2016年10月1日 星期六

stiff, censure, hike, tramp, stiffen, priggish, prissy, stiff-necked, take a hike, spading

To stiff contractors.

"I did everything right. And then Trump cheated me. It’s a callous way to do business."
The Republican nominee is a callous businessman.
Restaurant in Beijing Temple Rejects State Media Censure
JESS MACY YU 2014年12月23日
 censure 強烈責難...

Sigmund Freud, a pioneer of modern psychology, was born on May 6th 1856. "A Dangerous Method" portrayed Freud as a witty patriarch, siding with him against his stiff-necked protégé Carl Jung

The father of psychoanalysis Sigmund Freud was born on this day in 1856
Taiwan premier quits after poll loss
Taiwan's premier, Jiang Yi-huah, quits after his ruling pro-China party suffers stiff defeat in local elections.


Europe’s Antitrust Chief Censures Google’s Motorola Mobility Over Key Patents



 Germans React Coolly to Moody's Warning
A warning that the euro crisis could cost Germany its triple-A credit rating is stepping up pressure on Merkel to take bolder action, but also stiffening domestic opposition to further bailouts, including within her ruling coalition.

Japanese lawmakers approved censure motions against two members of Prime Minister Yoshihiko Noda's cabinet, in a tactical blow that could complicate his efforts to push through a contentious tax-increase bill.

prissy Pronunciation

(adjective) Excessively or affectedly prim and proper.
Synonyms:priggish, prudish, square-toed, straight-laced, tight-laced, victorian, puritanical, prim
Usage:A free-spirited party girl, I am the complete opposite of my prissy and well-mannered sister.

Vote in Kyrgyzstan Gets Harsh Criticism
European observers issued a stiff censure of presidential elections in Kyrgyzstan, where President Bakiyev claimed a landslide victory that would cement his hold on power.

Clinton Speaks of Shielding Mideast From Iran
Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton stiffened the American line against Iran.


Tramps for Eternity
Anthony Page’s smart, engaging production of “Waiting for Godot” makes it clear that this greatest of 20th-century plays is also entertainment of a high order.

U.N. conference delegates rejected banning toxic waste exports, instead encouraging countries to institute their own controls. The proposal ran into stiff opposition from the U.S., Japan, Canada and India.

Toyota to hike price of Prius, luxury models in Japan
The Daily Yomiuri - Osaka,Japan
Toyota Motor Corp. has begun discussions on raising retail prices of its hybrid engine-powered Prius and luxury models in Japan in response to rising steel ...

noun [C]
an increase in the cost of something, especially a large or unwanted increase:
The recent hike in train fares came as a shock to commuters.

verb [I or T]
The Chancellor has hiked (up) interest rates again.hike (WALK) Show phonetics
noun [C]
a long walk, especially in the countryside

verb [I]
to go for a long walk in the countryside

noun [U]
We're going hiking in the Lake District next weekend.

noun [C]
On sunny days the trails are full of hikers.

 take a hike/walk:慣用語,滾啦、閃遠一點(美國日常用語,以不禮貌方式叫人走開)。例句:Take a hike! Stop bothering me!(滾啦!別煩我!)


(stĭf) pronunciation
adj., stiff·er, stiff·est.
  1. Difficult to bend; rigid.
    1. Not moving or operating easily or freely; resistant: a stiff hinge.
    2. Lacking ease or comfort of movement; not limber: a stiff neck.
  2. Drawn tightly; taut.
    1. Rigidly formal.
    2. Lacking ease or grace.
  3. Not liquid, loose, or fluid; thick: stiff dough.
  4. Firm, as in purpose; resolute.
  5. Having a strong, swift, steady force or movement: a stiff current; a stiff breeze.
  6. Potent or strong: a stiff drink.
  7. Difficult, laborious, or arduous: a stiff hike; a stiff examination.
  8. Difficult to comprehend or accept; harsh or severe: a stiff penalty.
  9. Excessively high: a stiff price.
  10. Nautical. Not heeling over much in spite of great wind or the press of the sail.
  1. In a stiff manner: frozen stiff.
  2. To a complete extent; totally: bored stiff.
n. Slang.
  1. A corpse.
  2. A person regarded as constrained, priggish, or overly formal.
  3. A drunk.
  4. A person: a lucky stiff; just an ordinary working stiff.
  5. A hobo; a tramp.
  6. A person who tips poorly.
tr.v. Slang., stiffed, stiff·ing, stiffs.
  1. To tip (someone) inadequately or not at all, as for a service rendered: paid the dinner check but stiffed the waiter.
    1. To cheat (someone) of something owed: My roommate stiffed me out of last month's rent.
    2. To fail to give or supply (something expected or promised).
[Middle English, from Old English stīf.]
stiffish stiff'ish adj.
stiffly stiff'ly adv.
stiffness stiff'ness n.
SYNONYMS stiff, rigid, inflexible, inelastic, tense. These adjectives describe what is very firm and does not easily bend or give way.
Stiff, the least specific, refers to what can be flexed only with difficulty (a brush with stiff bristles); with reference to persons it often suggests a lack of ease, cold formality, or fixity, as of purpose: “stiff in opinions” (John Dryden).
Rigid and inflexible apply to what cannot be bent without damage or deformation (a table of rigid plastic; an inflexible knife blade); figuratively they describe what does not relent or yield: “under the dictates of a rigid disciplinarian” (Thomas B. Aldrich). “In religion the law is written, and inflexible, never to do evil” (Oliver Goldsmith).
Inelastic refers largely to what will not stretch and spring back without marked physical change: inelastic construction materials. Tense means stretched tight and figuratively applies to what is marked by tautness or strain: “that tense moment of expectation” (Arnold Bennett).

