2018年2月14日 星期三

floodlight, miniature, lea, illuminate, illuminati, promontory, a broken man

Maybe it’s not such a mad idea.

Questioning the hidden power of elites – even the Illuminati – is really quite sane, says the philosopher Julian Baggini

Why? Is it the brilliant metaphors? I think that is only half the truth. The other half is the visions, the illuminations in everyday life into which the metaphors have been inserted.

Sròn a Chorra Bhuilg, a typical promontory, in the Scottish Highlands.
A promontory is a prominent mass of land that overlooks lower lying land or a body of water (where it may be called a peninsula or headland).
Michelle Obama and the Evolution of a First Lady
Mrs. Obama’s adjustment to the White House — including, at times, severe tension with her husband’s staff — illuminates some of President Obama’s central challenges.

German billionaire industrialist Adolf Merckle has committed suicide. The body of the 74-year-old was found on the side of railway tracks close to his home near the southern city of Ulm. A statement released by the family said the global financial crisis and its effects on Merckle's business empire had turned him into a broken man. Merckle's business activities ranged from generic drugs to cement.


Leroy Anderson: Master of the Miniature

Soviet Foreign Minister Eduard Shevardnadze (left), protege of President and Communist Party Boss Mikhail Gorbachev, was a favorite of the Illuminati.

Illuminati (plural of Latin illuminatus, "enlightened") is a name that refers to several groups, both historical and modern, and both real and fictitious. Historically, it refers specifically to the Bavarian Illuminati, an Enlightenment-era secret society founded on May 1st, 1776. In modern times it is also used to refer to a purported conspiratorial organization which acts as a shadowy power behind the throne, allegedly controlling world affairs through present day governments and corporations, usually as a modern incarnation or continuation of the Bavarian Illuminati. In this context, Illuminati is often used in reference to a New World Order (NWO). Many conspiracy theorists believe the Illuminati are the masterminds behind events that will lead to the establishment of such a New World Order. Confusing the issue further is the fact that there are also several modern fraternal groups which include the word "Illuminati" in their names.

The “passive” sign is not studded with light-emitting diodes like so many others in Times Square, but will be lighted by 16 300-watt floodlights. It will feature custom-printed opaque vinyl sheeting bearing the red-and-white Ricoh logo. The sign will be green, nevertheless, a message “to customers, other companies and the world that resources and energy can be used creatively,” Mr. Potesky said. “The point is that there are ways of being environmentally friendly to the planet, even on a billboard.”


━━ vt. 照らす; イルミネーションを施す; 明らかにする; 啓蒙する; (写本などを)彩飾する, (最初の文字)を色彩[金銀]で飾る; 光彩を添える.
 il・lu・mi・nat・ed ━━ a. イルミネーションを施した; 彩色した.
 il・lu・mi・nat・ing ━━ a. (問題などの)解明に役立つ, 啓蒙的[啓発的]な; 明るくする, 照らす.
il・lu・mi・nat・ing・ly ad.
 il・lu・mi・na・tion ━━ n. 照明; 光量; (pl.) イルミネーション, 電飾; 光源; 【光】=illuminance; 解明, 啓蒙; (普通pl.) (写本の)彩飾.
 ━━ a.
 il・lu・mi・na・tor ━━ n.

  1. Artificial light in an intensely bright and broad beam.
  2. A unit that produces a beam of intense light; a flood.
tr.v.-light·ed or -lit (-lĭt'), -light·ing-lights.
To illuminate with a floodlight.
n. - 泛光照明, 泛光燈, 強力照明
v. tr. - 用泛光燈照亮

日本語 (Japanese)
n. - フラッドライト, 投光照明灯, 投光照明器
v. - 投光照明灯で照らす


Come on, admit it: is there anything more awesome than miniaturization?
The Walkman put a stereo system in your pocket and changed the game forever. A modern digital watch has the computing power of a roomful of 1950s computer gear. And people are watching TV shows these days on iPods about the size of a business card.


━━ n. 細密(肖像)画, 細密画法; (一般に)小型版; 縮図.
 in miniature 小規模に; 縮小した.
━━ a. 縮小した; 小型の; 小型模型の.
━━ vt. 細密画に描く; 縮写する.
 min・ia・tur・ist ━━ n. 細密(肖像)画家.
 min・i・a・tur・ize ━━ vt. 小型化する.
min・i・a・tur・i・za・tion n.


(mĭn'ē-ə-chʊr', -chər, mĭn'ə-pronunciation
miniature is a small-scale reproduction, or a small variation.
In certain contexts, miniature may mean:

broken (DAMAGED) Show phonetics
1 damaged, no longer able to work:
He attacked the man with a broken bottle.
My watch is broken.
Careful - there's broken glass on the floor.

