2016年9月15日 星期四

immeasurabe, snug, snuggle, cuddle, hegemon, hegemony,decline, declinism, comeuppance

    A new report set out to investigate how salmonella infections from live birds had changed, and why.

    Backyard flocks blamed for number of salmonella outbreaks
    Your trip abroad just got immeasurably easier!

    The 'Pilot' is claimed to be able to translate speech like the Babel Fish

    No one would reconstitute California in its current form if starting from scratch. But unravelling the creation would be immeasurably more painful than dealing with its flaws. What would happen if California was split up?

    At this time of year, everyone needs to snuggle up to someone from time to time. In this lithograph, Ceri Richards instills that warm fuzzy feeling.

    View the main page for this artwork

    Can cuddling with strangers be platonic? The creator of Cuddle Con, the first ever cuddling convention, shares the secrets behind good snuggles. http://cnn.it/1Faxbal

    Historically globalisation has needed a hegemon. America seems to be retreating from that role and China is not yet ready for it. So far it has opened itself to foreigners only when it sees a clear benefit to itself. As one foreign executive who has spent decades in China puts it, "the defining ideology in China is the ideology of nationalism http://econ.st/GPD5Ch

    Architecture Review: A Glass Box That Nests Snugly on the Roof
      In his books Colossus and Empire, Ferguson presents reinterpretation of the history of the British Empire and in conclusion proposes that the modern policies of the United Kingdom and the United States, in taking a more active role in resolving conflict arising from the failure of states, are analogous to the 'Anglicization' policies adopted by the British Empire throughout the 19th century.[63][64] In Colossus, Ferguson explores the United States' hegemony in foreign affairs and its future role in the world.[65][66]


      Comeuppance for Rich, at Least on Screen

      “We Are the Nobles,” a satirical look at the habits of wealthy Mexicans, has become the highest-grossing Mexican film ever. Above, Gaz Alazraki, the director.

       Declinism resurgent

      Detroit has declined immeasurably since...

      Apple Launches Digital Picture Books
      Now, kids can snuggle up with an iPad for a bedtime story.

      Pronunciation: /snʌɡ /

      Definition of snug in English:

      ADJECTIVE (snuggersnuggest)

      1Comfortablewarm, and cosywell protected from the weather or cold:she was safe and snug in Ruth’s armsa snug cottage
      1.1archaic (Of an income or employmentallowingone to live in comfort and comparative ease.


      BritishBack to top  
      smallcomfortable public room in a pub or inn.

      VERB (snugssnuggingsnugged)

      [WITH OBJECT AND ADVERBIAL OF DIRECTION] chiefly North AmericanBack to top  
      1Place (something) safely or cosily:she tucks him in, snugging the blanket up to his chin
      1.1[NO OBJECT, WITH ADVERBIAL OF DIRECTION] Settlecomfortably and cosily:the passengers snugged down amongst thecargo


      late 16th century (originally in nautical use in the sense 'shipshape, compact, prepared for bad weather'): probably of Low German or Dutch origin.
      (snŭg'əl) pronunciation

      v., -gled, -gling, -gles. v.intr.
      1. To lie or press close together; cuddle.
      2. To curl up closely or comfortably; nestle: snuggled happily under the covers.
      To draw close or hold closely, as for comfort or in affection; hug.

      [Frequentative of SNUG1 .]

      Urban Dictionary: snuggle


      Top Definitionsnuggle. To make oneself comfortable, usually by moving closer to another person or thing. To embrace closely, as to show affection or offer ...

      The adjective has 2 meanings:
      Meaning #1: impossible to measure
      Synonyms: unmeasurable, immensurable
      Antonym: measurable (meaning #1)
      Meaning #2: beyond calculation or measure
      Synonyms: incomputable, inestimable


      Pronunciation: /ɪˈmɛʒ(ə)rəbli/ 


      To an extreme or extensive degree; immensely:the quality of service has improved immeasurably[AS SUBMODIFIER]: the family was now immeasurably worse off

       (dĭ-klīn') pronunciation

      v., -clined, -clin·ing, -clines.
      1. To express polite refusal.
        1. To slope downward; descend.
        2. To bend downward; droop.
      2. To degrade or lower oneself; condescend.
      3. To deteriorate gradually; fail.
        1. To sink, as the setting sun.
        2. To draw to a gradual close; wane.
      1. To refuse politely: I declined their offer of help. See synonyms at refuse1.
      2. To cause to slope or bend downward.
      3. Grammar. To inflect (a noun, a pronoun, or an adjective) for number and case.
      1. The process or result of declining, especially a gradual deterioration.
      2. A downward movement.
      3. The period when something approaches an end.
      4. A downward slope; a declivity.
      5. A disease that gradually weakens or wastes the body.
      [Middle English declinen, from Old French decliner, from Latin dēclīnāre, to turn away, bend downward, change the form of a word : dē-, de- + -clīnāre, to lean, bend.]
      declinable de·clin'a·ble adj.
      decliner de·clin'er n.