2Severe or strong:they face stiff fines and a possible jail sentencea stiff increase in taxes
2.1(Of a wind) blowing strongly:a stiff breeze stirring the lake
2.3(Of an alcoholic drink) strong:a stiff measure of brandy
v., tramped, tramp·ing, tramps.
  1. To walk with a firm, heavy step; trudge.
    1. To travel on foot; hike.
    2. To wander about aimlessly.
  1. To traverse on foot: tramp the fields.
  2. To tread down; trample: tramp down snow.
    1. A heavy footfall.
    2. The sound produced by heavy walking or marching.
  1. A walking trip; a hike.
  2. One who travels aimlessly about on foot, doing odd jobs or begging for a living; a vagrant.
    1. A prostitute.
    2. A person regarded as promiscuous.
  3. Nautical. A tramp steamer.
  4. A metal plate attached to the sole of a shoe for protection, as when spading ground.
[Middle English trampen, to walk heavily, from Middle Low German.]
tramper tramp'er n.
trampish tramp'ish adj.
trampy tramp'y adj.

  1. An expression of strong disapproval or harsh criticism.
  2. An official rebuke, as by a legislature of one of its members.
tr.v., -sured, -sur·ing, -sures.
  1. To criticize severely; blame. See synonyms at criticize.
  2. To express official disapproval of: “whether the Senate will censure one of its members for conflict of interest” (Washington Post).
[Middle English, from Latin cēnsūra, censorship, from cēnsor, Roman censor. See censor.]


  • 発音記号[sénʃər]
  • [名][U]((形式))激しい非難, とがめ, きびしい譴責(けんせき);不信任の表明
unreasonable censure of [for] a play
deserve censure
pass a vote of censure against [on] a person
━━[動](他)〈人を〉(…の点で)痛烈に批判[非難]する, とがめる((for ...))
censure a person for a fault [for being lazy]
━━(自)批判[非難]する, とがめる.
[ラテン語censūra(censor検閲係+-URE=検閲をする役所→判断→非難). △CENSOR, CENSUS


━━ a. 堅い, 硬直した; 窮屈な, すらすら動かない, きつい; (綱など)張りつめた; 堅ねりの, 粘りのある; ぎこちない, 形式張った; (風など)激しい; 困難な; 頑固な; (アルコール分の)強い; 高価な; 【商業】強含みの; 〔話〕 ひどい, 途方もない.
━━ ad. ひどく.
bore … stiff (人)をひどく退屈させる.
scare … stiff (人)をひどく脅かす.
━━ n. 〔俗〕 死体; 〔俗〕 …なやつ; 堅苦しい[融通のきかない]人.
stiff・en ━━ v. 堅くする[なる]; 強くする[なる]; 硬化[直]させる[する] ((up)); よそよそしくなる; 〔俗〕 殺す.
stiff・en・er n.(しん).
stiff・en・ing n. stiffener の材料.
stiff・ly ━━ ad.
stiff-necked ━━ a. 首筋がこわばった; 頑固な.


Haughty and stubborn:stiff-necked pride
stiff・ness ━━ n.

  • 発音記号[stífən]
1 …を強める, 強化する;〈態度・決意などを〉強める, 頑固にする, 硬化させる;…を緊張させる;〈文体などを〉堅苦しくする
stiffen a person's resolve
stiffen the morale
stiffen controls on the sale of explosives
2 〈のりなどを〉固める, 固練りする, …をこわばらせる, 硬直させる
stiffen the shirt with starch
3 〈値段などを〉高くする, 上げる;〈要求などを〉きびしくする.
1 〈体などが〉こわばる, 硬直する, 〈態度・決意などが〉堅くなる, 硬化する;緊張する.
2 〈物が〉固くなる, 凝固する.
3 強さ[困難さ]を増す.
 4 〈物価が〉上がる;〈相場が〉強含みとなる;〈要求などが〉きびしくなる.


Pronunciation: /speɪd/

Definition of spade


  • a tool with a sharp-edged, typically rectangular, metal blade and a long handle, used for digging or cutting earth, sand, turf, etc..
  • a tool shaped like a spade but used for another purpose, especially one for removing the blubber from a whale.
  • [as modifier] shaped like a spade:a spade bit


[with object]
  • dig over (ground) with a spade:while spading the soil, I think of the flowers
  • [with object and adverbial of direction] move (soil) with a spade:earth is spaded into the grave

call a spade a spade

speak plainly without avoiding unpleasant or embarrassing issues: it is time to name names and call a spade a spade



noun (plural spadefuls)


Old English spadu, spada, of Germanic origin; related to Dutch spade, German Spaten, also to Greek spathē 'blade, paddle'