2016年1月4日 星期一

echo down, anechoic, radar, stub, stubbed out, turn in, snuff out,

77 Years Later, Yacht Repeats a Trans-Pacific Win
Dorade, a 52-foot wooden sailboat considered the forebear of modern racing yachts, captured the Los Angeles to Honolulu race this week, echoing its 1936 victory.

Honolulu Advertiser; Ultimate Sailing

Philip Scott Andrews/The New York Times
A News Story Grows With ‘Occupy’ Protests
As the Occupy Wall Street protests are echoed in cities like Tampa, Fla., news organizations across the country are tuning in. Above, papers at Washington’s Newseum.


Op-Ed Contributor

Stubbing Out Cigarettes for Good

We've done a good job of reducing smoking rates. Now it's time to finish the job.
anechoic, Big deal! on the RadarComposer and artist John Cage, best known to the general public as the creator of the piece 4.33 that comprises four minutes thirty-three seconds of silence, first became fascinated by the subject in the late 1940s. "I found out by experiment (I entered the anechoic chamber at Harvard University) that silence is not acoustic," he writes. "It is a change of mind, a turning around. I devoted my music to it." In another account of his experience, he tells us that he "discovered that silence was not the absence of sound but the unintended operation of my nervous system and the circulation of my blood. It was this experience and the white paintings of Rauschenberg that led me to compose 4.33. . . ." Cage's words are on my mind as I arrive for my flotation session, carrying a towel in a rucksack as though on a trip to the beach and without having consumed my usual half pint of coffee at breakfast. The reception area is small; two women are seated behind a counter, one of whom, with short blonde hair and an open smile, I already know is the co-owner of the centre. Her colleague is refilling the perfumed oil in a candle-holder made of pottery. Candles burning in bright daylight, I find, are a sure-fire signal that you are entering an area that designates itself as alternative. A middle-aged man in a white cotton costume and bare feet, presumably one of the "highly trained and qualified practitioners" I have read about in the leaflet, enters and sits on a couch looking somewhat moodily out of the window, awaiting a client. Such environments make me uneasy, I have to confess. I know that my lifestyle would be off their scale in terms of stress, irony, and caffeine intake. Are they able to tell all this at a glance? Presumably so, if any of them are Reiki therapists, trained to detect movements of the "universal life force energy" in a "gentle yet powerful exchange . . . at a deep soul level."

Web Privacy on the Radar in Congress

Big deal!
said when you do not think that what someone has said or done is important or special:
"I ran five miles this morning." "Big deal! I ran ten."

noun [U]
a system which uses radio waves to find the position of objects which cannot be seen:
Other vessels in the area show up on the ship's radar (screen).

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This wouldn't be a big deal to citizens of Montreal, but on Wednesday, January 19, 1977, at about 7 a.m. EST, for the first time in history, snow was included in the weather forecast for Miami, Florida. A couple of hours later, reports of snow sightings came from all over the area, including Miami Beach. Observers at Miami International Airport never officially reported snow, but radar picked up echoes of the white stuff falling around the city. This was the only time snow has ever fallen in Miami.

anechoicLine breaks: an|echo¦ic
Pronunciation: /ˌanɪˈkəʊɪk/ 

Definition of anechoic in English:


1Free from echo:an anechoic chamber
1.1(Of a coating or material) tending to deaden sound:the Russians treat their submarines with anechoic coatings to reduce sonar returns



a The adjective anechoic has one meaning:
Meaning #1: not having or producing echoes; sound-absorbent
anechoic tank 無響箱;無響 
anechoic room 無響室;無回音室

ANECHOIC ROOM 無回音室 一種無回音及殘留音的房間,房間周遭的吸音材會將所有入射的聲音有效的吸收掉,藉以產生絕對的自由音場環境。
Neither having nor producing echoes: an anechoic chamber.
soundproof chamber 隔音室 
soundproof door 防音門 
soundproof material 防音材料

turn in

1. Hand in, give over, as in I turned in my exam and left the room. [c. 1300]
2. Surrender or inform on, especially to the police, as in The shoplifter turned herself in. [1920s]
3. Produce, as in He turned in a consistent performa Go to bed, as in I turned in early last night. [Colloquial; late 1600s]
You wouldn’t know it by his pay stubs, but Jiang Jianqing heads the world’s largest bank.
Jiang, chairman of Industrial and Commercial Bank of China, made just $234,700 in 2008. That’s less than 2 percent of the $19.6 million awarded to Jamie Dimon, chief executive of the world’s fourth-largest bank, JP Morgan Chase & Co.
中國工商銀行董事長姜建清2008年的薪資只有23萬4700美元, 還不到全球第4大銀行摩根大通執行長傑米.迪蒙的1960萬美元的2%。張沛元

Japanese Smoking Culture Proves Hard To Snuff Out
by Lucy Craft Mina Abe (center) and Kota Osabe (right) are trying to promote blowing bubbles as an alternative to cigarette smoking in Japan. Mina Abe (center) and Kota Osabe (right) are trying to promote blowing bubbles as an alternative to cigarette ...

