2016年4月30日 星期六

presence, quell, disperse, jolt, fine, demonstration, susurrus, downwind, oil dispersants, plainclothes

Not long after police ordered the crowd to disperse, a group of people swarmed a police car and at least one man jumped on its roof.
At least one fight broke and one police cruisers' windows were smashed.

Russian President Vladimir Putin has appeared in public for the first time since 5 March, quelling intense speculation about his health.http://bbc.in/1CmwvhT
Recount Offer Fails to Quell Political Tumult in Iran
On a second day of huge demonstrations, the government placed tight restrictions on media coverage, especially by foreign journalists.

Intel Fine Jolts Tech Sector
The EU hit Intel with a $1.45 billion fine and called for changes in the way the U.S. company sells the microprocessors at the heart of most of the world's PCs.

Rampage in Pakistan Shows Reach of Militants

Pakistan’s inability to quell violence will complicate President Obama’s efforts to bring order to Afghanistan.

Obama Presses for Quick Jolt to the Economy

President Obama stepped into the effort to assemble an economic recovery package, seeking to quell criticism and to retain leadership on an initiative that could define his term.

Japan concerned over Taiwan's growing ties with China
Telegraph.co.uk - United KingdomTaiwan has moved to quell fears in Japan that it is turning its back on its former ally in favour of China, despite growing evidence that Taipei and Beijing ...

China Quells Parents' Protest

Riot police were called in to disperse a crowd of hundreds of parents in southwestern China whose children were killed in school collapses during May's massive earthquake.




Heavy Presence of Chinese Police Quells Rioting in Tibet's Capital

A week of tense confrontations over Chinese rule in Tibet turn violent Friday, March 14, 2008, as hundreds of protesters clash with police and set fire to shops in the center of Lhasa. Tibet, once an independent state, has been ruled directly by Beijing since the 1950s, and human rights groups charge that China is trying to erase the province's culture.

Washington Post Foreign Service
Sunday, March 16, 2008;

TEHRAN, June 13 -- A pivotal presidential election in Iran ended in confusion and confrontation early Saturday as both sides claimed victory and plainclothes officers fired tear gas to disperse a cheering crowd outside the campaign headquarters of opposition candidate Mir Hossein Mousavi.

plainclothes 便服
Wearing civilian clothes while on duty to avoid being identified as police or security: a plainclothes detective.

Japanese officials have stressed other differences between Fukushima and Chernobyl. At Chernobyl, a burning graphite reactor pushed radioactive particles high into the atmosphere and downwind across Europe. At Fukushima, the leak mostly produced radioactive liquid runoff into the ocean and low-altitude radioactive particles that have dispersed into the ocean, which suggests that the crisis could pose fewer health risks.

BP Used Lots of Dispersant Despite EPA Rule
In late May, the Environmental Protection Agency said oil dispersants should only be rarely used, but the Coast Guard granted exemptions 74 times in a period of 54 days.

disperse Show phonetics
verb [I or T]
to scatter or move away over a large area, or to make something do this:
When the rain came down the crowds started to disperse.
Police dispersed the crowd that had gathered around the building.


dis • perse
dispersed (過去形) • dispersed (過去分詞) • dispersing (現在分詞) • disperses (三人称単数現在)
1 〈人々を〉(四方に)散らす, ちりぢりにする;〈雲・霧を〉消散させる. ⇒SCATTER[類語]
The crowd has been dispersed.
2 〈知識などを〉広める, 伝播(ぱ)する;〈ビラなどを〉まき散らす;〈人々を〉あちこちに配置する
book dispersed throughout the world
The Jewish people are widely dispersed.
3 〈苦痛を〉追い払う, 一掃する;〈疑いを〉晴らす.
4 《物理化学》〈粒子を〉(均一に)拡散させる;《光学》〈光を〉(プリズムで)分光する.
1 〈群衆などが〉四散[離散]する, ちりぢりになる
The children dispersed in all directions.
2 〈雲・霧などが〉消散する, 晴れる.
[ラテン語dispērsus(di-離れて+spargereばらまく=あちらこちらばらまく). △SPARSE

n. Chemistry
A liquid or gas added to a mixture to promote dispersion or to maintain dispersed particles in suspension.


In the direction in which the wind blows.

downwind down'wind' adj.

susurrus (soo-SUHR-uhs)

noun: A whispering or rustling sound.

From Latin susurrus (whisper, humming), from susurrare (to whisper or hum), of imitative origin. Earliest documented use: 1826.

"A susurrus of dismay rustled through the ranks of the Aboriginal leaders gathered there." — Annabel Crabb; Gracious Rudd Turns Grubby; The Sydney Morning Herald (Australia); Oct 31, 2009.

present (PLACE)
adjective [after verb]
in a particular place:
The whole family was present.
There were no children present.

1 [S] when someone or something is in a place:
She was overawed by the presence of so many people.
The presence of pollen in the atmosphere causes hay fever in some people.
He's usually quite polite in my presence.
The document was signed in the presence of two witnesses.

2 [C usually singular] a feeling that someone is still in a place although they are not there or are dead:
His daughter's presence seemed to fill her empty bedroom.

3 [S] a group of police or soldiers who are watching or controlling a situation:
The United Nations has maintained a presence in the region for some time.
There was a strong police presence at the demonstration.

4 [U] APPROVING a quality that makes people notice or admire you, even when you are not speaking:
stage presence
He stood there in the corner of the room, a dark, brooding (= worrying) presence.

verb [T]
to stop something, especially by using force:
Police in riot gear were called in to quell the disturbances/unrest.
This latest setback will have done nothing to quell the growing doubts about the future of the club.

1 [I or T; usually + adverb or preposition] to (cause something or someone to) move suddenly and violently:
The train stopped unexpectedly and we were jolted forwards.
The truck jolted along the rough track through the field.

2 [T] to shock someone in order to change their behaviour or way of thinking:
The charity used photos of starving children in an attempt to jolt the public conscience (= make them feel guilty and take action).

noun [C]
1 a sudden violent movement:
As the plane touched the ground, there was a massive jolt and we were thrown forwards.
I woke up with a jolt as I thought I heard my bedroom door being pushed open.

2 an unpleasant shock or surprise:
His self-confidence took a sudden jolt with the news that he had not been selected.

demonstrate (MARCH) Show phonetics
verb [I]
to make a public expression of dissatisfaction, especially by marching or having a meeting:
Thousands of people gathered to demonstrate against the new proposals.

demonstration Show phonetics
noun [C] (INFORMAL demo)
when a group of people march or stand together to show that they disagree with or support something or someone:
The students are holding a demonstration to protest against the increase in their fees.
Protesters staged an anti-war demonstration in front of the US embassy.

demonstrator Show phonetics
noun [C]
a person who marches or stands with a group of people to show that they disagree with or support something or someone:
Police arrested several of the demonstrators.

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China seeks to quell quake parents' outrage
Reuters - USA
By Chris Buckley JUYUAN, China June 9 (Reuters) - Chinese officials have sent condolences and payments to parents of children killed in a school that ...