2015年12月15日 星期二

the hold, climate, inure, enure, harden, lay hold of, blank, acclimate, acclimatized,

It comes despite Russian and British investigations claiming the plane was brought down after a bomb is believed to have been stored in the hold with an Isis affiliate claiming the attack in November.



Yale Daily News
11月16日 21:12 ·

UNIVERSITY: Alumni voice opinions on campus climate
“A number of alumni have contacted me, primarily through email, expressing support for our minority students, as well as an interest in making sure that Yale is a campus where there can be a free exchange of ideas — and I think it’s important to note that many of these email messages express both sentiments,” Salovey told the News.


【8/28新聞想想】日本二戰擴張 亞洲各國想法各異
《經濟學人》此文以李登輝最近的受訪內容為出發,探討亞洲各國在二戰結束70年後對日本殖民統治的態度,並指出日本在本世紀初的帝國擴張,在亞洲並非所有人都持那麼負面的觀點。
作者認為李登輝「以日本人身份為國家而戰」的說法在歷史上是正確的,因為台灣自1895年之後就未受「中國大陸」統治。李登輝的觀點儘管「大膽」,在台灣卻很常見,李登輝對日本殖民主義的矛盾情緒,在亞洲也並不特殊。
日本首相安倍晉三日前的二戰紀念談話並不為中韓接受,其中有一部份原因和他是岸信介的孫子有關,另一部份則是未清楚表達對侵略和慰安婦的說法。安倍的想法中,日本在贏得日俄戰爭後挑戰西方主導的世界秩序,但「走錯了路」。當年日本並不視自己為侵略者,而是解放亞洲各國的解放者,他們甚至激勵了各國的民族主義者,如中國的毛澤東和後來成為印度獨立後首任總理的尼赫魯(Jawaharlal Nehru)。在某些國家,武裝反叛者亦和日本結盟合作,例如緬甸的翁山和印度的激進獨立運動領袖Subhas Chandra Bose。
今日東南亞國家並不特別反日,原因在於日本殖民雖殘暴,但是和西方殖民比較起來時間並不長,而且日本作為捐款國、貿易伙伴、投資國、結盟對抗中國的伙伴等角色,都更符合他們的國家利益。日本對二戰的誠心道歉當然很好,但沒有那麼重要。
中國和南韓都或多或少受強烈的民族主義驅使,日本的道歉無論如何都不足夠,則是另一回事了。

A 92-YEAR-OLD politician may be inured to insults, however outrageous his alleged transgression. Even so Lee Teng-hui, Taiwan’s president from 1988 to 2000, may...
ECONOMIST.COM




Leyla Yunus, an imprisoned human rights defender in Azerbaijan, can bear it all. Physical pain, pressure from hardened prisoners, visits from the prosecutor’s office. "Most difficult of all is you are not nearby," she writes to her husband. After 36 years of being together, the country's authoritarian president has separated them http://econ.st/1hQ3p1I


 No Biographers of his Calibre spend their Time there. Stop—this is Weakness and Fear speaking; first I must be contented with myself, in Solitude, before I meet another Biographer. I must acclimate to my Life without Boswell.


Tolerance: the person becomes acclimatized, requiring increasing amounts of Internet time to get that "buzz."


SPORTS

Slide Show SLIDE SHOW: Adjusting on and Off the Course
Chie Arimura, a 25-year-old professional golfer from Japan, came to the United States on her own and has struggled to acclimate.



....her face hardened.



climate Line breaks: cli|mate
Pronunciation: /ˈklʌɪmət/


Definition of climate in English:

noun

1The weather conditions prevailing in an area in general or over a long period:our cold, wet climate[MASS NOUN]: agricultural development is constrained by climate
1.1A region with a particular climate:he had grown up in a hot climate
1.2The prevailing trend of public opinion or of another aspect of life:the current economic climate

Origin

Late Middle English: from Old French climat or late Latin climaclimat-, from Greek klima 'slope, zone', from klinein 'to slope'. The term originally denoted a zone of the earth between two lines of latitude, then any region of the earth, and later, a region considered with reference to its atmospheric conditions. Compare with clime.

lay hold of

Grasp, seize on, as in He clutched at branches, shrubs, anything he could lay hold of to break his fall. [First half of 1500s] Also see get hold of.







acclimate




verb

[no object] (often acclimate to) chiefly North American
  • acclimatize:helping freshmen to acclimate to college life
  •  Biology respond physiologically or behaviourally to a change in a single environmental factor:trees may acclimate to high CO2 levels by reducing the number of stomataCompare with acclimatize.
  •  [with object] Botany & Horticulture harden off (a plant).





