2015年11月10日 星期二

dope, doping ring, anti-doping, race, racewalking, a gale of, downer, regale, job-hopping, party-hopping, sedative, sedation, putative

There is nothing quite like falling in love. The palms sweat, the heart races. It is a kind of madness that can be measured neurologically. Those early kisses flood the brain’s neural synapses with dopamine, the same chemical that is boosted when you take cocaine. But time passes, and, alas, the drug wears off. Nights of endless passion are replaced with snoring. Studies show that married couples can expect around two years of the passionate stuff, and then decades of a companionable slog. So why get married at all? Why not just look for the next dopamine hit?


Racewalkers in 2013 in Saransk, the home city of the Russian Olympic Race Walking Training Center. CreditOksana Yushko for The New York Times

Where Racewalking Is King, Doping Is, Too

Viktor Chegin has attained national hero status in Russia as a racewalking coach, but now he and his training center are at the center of one of track’s biggest doping scandals.

Dominating everything are portraits of bodhisattvas of otherworldly beauty, elegance and compassion, eyes half-closed, swaying on the threshold of enlightenment, caught in what the great historian of Indian art, Stella Kramrisch, wonderfully described as "a gale of stillness".

What's the latest dope?
What's the latest, dope?

Putative buyers of the "Fresh Whole Rabbit" ($45.90) appear taken aback by what arrives in the mail. "It's Dead!" complained a California reviewer. "I bought this for my kids since they wanted a bunny for Easter…They cried the whole day and it really made the Easter Egg hunt a downer…It may have been alive when it was first packed but the box didn't have any holes in it."

Armstrong Was Central Figure in Doping Ring, Officials Say
By JULIET MACUR 6 minutes ago
Lance Armstrong, who won the Tour de France seven times, doped and demanded his teammates do so, the United States Anti-Doping Agency said. The cyclist denies having ever doped.

Armstrong Ends Fight Against Doping Case

Lance Armstrong said Thursday he would not fight doping charges brought by United States authorities, which means he is likely to lose his seven Tour de France titles.

"inside dope" 內情


"Everything with them is, let's sedate the kid instead of trying to solve the problem. They want to dope her up; they want her to sit there like she doesn't exist."

DEBRA STRIGNANO, whose mentally retarded daughter Katie experienced serious side effects after staff members in a New York state group home tripled her dosage of antipsychotic medications.

Hard Choice for a Comfortable Death: Sedation
Inducing sleep with drugs near the end of life is a widely used treatment even as it vexes families and doctors.
Top Story   Another Downer
for Stocks Dow falls 443 as Cisco foresees a steep drop in orders, shoppers stay home, and jobless benefits leap Plus: GM in Survival Mode

Dr. Ezekiel J. Emanuel, one of the study’s authors, said doctors should not prescribe antibiotics or sedatives as placebos, given those drugs’ risks. Use of less active placebos is understandable, he said, since risks are low.

At 5,280 Feet, the Party Atmosphere Is Thin
This year at the Democratic National Convention there is a new complaint being whispered by disgruntled guests: partying in Denver is a downer.

“Normally at conventions, you’d have people regaling you with what happened the night before,” said Emil Hill, a Washington communications executive who has been party-hopping steadily all week. “This time, not a single person has given me a story. I guess when you lose two elections in a row, people learn from that.”

It said Wada's work would help Russia "to perfect its anti-doping system" and "specialists" ...

Doping (semiconductor) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

In semiconductor production, doping intentionally introduces impurities into an extremely pure (also referred to as intrinsic) semiconductor for the purpose of ...

(dōp) pronunciation
  1. Informal.
    1. A narcotic, especially an addictive narcotic.
    2. Narcotics considered as a group.
    3. An illicit drug, especially marijuana.
  2. A narcotic preparation used to stimulate a racehorse.
  3. Informal. A stupid person; a dolt.
  4. Informal. Factual information, especially of a private nature.
  5. Chemistry. An absorbent or adsorbent material used in certain manufacturing processes, such as the nitroglycerin used in making dynamite.
  6. A type of lacquer formerly used to protect, waterproof, and tauten the cloth surfaces of airplane wings.
  7. Chiefly Southern U.S. See cola1.
  8. Lower Northern U.S. Syrup or sweet sauce that is poured on ice cream.

v., doped, dop·ing, dopes. v.tr.
  1. Informal.
    1. To administer a narcotic to: was doped up for the operation.
    2. To add a narcotic to: They doped his drink before robbing him.
    3. To administer a performance-enhancing substance to (an athlete).
    4. To subject (an athlete) to blood doping.
  2. Informal. To figure out (a puzzle, for example).
  3. Informal. To make a rough plan of: doped out our proposal on scratch paper.
  4. Electronics. To treat (a semiconductor) with a dopant.
v.intr. Informal
  1. To take narcotics or a performance-enhancing substance.
  2. To engage in blood doping.
[Dutch doop, sauce, from doopen, to dip.]
doper dop'er n.
REGIONAL NOTE Dope was borrowed into English from the Dutch word doop, "sauce." Throughout the 19th century it meant "gravy." In the North Midland United States, particularly Ohio, dope is still heard as the term for an ice-cream topping, such as syrup. In the South, particularly in South Carolina, dope means "a cola-flavored soft drink." Dope was especially used of those medicinal preparations that produced a stupefying effect, and it even became a slang term for the dark, molasses-like form of opium that was smoked in opium dens. Some of the common modern meanings of the word dope-"a narcotic substance" and "narcotics considered as a group,"-developed from this use of the word.


