2017年3月21日 星期二

crony, cronyism, nepotism, crony capitalism, cry foul, merriment and diversion





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1. Russia 2. Malaysia 3. The Philippines



Across the world, politically connected tycoons are feeling the squeeze
ECON.ST


The best way to solve the problems of “bad capitalism” (monopolies and cronyism) is to unleash the virtues of “good capitalism” (competition and innovation)


DAVE SPART has been a stalwart of Private Eye, a British satirical magazine, since the 1970s. The bearded Bolshevik has never wavered in his enthusiasm for...
ECON.ST


March 15th 2014



Crony Capitalism Comes Home

By NICHOLAS D. KRISTOF
Occupy Wall Street has found traction because the U.S. is now guilty of what it's accused others of practicing: crony capitalism.





STEVE SACK/ STAR TRIBUNE / CREATOR'S SYNDICATE




Finally -- for those who were wondering -- despite our last names, we are not related in any way, and this interview was not done out of nepotism. However, we did learn that we were both born and grew up around the Los Angeles area and can trace our Chinese family roots to Hong Kong…like perhaps hundreds of thousands of people of Chinese ancestry living in SoCal.


Sarkozy Son Spurs Nepotism Cry
French President Sarkozy's son is in the running for a key job overseeing commerce at Paris's business district, causing opposition lawmakers to cry foul.



The fight against crony capitalism


“People of the same trade seldom meet together, even for merriment and diversion, but the conversation ends in a conspiracy against the public, or in some contrivance to raise prices. It is impossible indeed to prevent such meetings, by any law which either could be executed, or would be consistent with liberty and justice. But though the law cannot hinder people of the same trade from sometimes assembling together, it ought to do nothing to facilitate such assemblies, much less to render them necessary.” Adam Smith, Wealth of Nations
 
亞當斯密(Adam Smith)在《國富論》(Wealth of Nations)中寫道:同業中人,會在一起,即令以娛樂消遣為目的,言談之下,恐亦不免是對付公眾的陰謀,是抬高價格的策劃。想用某項能實施卻又不違 反自由正義的法律,來阻止同業者不時的聚會,固屬難能,但立法使其便於集會,尤其是立法使其集會成為必要,卻亦是錯誤的措施。(郭大力、王亞南譯本—— 譯者注)



crony
noun [C] INFORMAL
a friend, or a person who works for someone in authority, especially one who is willing to give and receive dishonest help:
The General and his cronies are now awaiting trial for drug-smuggling.
The noun cronyism has one meaning:
Meaning #1: favoritism shown to friends and associates (as by appointing them to positions without regard for their qualifications)
Synonym: croneyism

n. - (不顧其資格)任用親信
n. (官職のポストに就く時などの)えこひいき.

nepotism

nep·o·tism (nĕp'ə-tĭz'əm) pronunciation
noun [U] DISAPPROVING
using your power or influence to obtain good jobs or unfair advantages for members of your own family:
He was guilty of nepotism and corruption.n. - 偏袒, 裙帶關係, 起用親戚
━━ n. 縁故採用; 情実.
nepotistic Show phonetics
adjective DISAPPROVING

nep・o・tist ━━ n.


The Cost Of Corruption
Steve Kichen and Samantha N. Wong
An important survey rates nations on bribery, cronyism, nepotism and their impact on business competitiveness.

diversion[di・ver・sion]
  • 発音記号[divə'ːrʒən | daivə'ːʃən]
[名]
1 気晴らし, 娯楽.
2 流れを変える水路;排水路;((主に英))迂回(うかい)路, 回り道(detour).
3 [U][C](目的・方向・注意などを)わきへそらせること, 転換;(資金の)転用, 流用
a diversion of tax money to local governments
税金の地方自治体への流用.
4 《軍事》牽制(けんせい), 陽動(作戦).
di・ver・sion・ìsm
[名][U]偏向.
di・ver・sion・ar・y
[形]注意をそらす.

1 則留言:

hanching chung 提到...

nepotism (NEP-uh-tiz-uhm)

noun: Favoritism shown to relatives and friends, especially in business or political appointments.

Etymology
From Italian nepotismo, from Latin nepos (grandson, nephew). Ultimately from the Indo-European root nepot- (grandson, nephew) that is also the source of the words nephew and niece.

Notes
The word originated from the practice of popes in the Roman Catholic Church to confer important positions to their sons. Since a pope had taken the vow of chastity, his son was euphemistically called a nephew.

Usage
"What is not siphoned off in corruption is wasted, due to the ineptitude of those appointed on the basis of nepotism and cronyism." — Mahreen Aziz Khan; Demo-crassy Rules; The Express Tribune (Karachi, Pakistan); Sep 25, 2010.