2016年11月1日 星期二

debilitating, claustrophobia, immeasurable, sneer, lifeline, hyped up, credit line

He was the beating heart of Pink Floyd's early song-making. But after the release of their first LP, "The Piper at the Gates of Dawn", he ceased to function as a band member, debilitated by LSD use

Cambridge commemorates one of its peculiar own
ECONOMIST.COM
 Suffering from claustrophobia, the irrational fear of confined spaces, can be debilitating. But why do people suffer from the condition?
"The two discoveries have provided humankind with powerful new means to combat these debilitating diseases that affect hundreds of millions of people annually," the Nobel Prize Committee said Monday. "The consequences in terms of improved human health and reduced suffering are immeasurable.


If cornered, Mr. Russell could draw his sword and use it to lethal effect. His review of a show by the sculptor Beverly Pepper in 1987 remains a model of take-no-prisoners criticism. “In its cumulative effect this may well, in fact, be one of the most debilitating, hyped-up and deeply offensive exhibitions of the postwar era,” he wrote in The Times. “This is not because the work is ‘bad,’ but because it does not reach that level of achievement at which the words ‘bad’ and ‘good’ have any meaning.”

Years ago, a large poster featuring an appealingly sweaty and smiling young man climbing a mountain appeared in my subway station, directly across from my usual waiting spot. Purportedly he had been invigorated by one of the first AIDS drugs marketed directly to the public. He looked magnificent on top of his mountain, a lot better than my AIDS patients — a lot better than me.

The advertising campaign worked well. Over the months, quite a few patients urgently requested the mountain man’s drug. Then they began to come back complaining of some of the predictable side effects, which were debilitating and particularly tricky to manage. I moved down the platform so I wouldn’t have to look at the mountain man anymore. His smile had become a sneer.

A COUPLE of years ago I received a letter from an American soldier in Iraq. The letter began by saying that, as we’ve all become painfully aware, serving on the front lines is physically exhausting and emotionally debilitating. But the reason for his writing was to tell me that in that hostile and lonely environment, a book I’d written had become a kind of lifeline.


The New York Times leads with word that Western officials are discussing ways in which they can help developing countries that are increasingly being affected by the financial crisis. The International Monetary Fund is the key player in all of this and is currently working on setting up a "huge credit line" for emerging economies that are in desperate need of foreign capital and is negotiating with several countries to provide emergency loans to these troubled economies.



The troubled insurance giant American International Group already has consumed three-quarters of a federal $123 billion rescue loan, a little more than a month after the government stepped in to save the company from bankruptcy.
AIG has borrowed $90.3 billion from the Federal Reserve's credit line as of yesterday, the bulk of it to pay off bad bets the company made in guaranteeing other firms' risky mortgage investments. That's up from roughly $83 billion AIG had borrowed a week ago, and the $68 billion level it reached a week before that. The news comes as the company's new chief executive warned Wednesday that the government's financial lifeline may not be enough to keep AIG afloat.





A COUPLE of years ago I received a letter from an American soldier in Iraq. The letter began by saying that, as we’ve all become painfully aware, serving on the front lines is physically exhausting and emotionally debilitating. But the reason for his writing was to tell me that in that hostile and lonely environment, a book I’d written had become a kind of lifeline.


debilitate 
verb [T] FORMAL
to make someone or something physically weak:
Chemotherapy exhausted and debilitated him.

debilitating 
adjective FORMAL
a debilitating condition/disease

debility 
noun [U] FORMAL
physical weakness


lifeline 
noun [C]
1 something, especially a way of getting help, on which you depend to lead your life in a satisfactory way:
For many old people living on their own the telephone is their lifeline to the outside world.

2 a rope which is thrown to someone who is in the water, especially the sea, and is in danger




credit line
n.
  1. A line of copy acknowledging the source or origin of a news dispatch, published article, or other work.
  2. The maximum amount of credit to be extended to a customer. Also called line of credit.


hype



━━ n. 〔俗〕 =hypodermic; 〔俗〕 麻薬中毒(者); 〔俗〕 詐欺, 誇大広告.
━━ vt. 〔俗〕 (麻薬を注射して)興奮させる, 刺激する ((up)); 〔俗〕 だます, 誇大宣伝する ((up)).
hyped up 〔俗〕 誇大の; 〔俗〕 (麻薬に酔ったように)興奮して.

lifeline
noun [C]
1 something, especially a way of getting help, on which you depend to lead your life in a satisfactory way:
For many old people living on their own the telephone is their lifeline to the outside world.

2 a rope which is thrown to someone who is in the water, especially the sea, and is in dangerdebilitate
verb [T] FORMAL vt. 衰弱させる.
to make someone or something physically weak:
Chemotherapy exhausted and debilitated him.

debilitating
adjective FORMAL
a debilitating condition/disease

debility Phonetic
noun [U] FORMAL
physical weaknesssneer Show phonetics
verb [I or T]
to talk about or look at someone or something in an unkind way that shows you do not respect or approve of them:
You may sneer, but a lot of people like this kind of music.
She'll probably sneer at my new shoes because they're not expensive.
[+ speech] "Is that the best you can do?" he sneered.

sneer Show phonetics
noun [C] DISAPPROVING
an unkind facial expression which shows your lack of respect or approval of someone or something:
"How much did you say you earned last year - was it fifteen thousand?" she said with a sneer.

sneering Show phonetics
adjective DISAPPROVING
rude and not showing respect:
I don't like that superior, sneering tone of his.

sneeringly Show phonetics
adverb DISAPPROVING



sneer







━━ n., v. 嘲笑(ちょうしょう)(する) ((at)); あざけりのことば[顔つき]; 嘲笑して言う; あざ笑って…させる.
sneer・ing・ly ━━ ad. あざけって.



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