Verb1.snuff out - put an end to; kill; "The Nazis snuffed out the life of many Jewish children"
do away with, eliminate, get rid of, extinguish - terminate, end, or take out; "Let's eliminate the course on Akkadian hieroglyphics"; "Socialism extinguished these archaic customs"; "eliminate my debts"
stamp - destroy or extinguish as if by stamping with the foot; "Stamp fascism into submission"; "stamp out tyranny"
put out, smother - deprive of the oxygen necessary for combustion; "smother fires"

2.snuff out - put out, as of fires, flames, or lightssnuff out - put out, as of fires, flames, or lights; "Too big to be extinguished at once, the forest fires at best could be contained"; "quench the flames"; "snuff out the candles"
stub - extinguish by crushing; "stub out your cigarette now"
douse, put out - put out, as of a candle or a light; "Douse the lights"
black out - obliterate or extinguish; "Some life-forms were obliterated by the radiation, others survived"
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2011 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.


  1. The usually short end remaining after something bigger has been used up: a pencil stub; a cigarette stub. See Regional Note at stob.
  2. Something cut short or arrested in development: a stub of a tail.
    1. The part of a check or receipt retained as a record.
    2. The part of a ticket returned as a voucher of payment. 票根
tr.v., stubbed, stub·bing, stubs.
    1. To pull up (weeds) by the roots.
    2. To clear (a field) of weeds.
  1. To strike (one's toe or foot) against something accidentally.
  2. To snuff out (a cigarette butt) by crushing.
[Middle English stubbe, tree stump, from Old English stybb.]


stubs (複数形) • stubbed (過去形) • stubbed (過去分詞) • stubbing (現在分詞) • stubs (三人称単数現在)
1 (木の)切り株;(地中・幹・枝に残った草木の)切り残り, 折れ残り;(折れた歯の)根;短い突出部.
2 (鉛筆・ろうそくなどの)短い使い残り;(葉巻の)短い吸いさし.
3 (小切手帳・受取帳などの)控え, (入場券などの)半券.
━━[動](〜bed, 〜・bing)(他)
1 〈つま先などを〉(切り株・石などに)ぶつける((against ...))
stub one's toe on a rock
2 〈畑などから〉切り株を取り払う;〈木の根を〉堀り起こす;〈切り株・雑草などを〉引き抜く, 根こそぎにする((up)).
3 〈タバコを〉押しつぶして火を消す((out)).


Pronunciation: /ˈɛkəʊ/
Translate echo | into French | into German | into Italian | into Spanish


  • 1 (plural echoes) a sound or sounds caused by the reflection of sound waves from a surface back to the listener:the walls threw back the echoes of his footsteps
  • a reflected radio or radar beam.
  • [mass noun] the deliberate introduction of reverberation into a sound recording.
  • Linguistics the repetition in structure and content of one speaker’s utterance by another.
  • 2a close parallel to an idea, feeling, or event:his love for her found an echo in her own feelings
  • a characteristic that is suggestive of something else:the cheese has a sharp rich aftertaste with echoes of salty, earthy pastures
  • 3 archaic a person who slavishly repeats the words or opinions of another: Clarendon, whom they reckoned the faithful echo of their master’s intentions
  • 4 Bridge a play by a defender of a higher card in a suit followed by a lower one in a subsequent trick, used as a signal to request a further lead of that suit by their partner.
  • 5a code word representing the letter E, used in radio communication.
  • 6used in names of newspapers:the South Wales Echo

verb (echoes, echoing, echoed)

  • 1 [no object, with adverbial] (of a sound) be repeated or reverberate after the original sound has stopped:their footsteps echoed on the metal catwalks
  • (of a place) resound with or reflect back a sound:the house echoed with shouts
  • [with object] repeat (someone’s words or opinions), typically to express agreement:these criticisms are echoed in a number of other studies [with direct speech]:‘A trip?’ she echoed
  • 2 [with object] (of an object or event) be reminiscent of or have shared characteristics with:a blue suit that echoed the colour of her eyes
  • 3 [with object] Computing send a copy of (an input signal or character) back to its source or to a screen for display: for security reasons, the password will not be echoed to the screen
4 [no object] Bridge (of a defender) play a higher card followed by a lower one in the same suit, as a signal to request one’s partner to lead that suit.