2016年1月5日 星期二

entice, tellingi, nimitable allure, quash class action


Poland’s far-right Law and Justice party has spent its first two months in power tightening its grip over the security services, the constitutional tribunal and the civil service. Now it is purging the country’s public media


A new law lets the government purge the public broadcaster
ECON.ST



allure 引誘人
Both Lyndon Johnson and Nixon were fixated on J.F.K.'s inimitable allure.

alluring
SHANGHAI may no longer have the raffish mystique of its early 20th-century incarnation as a place of guns, girls and gamblers, but a different mythology, no less alluring, has taken its place.


New Plan to Help Banks Sell Bad Assets

By STEPHEN LABATON
The new rescue plan, to be outlined on Monday, would inject billions of dollars in fresh capital into banks and entice investors to buy their most troubled assets.



The Acela campaign seeks to lure passengers from airlines with enticements that begin, “You have the right.” The rights include legroom, outlets to plug in electronic devices, arrivals in city centers, food service when you want it and, perhaps most tellingly, as a commercial puts it, “taking off your shoes -- only if you feel like it.”


Johnson was some time with Beauclerk at his house at Windsor, where he was entertained with experiments in natural philosophy. One Sunday, when the weather was very fine, Beauclerk enticed him, insensibly, to saunter about all the morning. They went into a church-yard, in the time of divine service, and Johnson laid himself down at his ease upon one of the tomb-stones. "Now, Sir, (said Beauclerk) you are like Hogarth's Idle Apprentice." When Johnson got his pension, Beauclerk said to him, in the humourous phrase of Falstaff, "I hope you'll now purge and live cleanly, like a gentleman."
The Life of Johnson by Boswell
要了解這脈絡也必須了解Falstaff 是要從戰場脫身要去領賞
出自
莎士比亞 亨利四世上篇 第五幕第四景末
這 purge 雙義 可以是"好好洗澡 潔身"或"悔改"等等
所以朱和梁翻譯各取一義


The Washington Post leads with new state voting registration systems that may mistakenly purge thousands of voters from the rolls, provoking lawsuits and perhaps confusion on election day. The Wall Street Journal goes with the Supreme Court's decision to quash Republican efforts for extra scrutiny on voter registrations in Ohio.


Rulings Aid Case for Class Actions
Widespread efforts by companies to prevent consumers from pursuing class-action suits against them are increasingly getting quashed by state courts.

quash (REFUSE) Show phonetics
verb [T]
to state officially that something, especially an earlier official decision, is no longer to be accepted:
His conviction was quashed in March 1986 after his counsel argued that the police evidence was a tissue of lies.
class action [suit] 集団訴訟.

quash (STOP)
verb [T]
to forcefully stop something that you do not want to happen:
The revolt was swiftly quashed by government troops.
The company moved quickly to quash rumours/speculation that it is losing money.
telling Show phonetics
adjective
showing the truth about a situation or showing what someone really thinks:
a telling comment


entice Show phonetics
verb [T]
to persuade someone to do something by offering them something pleasant:
The adverts entice the customer into buying things they don't really want.
People are being enticed away from the profession by higher salaries elsewhere.
[+ to infinitive] A smell of coffee in the doorway enticed people to enter the shop.

enticement Show phonetics
noun [C or U]
One of the enticements of the job is the company car.

enticing Show phonetics
adjective
Something which is enticing attracts you to it by offering you advantages or pleasure:
an enticing smile
an enticing job offer

en・tice



━━ vt. 誘惑する, 誘う (allure) (((away) from; into, out of)).
en・tice・ment ━━ n. 誘惑(するもの).
en・tic・ing ━━ a. 誘惑的な.
en・tic・ing・ly ad. 誘うように.



purge

(pûrj) pronunciation

v., purged, purg·ing, purg·es. v.tr.
    1. To free from impurities; purify.
    2. To remove (impurities and other elements) by or as if by cleansing.
  1. To rid of sin, guilt, or defilement.
  2. Law. To clear (a person) of a charge or an imputation. Often used with respect to contempt of court.
    1. To rid (a nation or political party, for example) of people considered undesirable.
    2. To get rid of (people considered undesirable). See synonyms at eliminate.
  3. Medicine.
    1. To cause evacuation of (the bowels).
    2. To induce evacuation of the bowels in (an individual).
v.intr.
  1. To become pure or clean.
  2. Medicine. To undergo or cause an emptying of the bowels.
n.
  1. The act or process of purging.
  2. Something that purges, especially a medicinal purgative.
[Middle English purgen, from Old French purgier, from Latin pūrgāre, from pūrus, pure.]

purge




━━ vt. (身・心を)清める ((of, from)); 一掃する ((away, off, out)); (政党などから)追放[粛正]する ((from; of)); (嫌疑を)晴らす ((of)); 【コンピュータ】(ファイルを)消去する; 【法】(裁判所侮辱などの)償いをする; (罪を)あがなう; 【医】通じをつける.
━━ vi. 清くなる; 通じがつく.
━━ n. 浄化; 追放; 下剤.
purg・ee
 ━━ n. 被追放者.

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