2017年4月4日 星期二

false, falsehood, false-hearted, heart-rending, empirical research, heart symbol OED, heart-rending


Stanley McChrystal: Save PBS. It Makes Us Safer.

By STANLEY McCHRYSTAL

President Trump wants to eliminate funding for the Corporation for Public Broadcasting while increasing it for the military. That's a false choice.

All novelists, whether they like it or not, are creatures of Cervantes; "Don Quixote" is one of the most influential works in the entire canon of literature. Cervantes died on April 22nd 1616
Miguel de Cervantes died on this day in 1616
ECON.ST


The Canada-based aunt of drowned Syrian boy Alan Kurdi has given an emotional account of the tragedy which destroyed her brother's family as they tried to cross the sea to Greece.


Syrian boy Alan Kurdi's aunt gives a heart-rending account of how her nephews drowned
BBC.IN

“Most of the empirical research in finance, whether published in academic journals or put into production as an active trading strategy by an investment manager, is likely false. This implies that half the financial products that companies are selling to clients are false.” A poor use of statistics may mean that trading strategies promising to outperform the market are nonsensehttp://econ.st/1Dek2r0




False hope
LET me tell you about the perfect investment offer. Each week you will receive a share recommendation from a fund manager, telling you whether the stock’s price...
ECON.ST


Remade in Japan: a year on from the tsunami
Mirror.co.uk
Japan had suffered its worse natural disaster in a generation. The images were heart-rending but, through their pain and loss, the Japanese people have showed the world they have the strength and resilience to come together in unity and rebuild their ...



Heart symbol enters Oxford English Dictionary The heart sign has entered the Oxford English Dictionary as the first graphical symbol to signify a word in the reference work's 127-year history.

e reference work's 127-year history.
Heart symbol enters Oxford English Dictionary
The symbol is among 45,437 new words and meanings added to the latest revision of the dictionary Photo: ALAMY

Readers looking up the word “heart” will find the symbol listed as an entirely new usage, as a verb meaning “to love”.
Perhaps the most famous example, which is included in the latest edition of the dictionary, is the New York tourism advertising slogan: I [heart] NY.
Its earliest recorded use is on a car bumper sticker printed in the US in 1984, which read: “I [heart] my dog’s head.”
Researchers believe the use of the heart symbol in this way is the first time a typographical innovation developed through such bumper stickers and tee-shirts has entered mainstream language use.
The symbol is among 45,437 new words and meanings added to the latest revision of the dictionary, which is held to be the most authoritative and comprehensive record of the English language in the world.


Among the additions are phrases which reflect the spread of technology, such as OMG, a
abbreviation of “Oh my God” used in mobile phone texting, and dotbomb for an internet
company which has spectacularly failed.

Changing obsessions in society are also reflected in the first entries for: Wags – the wives
and girlfriends of footballers; muffin top – “a protuberance of flesh above the waistband of a
tight pair of trousers”; and ego-surfing – “searching on the internet for mentions of one’s own
name”.

The newest addition to the rich variety of English words for being drunk is now lashed (also
included as the phrase on the lash), while the happy camper and the domestic goddess should
avoid bogus callers, or they might suffer a crack-up and end up in singledom.

Several entries reflect the nation’s increasingly eclectic diet, with the first mentions of: banh
mi – a Vietnamese sandwich with pickles and meat; taquito - a small Mexican taco, or fried
roll of filled maize bread; and kleftiko – a Greek dish of slow-cooked lamb.

The OED was first published in 10 volumes in 1884, but it took 100 years for the full second
edition to be published, by which time its size had doubled to over 59million words in 20
volumes.

A comprehensive updating was begun in 1989, and it is now available online, where the
 latest
 meanings will be added today.

The largest single entry is the verb “to run”, which has 645 different senses, phrases and
 idiomatic uses. Its entry is half as large again as the next-longest one, which is “to put”.

Graeme Diamond, the principal editor of the OED's new words group, said: "While symbols
do become spelt-out words relatively frequently, it’s usually only with a mundane meaning as
the name of the symbol - “star” for *, “hash” for #, and so on.

"It’s very unusual for it to happen in such an evocative and tangential way, and this is due to
 the special place the heart (as an organ of the human body) occupies in the language.

"In English, since the late 12th century the heart had been thought of as the seat of love and
affection."

New words or meanings:

Bang one’s head against a brick wall – (phrase) to engage in a futile or fruitless effort

Hedge one’s bets – (phrase) to confront uncertain circumstances by pursuing multiple courses
of action; to avoid committing oneself.

Five-second rule (also three- and ten-) – (noun) a notional rule which permits the retrieval and consumption of dropped food within the specified period of time

Scrunchy – (adj) of a wrinkled or ruffled appearance

State-run – (adj) operated or managed by the government of a country

Tragic – (noun) a boring or socially inept person, especially a person who pursues a solitary interest with obsessive dedication

Tinfoil hat – (noun) used with allusion to the belief that such a hat made of metal foil will protect the wearer from mind control or surveillance

Storming – (adj) great, excellent, marvellous

Tasty – violent, good at fighting

Yuck factor – (noun) a feeling of horror, revulsion, or disgust generated by an idea, action
or situation






falseLine breaks: false
Pronunciation: /fɔːls/
 /fɒls/



Definition of false in English:

adjective

1Not according with truth or factincorrect:he was feeding false information to his customersthe allegations were false
1.1Not according with rules or law:false imprisonment
2Made to imitate something in order to deceive:the trunk had a false bottoma false passport
3.1[ATTRIBUTIVE] Used in names of plantsanimals, andgems that superficially resemble the thing properlyso called, e.g. false oat.

Origin

Old English fals 'fraud, deceit', from Latin falsum 'fraud', neuter past participle of fallere 'deceive'; reinforced or re-formed in Middle English from Old French falsfaus'false'.



falsehood

Pronunciation: /ˈfɔːlshʊd/ 
 /ˈfɒlshʊd/ 



NOUN

[MASS NOUN]
1The state of being untrue:the truth or falsehood of the many legends which surround her
1.1[COUNT NOUN] A lie:downright falsehood
1.2Lying:the right to sue for malicious falsehood

heart-rend·ing or heart·rend·ing (härt r n d ng). adj. Causing anguish or deep distress; arousing deep sympathy. 

heart-rending. adj. causing great mental pain ...

false-heart'ed

(fôls'här'tĭd)
adj.
Of a deceitful nature; treacherous.

false-heartedness false'-heart'ed·ness n.

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