2017年7月7日 星期五

gonorrhea, superbug, MRSA, C. difficile, -rrhea/-rrhoea, tuberculosis, TB,

The threat of antibiotic resistance has become so dire that the United Nations General Assembly is holding a meeting to discuss it this month in New York City.

Antibiotic resistance has grown so dire that it will be the subject of a…

SCIENTIFICAMERICAN.COM|由 DINA FINE MARON 上傳


By Sally Magnusson
BBC Panorama

There are 10 times more deaths across the UK from the superbug clostridium difficile among over 65-year-olds than in any other country in the world, figures suggest.
The equivalent of one person dies every hour in our hospitals from this deadly superbug.
It contributes to the deaths of four times as many people as MRSA.
It's mutating, getting even stronger and showing signs of resistance to one of only two drugs able to combat it.

Scientists Discover Gonorrhea "Superbug"


Experts fret that the new strain could spark a global health epidemic.


READ FULL STORY

響應3月24日「世界結核病日」(World TB Day),衛生署疾病管制局(Taiwan CDC)邀請美國疾管局(US CDC)官員來台研討,期能加速達到世界衛生組(WHO)「結 核病10年減半」的目標。 這場「2008國際結核病研討會」將於本周日(23日)在台大 醫院國際會議中心召開


TB
tuberculosis Show phonetics
noun [U] (ABBREVIATION TB)(肺)結核
a serious disease which is infectious and can attack many parts of a person's body, especially their lungs[Latin tūberculum, tubercle; see tubercle + –OSIS.]

suff.
  1. Condition; process; action: osmosis. 滲透
  2. Diseased or abnormal condition: neurosis. 精神官能症
  3. Increase; formation: leukocytosis. 白細菌增多


tubercular Show phonetics
adjective



-rrhea (-rrhoea 英國拼法)
Main Entry:
-rrhea
Function:
noun combining form
Etymology:
Middle English -ria, from Late Latin -rrhoea, from Greek -rrhoia, from rhoia, from rhein to flow — more at stream
: flow : discharge 都表非自願流出/射出


例如

<leukorrhea 白帶 >

Main Entry:
leu·kor·rhea Listen to the pronunciation of leukorrhea
Pronunciation:
\ˌlü-kə-ˈrē-ə\
Function:
noun
Etymology:
New Latin
Date:
circa 1797
: a whitish viscid discharge from the vagina resulting from inflammation or congestion of the mucous membrane



gonorrhea 淋病
Main Entry:
gon·or·rhea Listen to the pronunciation of gonorrhea
Pronunciation:
\ˌgä-nə-ˈrē-ə\
Function:
noun
Etymology:
New Latin, from Late Latin, morbid loss of semen, from Greek gonorrhoia, from gon- + -rrhoia -rrhea
Date:
circa 1526
: a contagious inflammation of the genital mucous membrane caused by the gonococcus —called also clap
— gon·or·rhe·al Listen to the pronunciation of gonorrheal \-ˈrē-əl\ adjective

diarrhea
Main Entry:
di·ar·rhea Listen to the pronunciation of diarrhea
Pronunciation:
\ˌdī-ə-ˈrē-ə\
Function:
noun 腹瀉
Etymology:
Middle English diaria, from Late Latin diarrhoea, from Greek diarrhoia, from diarrhein to flow through, from dia- + rhein to flow — more at stream
Date:
14th century
1 : abnormally frequent intestinal evacuations with more or less fluid stools 2 : excessive flow diarrhe>>
— di·ar·rhe·al Listen to the pronunciation of diarrheal \-ˈrē-əl\ adjective




logorrhea 多語症
: excessive and often incoherent talkativeness or wordiness

spermatorrhea 遺精


MRSA


【医】methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus メチシリン耐性黄色ブドウ球菌.



Clostridium difficile 感染症における. 最近の話題. 国立感染症研究所細菌第二部主任
研究官 加藤 はる. ●Clostridium difficile 関連下痢症・腸炎●. Clostridium difficile
は偽膜性大腸炎の原因菌としてよく知られていますが、C. difficile ...

gonorrhea
Definitions of gonorrhea
noun
a venereal disease involving inflammatory discharge from the urethra or vagina.
Infection with gonorrhea , chlamydia and hepatitis is also common.


 淋病
  • [gɑ`nəríːə | gɔ`nəríə]
[名][U]淋疾(りんしつ), 淋病.
-al
[形]淋病の, 淋菌性の.



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