglo-Saxon, in which they could render themselves mutually intelligible to each other; and from this necessity arose by degrees the structure of our present English language, in which the speech of the victors and the vanquished have been so happily blended together; and which has since been so richly improved by importations from the classical languages, and from those spoken by the southern nations of Europe.)

Caught red-handed
A Phrase A Week


Caught red-handedThe earliest known printed version of 'red-handed' is from Sir Walter Scott's Ivanhoe, 1819:
"I did but tie one fellow, who was taken redhanded and in the fact, to the horns of a wild stag."
Scott was an avid student of Scottish history and folklore, which he relentlessly mined for inspiration in his novel writing. He is certain to have heard 'redhand' before writing Ivanhoe. The step from 'redhand' to 'redhanded' isn't large, so calling Scott the originator of the term is perhaps being over generous to him. Nevertheless, the enormous popularity of his books





hind 3 Line breaks: hind
Pronunciation: /hʌɪnd/ 

noun

archaic, chiefly Scottish
1skilled farm worker, typically married and with a tied cottage.
1.1farm steward or bailiff.
1.2peasant or rustic.

Origin

Late Old English hīne 'household servants', apparently from hīgnahīna, genitive plural of hīgan,hīwan 'family members'.
 rustic

noun

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1often derogatory An unsophisticated country person:they paused to watch the rustics dance and carouse

Origin

Late Middle English (in the sense 'rural'): from Latin rusticus, from rus 'the country'.

relent

Line breaks: re¦lent
Pronunciation: /rɪˈlɛnt /


VERB

[NO OBJECT]
1Abandon or mitigate a severe or harsh attitude, especially by finally yielding to a request:she was going to refuse his request, but relented

1.1Become less severe or intense:the rain relented

Origin

late Middle English (in the sense 'dissolve, melt'): based on Latin re- 'back' + lentare 'to bend' (from lentus'flexible').


Definition of relentless in English:

relentless

Line breaks: re¦lent|less
Pronunciation: /rɪˈlɛntləs /


ADJECTIVE

1Unceasingly intense:the relentless heat of the desert

1.1Harsh or inflexible:a patient but relentless taskmaster


Derivatives


relentlessly

ADVERB



relentlessness

NOUN




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