n. Slang.
  1. A depressant or sedative drug, such as a barbiturate or tranquilizer.
  2. One that depresses, such as an experience or person.
Definition of downer


  • 1 (usually downers) a depressant or tranquillizing drug, especially a barbiturate: during that week I was heavily doped on downers
  • 2a dispiriting or depressing experience or factor:the thought of the danger his son was in put something of a downer on the situation
3a cow or other animal that has fallen down and cannot get to its feet unaided.
(sĭ-dāt') pronunciation
Serenely deliberate, composed, and dignified in character or manner. See synonyms at serious.

[Latin sēdātus, past participle of sēdāre, to settle, calm.]
sedately se·date'ly adv.
sedateness se·date'ness n.

se·date2 (sĭ-dāt') pronunciation
tr.v., -dat·ed, -dat·ing, -dates.
To administer a sedative to; calm or relieve by means of a sedative drug.

sed・a・tive ━━ a., n. 静める; 鎮静剤.⇒sedate


Line breaks: gale


1A very strong wind:I slept well despite the howling gales outsideit was blowing a gale[AS MODIFIER]: gale-force winds battered the North Sea coast
1.1(also fresh gale) (On the Beaufort scale) a wind of force 8 (34-40 knots or 63-74 km/h).
1.2A storm at sea.
2(a gale of/gales of) An outburst of laughter:she collapsed into gales of laughter


mid 16th century: perhaps related to Old Norse galinn'mad, frantic'.



v., -galed, -gal·ing, -gales. v.tr.
  1. To provide with great enjoyment; entertain. See synonyms at amuse.
  2. To entertain sumptuously with food and drink; provide a feast for.
To feast.
  1. A great feast.
  2. A choice food; a delicacy.
  3. Refreshment.
[French régaler, from Old French regal, feast, from gale (influenced by se rigoler, to amuse oneself), from galer, to make merry.]


n. Informal.
The practice of changing jobs frequently, especially as a means of quick financial gain or career advancement.

hop Show phonetics
verb -pp-
1 [I] to jump on one foot or to move about in this way:
I tried to hop on my good foot while holding onto Jim.

2 [I + adverb or preposition] INFORMAL to go somewhere quickly or to get into or out of a vehicle quickly:
We hopped over to Bruges for the weekend.
I hopped on the bus at the traffic lights.

3 [I] If a small animal, bird or insect hops, it moves by jumping on all or two of its feet at the same time:
The rabbit/bird hopped across the grass.

hop Show phonetics
noun [C]
a short jump by a person on one foot, or by a small animal, bird or insect on all or two of its feet at the same time:
With his feet tied together he could only move in little hops.


  • レベル:社会人必須
  • 発音記号[dóup]

(1) [U]((略式))麻薬, 「ヤク」, 麻酔剤, 睡眠薬;(スポーツ選手・競走馬に与える)興奮剤
a dope dealer
麻薬の密売人, 「ヤクの売人(ばいにん)」.
(2) ((米略式))麻薬常用[中毒]者.
2 [U]((略式))(競馬の)予想;(一般に)(秘密)情報, 予想, 予報((on ...))
Slip me the inside dope.
3 ((略式))ぐうたら, まぬけ.
4 [U](潤滑剤として用いる)ドープ;(ダイナマイト製造などに用いる)吸収剤;《航空》ドープ塗料(一種のワニス).
5 ((米南部))炭酸飲料, (特に)コカコーラ(Coca-Cola).
1 ((通例受身))((略式))…に麻薬を与える, をヤク漬けにする((up));〈飲み物などに〉麻薬[睡眠薬]を入れる;〈スポーツ選手・競走馬に〉興奮剤を与える, ドーピングする.
2 …をドープで処理する;…にドープ塗料を塗る.
3 ((略式))…を(情報などを入手して)予想する.
4 ((略式))…をだます, 欺く.
dope off
((略式))(麻薬が効いているように)うつらうつらする, 居眠りする;(勤務を)サボる.
dope ... out/dope out ...
(1) …を算出する, 割り出す;…を考案する, 考え出す, 見つけ出す.
(2) …を(入手できる情報に基づいて)推論[予想]する.

Definition of putative
  • generally considered or reputed to be:the putative father of her children




late Middle English: from Old French putatif, -ive or late Latin putativus, from Latin putat- 'thought', from the verb putare