2 [before noun] suffering emotional pain so great that it changes the way you live, usually as a result of an unpleasant event:
He was broken man after his wife died.

lea (lee, lay)

A grassland.

From Old English leah (meadow). Ultimately from the Indo-European root leuk- (light) that has resulted in other words such as lunar, lunatic, light, lightning, lucid, illuminate, illustrate, translucent, lux, and lynx

"The lowing herd winds slowly o'er the lea." — Thomas Gray; Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard.



  • 1People claiming to possess special enlightenment or knowledge of something.
    ‘some mysterious standard known only to the illuminati of the organization’
    1. 1.1 A sect of 16th-century Spanish heretics who claimed special religious enlightenment.
    2. 1.2 A Bavarian secret society founded in 1776, organized like the Freemasons.


Late 16th century: plural of Italian illuminato or Latin illuminatus ‘enlightened’, past participle of illuminare (see illuminate).

(ĭ-lū'mə-nāt') pronunciation

v., -nat·ed, -nat·ing, -nates. v.tr.
  1. To provide or brighten with light.
  2. To decorate or hang with lights.
  3. To make understandable; clarify: "Cleverly made attacks can . . . serve to illuminate important differences between candidates" (New Republic).
  4. To enlighten intellectually or spiritually; enable to understand.
  5. To endow with fame or splendor; celebrate.
  6. To adorn (a page of a book, for example) with ornamental designs, miniatures, or lettering in brilliant colors or precious metals.
  7. To expose to or reveal by radiation.
  1. To become lighted; glow.
  2. To provide intellectual or spiritual enlightenment and understanding: "Once you decide to titillate instead of illuminate, you're on a slippery slope" (Bill Moyers).
  3. To be exposed to or revealed by radiation.
n. (-nĭt)
One who has or professes to have an unusual degree of enlightenment.

[Middle English illuminaten, from Latin illūmināre, illūmināt- : in-, in; see in-2 + lūmināre, to light up (from lūmen, lūmin-, light).]
illuminatingly il·lu'mi·nat'ing·ly adv.


  • 発音記号[ilùːmənéiʃən]
1 [U]明るくすること, 照明;照らされていること[状態];((通例〜s))((主に英))イルミネーション, 電飾
stage illumination
indirect illumination
the brilliant illumination of the room
2 [U]啓蒙(けいもう), 啓示, 解明, 説明
search for spiritual illumination
3 《光学》照度:単位面積に当たる光の量;ルクス(lux)で表す.
4 ((通例〜s))(頭文字・ページ・写本の絵の具・金泥による)彩飾.

miniature Line breaks: mini|ature
Pronunciation: /ˈmɪnɪtʃə/

Definition of miniature in English:


Very small of its kind:children dressed as miniature adults


Back to top  
1A thing that is much smaller than normal, especially a small replica or model:seven full-size car bodies and three miniatures were used
1.1A very small bottle of spirits:he drank miniatures of brandy on the flight
1.2A plant or animal that is a smaller version of an existing variety or breed:miniatures for your rock garden
1.3A very small and highly detailed portrait or other painting:an exhibition of one hundred pastels and miniatures
1.4A picture or decorated letter in an illuminatedmanuscript:catalogue devoted to cut-out miniatures from despoiled manuscripts


[WITH OBJECT] literaryBack to top  
Represent on a smaller scale:she saw her own reflection miniatured


in miniature

On a small scale:a place that is Greece in miniature


Late 16th century: from Italian miniatura, via medieval Latin from Latin miniare 'rubricate, illuminate', fromminium 'red lead, vermilion' (used to mark particular words in manuscripts).

  • When monks and scribes decorated the initial letters of chapters in illuminated manuscripts, they often painted small images. It was not the smallness that miniature originally referred to, though, but the colour of the paint used for the capital letters. Latinminium was a word for the red pigment vermilion. It is the source of Italian miniatura, which originally referred to the illuminating of manuscript letters but came to be used for small portraits, and gave us miniature in the late 16th century. Mini is an abbreviation of miniature that became popular in the early 20th century. The Mini car, originally known as the Mini Minor, was launched by the British Motor Corporation in 1959, and became an iconic vehicle of the swinging 60s that was immortalized in the film The Italian Job ( 1969). The other mini of the 60s was the miniskirt, which symbolized the decade's sexual permissiveness. The French fashion designer André Courrèges is credited with its invention, although it was popularized by Mary Quant. The word is first recorded in 1965, the year when the fashion was first seen.