2016年6月1日 星期三

stanch, staunch, unaccounted for, widening, allay, Square 1, hold up, wound-filling



The sponges expand to 15 times their size when they come in contact with blood
XSTAT, a device designed to staunch bleeding from combat wounds -- when…
PBS.ORG


China Stanches Flow of Money Out of the Country, Data Suggests


'We can staunch the dying, but it takes politics to stop the killing.' David Miliband, CEO of the International Rescue Committee, makes the case for diplomacy in Syria.


As Fire Smolders in Tianjin, Officials Rush to Stanch Criticism


Remarkable footage of a baby being rescued from the wreckage of Transasia flight GE235.


At least nine people are dead and dozens more unaccounted for after a...
THEGUARDIAN.COM



Japan, US Officials To Allay Osprey Concerns
RTT News
(RTTNews) - Japanese and U.S. officials will continue to try to allay the concerns of Japanese people over the safety of the U.S. Osprey military aircraft being deployed in American bases in Japan. A series of accidents involving Ospreys have raised concerns ...
 Global Scrutiny of Google Widens
Google formally disclosed a pair of inquiries under way in Argentina and South Korea this week, adding to global scrutiny of the Internet company.




Apple's iPhones and Google's Android smartphones regularly transmit their locations back to Apple and Google—intensifying concerns over privacy and the widening trade in personal data.



Where an oil spill happens matters more than how big it is
MORE than a week after an explosion on the Deepwater Horizon drilling rig in the Gulf of Mexico, 11 of the rig's workers are still unaccounted for. The US Coast Guard reckons that 5,000 barrels of oil are leaking out every day, though this is really an informed guess. The great depth of the leaks from the rig makes staunching them a huge technical challenge. Despite the development of some fancy new techniques to deal with oil spills there is a sense of inevitability about the oil's arrival on shore.
The spill is embarrassing for those Republicans who have campaigned for more off-shore drilling. It is embarrassing too for Barack Obama, who accepted more drilling off the coast to ease the passage of legislation on climate change. On April 30th the White House announced that new off-shore drilling would be suspended until the cause of the accident could be verified. ...



The requests, which have also come from two of Detroit's Big Three and Citigroup, "reflect just how hard it is to stanch the flow of losses as the economy deteriorates."

NEC said it will cut 20,000 workers world-wide as it tries to stanch widening losses from semiconductors and other businesses that have been hard hit by competition and the global economic slump.


Richard S. Fuld Jr., who has run Lehman Brothers for the past decade and half, is searching for a way to stanch the wounds at his firm. But on Wall Street, there is a growing sense that Lehman may never be the same again -- if it survives as an independent firm at all, The New York Times' Louise Story writes.




The same quality made Mr. Heston an effective spokesman, off-screen, for the causes he believed in. Late in life he became a staunch opponent of gun control. Elected president of the National Rifle Association in 1998, he proved to be a powerful campaigner against what he saw as the government’s attempt to infringe on a Constitutional guarantee — the right to bear arms.




Some scientists doubt the amyloid theory, but even a staunch skeptic said the studies were important.
Among the skeptics is Dr. Peter Davies, a professor at Albert Einstein Medical College, who said: “You’ve got to try. Somebody’s going to get this right.”
But if the amyloid hypothesis does not hold up, much of Alzheimer’s research could wind up back at Square 1.


WordNet: stanch

The verb has one meaning:止血等
Meaning #1: as of the flow of a liquid flowing, such as blood from a wound
Synonyms: stemstaunchhalt


  staunch ━━ a. 堅い, 堅固な; 忠実な, しっかりした; 水を通さない.
staunch (STOP) Show phonetics
verb [T] (US ALSO stanch)
to stop something happening, or to stop liquid, especially blood, from flowing out:
The country's asylum laws were amended to staunch the flow/flood of economic migrants.
Mike pressed hard on the wound and staunched the flow of blood.also staunch (stônch, stänch)
tr.v.stanched, also staunchedstanch·ingstaunch·ingstanch·esstaunch·es.
  1. To stop or check the flow of (blood or tears, for example).
  2. To stop the flow of blood from (a wound).
  3. To stop, check, or allay"My anxiety is stanched; I am at peace" (Scott Turow). See Usage Note at staunch1.


staunch (LOYAL)
adjective
always loyal in supporting a person, organization or set of beliefs or opinions:
a staunch friend and ally
He gained a reputation as being a staunch defender/supporter of civil rights.

staunchly
adverb
strongly:
staunchly loyal/independent

hold up

1. Offer or present as an example, as in The teacher held Bernie's essay up as a model for the class to follow[c. 1600]
2. Obstruct or delay, as in We were held up in traffic[c. 1900]
3. Rob, as in He was held up in a dark alley, with no help nearby. This usage, which gave rise to the noun holdup for a robbery, alludes to the robbers' demand that the victims hold their hands high.[Late 1800s]
4. Also, hold out. Continue to function without losing force or effectiveness, endure. For example, We held up through that long bitter winter, or The nurse was able to hold out until someone could relieve her[Late 1500s]
5. See hold one's head high.

wind up (BECOME) phrasal verb INFORMAL
to find yourself in an unexpected and usually unpleasant situation, especially as a result of what you do:
If he carries on like this he's going to wind up in prison!
You don't want to wind up homeless, do you?


Square 1.
n. Informal.
The starting point.
[Alluding to board games with numbered squares in which a penalized player may have to return to the starting point.]

biomarker

biomarker 生物指標 (marker 指標、信標器)
n. Medicine.
  1. See marker (sense 9).
  2. A specific physical trait used to measure or indicate the effects or progress of a disease or condition: Biomarkers of aging include thinning of the hair and diminished elasticity of the skin.
Researchers are also using M.R.I. scans to look for early brain changes, and testing blood and spinal fluid for amyloid 類澱粉 and other “biomarkers” to see if they can be used to predict Alzheimer’s or find it early.





unaccounted

Line breaks: un|account¦ed
Pronunciation: /ʌnəˈkaʊntɪd /

Definition of unaccounted in English:

ADJECTIVE

(unaccounted for)
Not included in (an account or calculation) through being lost or disregarded:substantial amount of money is unaccounted for


  1. allay[al・lay]

  2. レベル:社会人必須
  3. 発音記号[əléi]
[動](〜ed, 〜・ing)(他)((形式))〈不安・疑いを〉静める;〈苦痛・空腹を〉和らげる.
[古英語ālecgan (ā-下へ+lecgan横たえる=下に置く→静める). △LAY1

[Middle English stanchen, from Old French estanchier, from Vulgar Latin *stanticāre, to stop, probably from Latin stāns, stant-, present participle of stāre, to stand.]
stancher stanch'er n.

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