2017年5月14日 星期日

fetishize, sleuth, figura, figurative, off his own bat, Achates, emblematic, sleuthing

Many critics fetishize the style of classic Hollywood and take the methods...

To Catch Hackers: Old-School Sleuthing With Digital Twist

Cybercrimes, like the recent ransomware attack, require a combination of the most basic old-school detective work and the most complex of modern technology.

Sun, sand, swimming - and a chance to spy on tax evaders

Greece 'may use tourists as tax sleuths'

Benedict Cumberbatch has admitted that his love for Sherlock is so strong, he could happily play the super sleuth as a pensioner.

For Bitcoin Sleuths, Things Get Curiouser and Curiouser

To borrow from Lee Mendelson and Vince Guaraldi, Christmas time is here, or nearly so, which means you’re looking at a scant few hours of frenzied final sleuthing — probably in vain — to find a PlayStation 4 or Xbox One before 2013′s holiday window closes forever. All these reports that both systems are sold out everywhere bodes well for Microsoft and Sony, and if both companies can maintain momentum through 2014, console gaming in general.

Read more: Is Sony’s PlayStation 4 Really Outselling Microsoft’s Xbox One 2-to-1?

On Campus, a Law Enforcement System to Itself

The Penn State scandal is emblematic of a parallel judicial universe favoring athletes that exists at many colleges and universities.

 And, though the beginnings of forensic linguistics may be ancient, Juola says this kind of sleuthing may be on the rise.

Achates (uh-KAY-teez)

noun: A trusty friend or companion.

After Achates, the faithful companion and friend of Aeneas, in the epic poem Aeneid by the Roman poet Vergil (70-19 BCE). In the story, Achates is called fidus Achates (faithful Achates) and he accompanies Aeneas everywhere in his adventures.

"I was baffled by the lack of reference to the sleuth of Baker Street and his trusty Achates." — John Banville; Bloomsday, Bloody Bloomsday; The New York Times; Jun 13, 2004.


Pronunciation: /sluːθ/
informal noun

  • a detective: they make MI5 look like a bunch of amateur sleuths


[no object] (often as noun sleuthing)
  • carry out a search or investigation in the manner of a detective: scientists began their genetic sleuthing for honey mushrooms four years ago
  • [with object] dated investigate (someone or something): I am not sleuthing you


Middle English (originally in the sense 'track', in sleuth-hound): from Old Norse slóth; compare with slot2. Current senses date from the late 19th century

Off his own bat

By an individual's own efforts.
One question that I've been asked several times about the figurative expression 'off his own bat' is "should that be 'off his own back'"? Well no, it shouldn't. 'Off your own back' originated as a mishearing of the former expression. It has gained sufficient currency to be considered as a viable everyday alternative of the correct version, but purists dismiss it as a straightforward error.

━━ n., vi. 〔話〕 探偵(として働く), 刑事; 警察犬 (sleuth hound); ブラッドハウンド.

sleuth (slūth) pronunciation
  1. A detective.
  2. See sleuthhound (sense 1).

v., sleuthed, sleuth·ing, sleuths. v.tr.
To track or follow.
To act as a detective.
[Short for SLEUTHHOUND.]
Tracking down the history of the word sleuth requires a bit of etymological sleuthing.
The immediate ancestor of our word is the compound sleuthhound, “a dog, such as a bloodhound, used for tracking or pursuing.”
This term took on a figurative sense, “tracker, pursuer,” which is closely related to the sense “detective.”
From sleuthhound came the shortened form sleuth, recorded in the sense “detective” as early as 1872.
The first part of the term sleuthhound means “track, path, trail,” and is first recorded in a Middle English work written probably around 1200. The Middle English word, which had the form sloth, with eu representing the Scots development of the Middle English (ō), was a borrowing of the Old Norse word slōdh, “a track or trail.”
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition Copyright © 2007, 2000 by Houghton Mifflin Company.

Hewlett’s Hunt for Leak Became a Game of Clue
The company’s sleuths produced an 18-page report that reads at times like a whodunit, at other times like a dissertation.

(Sleuth 偵探;whodunit 「誰幹的?」;
at times
You can be really annoying at times, you know.)

Published: June 16, 2007

FOR nearly a year until this week, Sharesleuth, the “investigative” business Web site financed by the billionaire entrepreneur Mark Cuban, had published articles about just two companies. But in what may signal a departure, Sharesleuth has published an article about a third company: the Orthopedic Development Corporation, which is marketing a new spinal implant procedure (sharesleuth.com).
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Alex Eben Meyer


Orthopedic Development Corp. (sharesleuth.com) Sharesleuth 'Business Model' Succumbs to Reality (garyweiss.blogspot.com) The Mark Cuban Weblog (blogmaverick.com) Cosmic Log Blog (cosmiclog.msnbc.msn.com) Strangest Businesswire Story of the Day (paul.kedrosky.com) Who Blew Up WWE(R) Chairman Mr. McMahon? (biz.yahoo.com) Vince McMahon’s Hoax Goes Up in Smoke (timesleader.com)

Among other things, the article says the company asserted that the procedure had been used on more patients than was actually the case; there was no indication that the company tested it adequately; and some patients experienced problems after the procedure. The company declined to respond to questions from Sharesleuth.
When Sharesleuth started in July 2006, it was immediately criticized because of Mr. Cuban’s stated intention to take short positions in the stocks of the companies that were about to be featured in articles written by the editor, Christopher Carey.

Reviewed by CHELSEA CAIN
A copy editor turns detective after a murder at her son’s school.

  • [èmbləmǽtik, -ikəl]

[形]((通例叙述))((形式))象徴の, 象徴的な, (…を)象徴[表象]する((of ...))
The cross is emblematic of Christ's suffering.

    1. Based on or making use of figures of speech; metaphorical: figurative language.
    2. Containing many figures of speech; ornate.
  1. Represented by a figure or resemblance; symbolic or emblematic.
  2. Of or relating to artistic representation by means of animal or human figures.
figuratively fig'u·ra·tive·ly adv.
figurativeness fig'u·ra·tive·ness n.

figuraLine breaks: fi¦gura
Pronunciation: /fɪˈɡjʊərə/

Definition of figura in English:

noun (plural figurae fɪˈɡjʊəriː)

(In literary theory) a person or thing representing orsymbolizing a fact or ideal.

  • They have described how the Renaissance blazon expresses the desire to fetishize and idolize the female body by fragmenting the subjective Other and reshaping her as a figura for the male poet's autonomy.
  • The woman's face, the narrator seems to argue, becomes a figura for the male will.
  • The name Vinci stands not only as a metaphor for the master's pictorial perfection but also as a figura of his self.


Latin, literally 'figure' (representing an early use of figureto denote an emblem or type).

Pronunciation: /ˈfɛtɪʃʌɪz/

(also fetishise)

Definition of fetishize in English:


1Make (something) the object of a sexual fetish:women’s bodies are so intensely fetishized
1.1Have an excessive and irrational commitment to (something):an author who fetishizes privacy