Derivatives

acclimation
noun

Origin:

late 18th century: from French acclimater, from a- (from Latin ad 'to, at') + climat 'climate'

acclimate


音節
ac • cli • mate
発音
ǽkləmèit, əkláimət
acclimateの変化形
acclimated (過去形) • acclimated (過去分詞) • acclimating (現在分詞) • acclimates (三人称単数現在)

[動](他)(自)((米))〈人・動植物を[が]〉(新しい風土・環境・情況に)順応[順化]させる[する](adapt)((to ...)).


blank (blăngk) pronunciationadj., blank·er, blank·est.
    1. Devoid of writing, images, or marks: a blank page; a blank screen.
    2. Containing no information; unrecorded or erased: a blank tape; a blank diskette.
  1. Not completed or filled in: a blank questionnaire.
  2. Not having received final processing; unfinished: a blank key.
    1. Lacking expression; expressionless: "Although his gestures were elaborate, his face was blank" (Nathanael West). See synonyms at empty.
    2. Appearing or seeming to appear dazed or confused: greeted me with a blank stare.
  3. Devoid of thought or impression: a blank mind.
  4. Devoid of activity, interest, or distinctive character; empty: tried to fill the blank hours of the day.
  5. Absolute; complete: a blank refusal.
n.
  1. An empty space or place; a void: During the exam my mind was a blank.
    1. An empty space on a document to be filled in.
    2. A document with one or more such spaces.
  2. A manufactured article of a standard shape or form that is ready for final processing, as by stamping or cutting: a key blank.
  3. A blank cartridge.
  4. Something worthless, such as a losing lottery ticket.
  5. A mark, usually a dash (-), indicating the omission of a word or of a letter or letters.
  6. The white circle in the center of a target; a bull's-eye.

v., blanked, blank·ing, blanks. v.tr.
  1. To remove, as from view; obliterate: "At times the strong glare of the sun blanked it from sight" (Richard Wright).
  2. To block access to: blank off a subway tunnel.
  3. Sports. To prevent (an opponent) from scoring.
  4. To punch or stamp from flat stock, especially with a die.
v.intr.
  1. To become abstracted. Often used with out: My mind blanked out for a few seconds.
  2. To fail to find or remember something: I blanked when asked the name of our mayor.
  3. To fade away: The music gradually blanked out.
[Middle English, white, having spaces to be filled in, from Old French blanc, white, of Germanic origin.]
blankly blank'ly adv.
blankness blank'ness n.


hard·en (här'dn) pronunciation

v.
, -ened, -en·ing, -ens. v.tr.
  1. To make hard or harder.
  2. To enable to withstand physical or mental hardship.
  3. To make unfeeling, unsympathetic, or callous: "To love love and not its meaning hardens the heart in monstrous ways" (Archibald MacLeish).
  4. To make sharp, as in outline.
  5. To protect (nuclear weapons) by surrounding with earth or concrete.
v.intr.
  1. To become hard or harder.
  2. To rise and become stable. Used of prices.
  3. To become inured.
SYNONYMS harden, acclimate, acclimatize, season, toughen. These verbs mean to make resistant to hardship, especially through continued exposure: was hardened to frontier life; is acclimated to the tropical heat; was acclimatized by long hours to overwork; became seasoned to life in prison; toughened by experience.

in·ure en·ure (ĭn-yʊr') pronunciation
also
tr.v., -ured, also -ured, -ur·ing, -ur·ing, -ures, -ures.
To habituate to something undesirable, especially by prolonged subjection; accustom: "Though the food became no more palatable, he soon became sufficiently inured to it" (John Barth).
[Middle English, back-formation from enured, customary, from in ure : in, in; see in1 + ure, use (from Old French euvre, uevre, work , from Latin opera, activity associated with work).]
inurement in·ure'ment n.


harden


 音節
hard • en
発音
hɑ'ːrdn
レベル
大学入試程度
hardenの変化形
hardens (複数形) • hardened (過去形) • hardened (過去分詞) • hardening (現在分詞) • hardens (三人称単数現在)
[動](他)
1 〈物を〉堅くする, 固める, 硬化する;((しばしば受身))〈水を〉硬水にする.
2III[名]([副])]〈人・心を〉非情にする, 頑固にする, かたくなにする, 〈性格・感情などを〉強固にする, ますます強化する;((受身))(…に対して)無感覚になる((to ...))
harden a person's convictions
確信を深める
Constant failure hardened him to criticism.
失敗を繰り返したので彼は批判に動じなくなった.
3III[名]([副])]〈体などを〉がんじょうにする, 強健にする, 鍛える
Years of farm work has hardened his body.
何年も農場で仕事をして彼の体はたくましくなった.
4 〈軍事施設を〉核爆撃に備えて補強する;〈ミサイルを〉地下サイロに入れる.
━━(自)
1 〈物が〉堅くなる, 硬化する, 固まる;〈水が〉硬水になる.
2 〈心などが〉無情になる;〈顔つきなどが〉きびしくなる, こわばる.
3 〈人が〉(困難などに)慣れる, 粘り強くなる, 〈事が〉確固たるものとなる, 強固になる.
4 〈市場・物価などが〉落ち着く, 堅調になる, 高くなる, 上がる.



hold 2 Line breaks: hold
Pronunciation: /həʊld/ 

noun

A large compartment or space in the lower part of a ship or aircraft in which cargo is stowed.

Origin

Late 16th century: from obsolete holl, from Old English hol (see hole). The addition of -d was due to association with hold1.

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