2017年2月8日 星期三

heartened enclave, disheartening, discouraged, national, nationalities band together

Neil Gorsuch, nominated by the president to fill the late Justice Scalia’s seat, told a Democratic senator that Trump’s comments were “disheartening.”

Two Ships Have Arrived in Vietnam to Evacuate Chinese Nationals
Those who take cruising holidays, it seems, like to mix with their own; Portuguese-, German- and Japanese-speaking ships are winning market share. On one level, of course, this is understandable; there is a natural tendency to flock together. Still, it is a little disheartening when nationalities band together on holiday http://econ.st/1ex74Mb

Petrut Calinescu for The New York Times

Sfantu Gheorghe Journal
Kosovo’s Break Heartens a Hungarian Enclave
Romania’s Hungarian minority, known as Szeklers, believe it’s their time for independence and for their proposed semi-autonomous state, Szeklerland.

A haiku by Ochi Etsujin in the early Edo Period (1603-1867), a disciple of the poet Matsuo Basho (1644-1694), reads: "Getting older/ I hide my graying hair/ From my parents." If parents notice that their children's hair is getting gray, it must make them feel disheartened.

The move could shake some investors' confidence in John Thain, Merrill's chief executive, who has repeatedly denied that the firm would need to raise more capital. A senior vice president at Ferguson Wellman Capital Management told Bloomberg News the announcement was "surprising and a little disheartening."Indeed, for all its problems, few doubt Japan still commands formidable social, economic and financial reserves. Not least, the fortitude and determination shown by the people of Tohoku have offered an inspirational model for a discouraged nation.

Leading Scholar’s U-Turn on School Reform Shakes Up Debate
The historian Diane Ravitch’s reversal on reform strategies, like standardized testing and charter schools, has angered critics and heartened admirers. 


Jiayan Mi Zang Di already shared it on his Wechat a while ago! Congrats. Just saw the cover painting of your poetry book. Look forward to reading it.http://mp.weixin.qq.com/s?__biz=MzA3ODA5MDczMg%3D%3D......翻譯年糕

功能介绍 飞地传媒为致力于推广与传播诗歌艺术的独立文化品牌。飞地(Enclave)源自人文地理术语,意在喻指当代思想、精神之领土与净地。飞地以独立、开放、前瞻的姿态,专注于对诗歌、艺术等文化形态的深度梳理、纪录传播,藉此构建与守护我们共有的人文领地。

  • 內飛地enclave):指某個國家境內有塊土地,其主權屬於另外一個國家,則該地區稱為此國家的內飛地,如兩德統一前東德境內的西柏林
  • 外飛地exclave):某國家擁有一塊與本國分離開來的領土,該領土被其他國家包圍,則該領土稱為某國的外飛地,例如亞塞拜然的外飛地納希契凡
noun [C]
a part of a country that is surrounded by another country, or a group of people who are different from the people living in the surrounding area:
Campione d'Italia is an Italian enclave in Switzerland.

hearten Show phonetics
verb [T]
to make someone feel happier and more positive about a situation:
Anti-government protesters have been heartened by recent government promises of free and fair elections.
NOTE: The opposite is dishearten.

heartened Show phonetics
adjective [after verb]
feeling happier and more positive about something:
I was heartened to hear reports that the tickets for the show were selling well.
We all felt heartened by the news.

heartening Show phonetics
making you feel happier and more positive:
It was heartening to see so many people at the rally.

verb [T]
to make a person lose confidence, hope and energy; to discourage

She was very disheartened by the results of the test.

disheartening news

[with object]
  • cause (someone) to lose determination or confidence:the farmer was disheartened by the damage to his crops (as adjective disheartened)a disheartened tone of voice





Line breaks: na|tion¦al
Pronunciation: /ˈnaʃ(ə)n(ə)l/


  • 1Relating to or characteristic of a nation; common to a whole nation: this policy may have been in the national interest a national newspaper
  • 1.1Owned, controlled, or financially supported by the state: plans for a national art library


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  • 2 (usually nationals) A national newspaper as opposed to a local one: the inability of the local press to compete with the nationals for news



[sentence adverb]: nationally, there has been a 2.5 per cent drop in car crime


late 16th century: from French, from Latin natio(n-) 'birth, race of people' (see nation).