      (di.CLYN.iz.um) n. The belief that something, particularly a country or a political or economic system, is undergoing a significant and possibly irreversible decline.
      declinist n., adj.

      Example Citations:
      The declinists, we might say, will always be with us. Wherever anyone believes in progress, someone, possibly the same one, believes in decline. Declinism emerges today from the triumphalism of the right: In our greatness, conservatives say, there is much to lose, and many who threaten us. So, too, does it emerge from the pessimism of the left: Power corrupts, and the corrupt will get their comeuppance. At present, both impulses—triumphalist and pessimistic, chest-beating and self-lacerating—are on the upsurge. So too, then, declinism.
      —Laura Secor, "That sinking feeling," The Boston Globe, September 14, 2003

      Nearly every sentiment and idea that Franzen relays about the fallen preeminence of literature has been expressed before, and better. No one needs to be reminded for the umpteenth time that Dickens was a popular sensation and that the audiences that once clamored at the docks for news of Little Nell now queue at the multiplex or congregate in cyberspace. Like Broadway, the fabulous invalid, the serious novel has seemed poised to breathe its last ever since electricity entered the home. As a cultural analyst, Franzen is simply the latest to join the chorus line of declinism: Gore Vidal has been signing the novel's death certificate for a half-century.
      —James Wolcott, "Advertisements for Himself," The New Republic, December 2, 2002

      First Use:
      In 1988 the United States reached the zenith of its fifth wave of declinism since the 1950s. The roots of this phenomenon lie in the political economy literature of the early 1980s that analyzed the fading American economic hegemony and attempted to identify the consequences of its disappearance. ... Although predominantly of a liberal-leftist hue, declinist writings reflect varying political philosophies and make many different claims. In general, however, they offer three core propositions.
      First, the United States is declining economically compared to other market economy countries, most notably Japan but also Europe and the newly industrializing countries. The declinists focus on economic performance and on scientific, technological and educations factors presumably related to economic performance.
      Second, economic power is the central element of a nation's strength, and hence a decline in economic power eventually affects the other dimensions of national power.
      Third, the relative economic decline of the United States is caused primarily by its spending too much for military purposes, which in turn is the result, in Kennedy's phrase, of "imperial overstretch," of attempting to maintain commitments abroad that the country can no longer afford.
      —Samuel P. Huntington," The U.S. — Decline or Renewal?," Foreign Affairs, December 1, 1988

      Declinism has been called the "apocalypse soon" school of international relations. The word was coined in 1988 by Samuel P. Huntington (see the first use, above), but the noun "declinist" appears in the Oxford English Dictionary, where a citation from 1831 mentions the "doctrine of the decline of science" and labels one of its proponents as "the leader of the Declinists." The opposite is triumphalism, which originally (circa 1964) referred to excessive or blind pride in the achievements of one's religion or church, but now has a broader mandate in the language (for example, excessive or blind pride in the achievements of one's country).



      Pronunciation: /kʌmˈʌp(ə)ns/
      Translate comeuppance | into French | into German
      Definition of comeuppance


      [in singular] informal
      a punishment or fate that someone deserves:he got his comeuppance in the end


      • レベル:社会人必須
      • 発音記号[snʌ'g]
      [形](〜・ger, 〜・gest)
      1 〈場所・設備などが〉居心地のよい, 暖かくて気持ちのよい
      a snug cottage
      2 ((叙述))〈人が〉心地よい状態にある, 安楽にしている
      (as) snug as a bug in a rug
      ぬくぬくとおさまって, 居心地よく.
      3 〈衣類が〉体にぴったりの, 少しきつい;〈ふたなどが〉ぴったり合う.
      4 〈家などが〉こじんまりした, 整った;〈船などが〉きちんと整備された;〈船が〉航海に耐える.
      5 〈収入などが〉不自由のない, 十分な.
      6 内輪の, 私的の, 秘密の, うまく隠された
      a snug retreat
      ━━[動](〜・ged, 〜・ging)(自)気持ちよく寄り添う, くつろぐ.
      1 …を気持ちよくする, 小ぎれいにする, きちんとする;…を(…に)ぴったり合わせる((to ...)).
      2 …を隠す.
      ━━[副]居心地よく, きちんと, こじんまりと.


      • レベル:社会人必須
      • 発音記号[hidʒéməni | -gém-]

      1 (連盟などの間の)主導権, 盟主権.
      2 指導権;優位, 支配, 覇権(はけん)
      seek hegemony
      [ギリシャ語hēgemonía (hēgemon指導者+-Y3=指導者であること)]
      heg・e・mon・ic〔hèdmnik | hìimn-〕


      Pronunciation: /ˈhɛdʒɪmɒn/
      Entry from World dictionary


      • a supreme leader.


      early 20th century: from Greek hēgemōn