2016年5月10日 星期二

unfurl, by virtue of, hedonic, hedonics, hedonism


London Mayor-elect Sadiq Khan said he fears he would be unable to visit the U.S. because he is Muslim if Donald J. Trump were elected president. "I’ll be stopped from going there by virtue of my faith, which means I can’t engage with American mayors and swap ideas."


第 128 頁
It would not itself be objective, but external objects could only exist for an observer by virtue of being perceived or understood through the employment of ...
第 153 頁
However, Mill was not dismayed by this, believing that the inductive ascent involved when his Canons were in use was warranted by virtue of the truth of the ...





. In Hong Kong a climber unfurled banners from the city's largest bridge that read "freedom from oppression".


Spotlight
The Canadian Flag Flies          
The Canadian Flag Flies
On this date in 1965, the Canadian government officially unfurled its Maple Leaf flag for the first time. The flag used until then, the Canadian Red Ensign, was lowered, the new flag was raised, and the crowd sang the national anthem, "O Canada," followed by the royal anthem "God Save the Queen." The flag was designed by historian George Stanley. His design was selected from among hundreds proposed. He said of it, "The single leaf has the virtue of simplicity; it emphasizes the distinctive Canadian symbol; and suggests the idea of loyalty to a single country."
Quote
"The flag is the symbol of the nation's unity, for it, beyond any doubt, represents all the citizens of Canada without distinction of race, language, belief or opinion." — Maurice Bourget

Abstract
Although popularized by Griliches in the early 1960s, the pioneering hedonic price analysis dates back to a 1939 article by Andrew Court which receives, at best, only perfunctory citations. This article revisits and extends Court's 1939 analysis. By many standards of contemporary hedonic price analysis, Court's work stands up quite well. It addresses problems of nonlinearity and changes in underlying goods, with circumspect analysis and interpretation. The article evaluates Court's work, extends his analyses using data from his unpublished papers, and conjectures as to why the hedonic price method was unused for so many years.

hedonics

(hĭ-dŏn'ĭks) pronunciation
n. (used with a sing. verb)
  1. The branch of psychology that studies pleasant and unpleasant sensations and states of mind.
  2. Philosophy. The branch of ethics that deals with the relation of pleasure to duty.

A Reconsideration of Hedonic Price Indexes with an Application to PC’s


Author(s): Ariel Pakes 1



1. on Page 78:
"... interest which a hedonistic psychology gives does not afford material for a theory of the development of human nature. Under hedonism the economic interest is not conceived in terms of action. ..."
2. on Page 131:
"... here taken as a utilitarian of the Benthamite color, although he cannot be classed as a disciple of Bentham. His hedonism is but the uncritically accepted metaphysics com- prised in the common sense of his time, ..."
3. on Page 133:
"... The immediate point of Bentham's work, as affecting the habits of thought of the educated community, is the substitution of hedonism (utility) ..."
4. on Page 135:
"... The theory of value which hedonism gives is, there- fore, a theory of cost in terms of discomfort. By virtue of the hedonistic equilibrium reached through ..."
5. on Page 140:
"... industry as the central and substantial fact in the process of pro- duction is due not to the acceptance of hedonism simply, ..."
6. on Page 141:
"... market were the dominant and tone-giving facts. But this economic situation was also the chief ground for the vogue of hedonism in economics; ..."
7. on Page 152:
"... 152 Preconceptions: III hedonism, which makes much of an assumed qualitative divergence between the different kinds of pleasures that afford the motives of conduct. ..."
8. on Page 154:
"... in Political Economy (London, 1873), p. 245. This question cannot consistently be asked by an ad- herent of the stricter hedonism. * Bastiat, quoted by Cairnes, Essays, p. 319. ..."
9. on Page 155:
"... manner and direction of the response will be. The later psychology is biological, as contrasted with the metaphysical psychology of hedonism. It does not ..."
10. on Page 156:
"... the characteristic feature of the newer conception is the recognition of a selectively self-directing life process in the agent. While hedonism seeks the causal determinant of conduct in the (probable) ..."

unfurl Show phonetics
verb [I or T] ━━ v. 広げる[がる]; 揚げる[がる].
If a flag, sail or banner unfurls, it becomes open from a rolled position, and if you unfurl a flag, etc., you make it do this:
The demonstrators unfurled a large banner.


virtue (BECAUSE OF) Show phonetics
noun FORMAL
by virtue of because of; as a result of:
She succeeded by virtue of her tenacity rather than her talent.

hedonic

(hĭ-dŏn'ĭkpronunciation
adj.
  1. Of, relating to, or marked by pleasure.
  2. Of or relating to hedonism or hedonists.
[Greek hēdonikos, from hēdonē, pleasure.]
Meaning #1: devoted to pleasure
Synonyms: hedonisticepicurean
Andrew Court and the Invention of Hedonic Price Analysis

he・don・ism



-->
━━ n. 快楽主義; 亨楽主義.
he・don・ist ━━ n.
he・don・is・tic ━━ a.

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