2016年8月13日 星期六

bird, muddle, t leg-up, muddle through, task, daunting,loot, looter, bum, vagrant, birder,birding

“It’s much more about how the numbers in finance tell a story than about sitting down and doing deep calculations over and over again. It’s for those who feel like they have a need for a finance overview or are in a role in an organization where having a financial lens would give them a leg up.” —Professor Mihir A. Desai
The newest HBX certificate program, Leading with Finance, is now accepting applications. 

He later said his studies at Rada under a scholarship began "quite by chance... not out of burning ambition but because of all the wonderful-looking birds".
Ageing is a daunting process, not least because some of the first things to fail are also the most useful, such as memory, attention and motor skills. The idea that some form of regular mental activity can postpone mental decline is not new. Now researchers have found another: playing a certain type of video game could help the elderly stay sharper for longer http://econ.st/1em4h7X
Before the academic year 2015 begins, the Department of Education in America will publish a new college-ratings system, measuring such things as how much it costs to attend an institution, what proportion of students graduate and how much they earn afterwards. The aim is to help students work out which colleges offer the best leg-up for the least loot http://econ.st/19QrtbR


Video Video: 21st Century Birding
Andrew Farnsworth, the project leader of BirdCast, discusses new methods to aggregate data from birders with the help of modern technology.

Muddling Through May Work for Europe4

Turkey Leader Dismisses Protests Over Development
Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan on Sunday said that plans to demolish a public park would continue, calling the tens of thousands of protesters who battled for two days with police officers in the streets of Istanbul “looters” and “bums” in a speech carried live on television.

For Wounded, Daunting Cost; for Aid Fund, Tough Decisions


Many of the people wounded in the Boston bombings could face staggering bills for care and rehabilitation, and compensation fund administrators must decide what to cover.

 What a daunting revelation.
How Slow Can It Go?
With Democrats paralyzed and Republicans offering wrong economic answers, there is no help on the way after the daunting May jobs report.

In the United States, which has muddled along in the middle for the past decade, government officials have attempted to introduce marketplace competition into public schools. In recent years, a group of Wall Street financiers and philanthropists such as Bill Gates have put money behind private-sector ideas, such as vouchers, data-driven curriculum and charter schools, which have doubled in number in the past decade. President Obama, too, has apparently bet on compe­tition. His Race to the Top initiative invites states to compete for federal dollars using tests and other methods to measure teachers, a philosophy that would not fly in Finland. “I think, in fact, teachers would tear off their shirts,” said Timo Heikkinen, a Helsinki principal with 24 years of teaching experience. “If you only measure the statistics, you miss the human aspect.”

The Goldstone report: A barrage of criticism Mahmoud Abbas gets into a terrible muddle over the UN investigation into Israel's assault on the Gaza Strip In Wake of Infernos, Kenyans Describe a Muddled Response By JEFFREY GETTLEMAN
The death toll rose to more than 100 people after an overturned gasoline tanker exploded on a Kenyan highway as looters tried to scoop up the spilled fuel.

The New York Times leads with new revelations that further muddle the picture of how the war between Georgia and Russia this summer unfolded. The paper got its hands on accounts by independent military observers that suggest Georgia began indiscriminately attacking civilian areas in South Ossetia's capital, virtually assuring a Russian response. The NYT takes pains to emphasize that the reports are hardly conclusive, but at the very least they put in doubt Georgia's long-held assertions that it acted largely out of self defense.

In an open letter to Jerry Yang published Saturday, The New York Times' Joe Nocera takes the Yahoo chief to task for what Mr. Nocera described as his muddled handling of Microsoft's bid.

Separately, Kevin Johnson, the president of Microsoft's platform and services division, hinted at what the company may do next in an internal letter to employees.

Go to Article from The New York Times»

The 'One Strategy' Approach to Execution Strategy as it is written up in the corporate playbook often becomes lost or muddled when the team takes the field to execute. In their new book, Professor Marco Iansiti and Microsoft's Steven Sinofsky discuss a "One Strategy" approach to aligning plan and action.



1An act of helping someone to mount a horse or high object:give me a leg-up over the wall
1.1An act of helping someone or something to improve their situation:he gave hip-hop a much-needed leg-up


have (or get) a leg-up on

US informal Have (or get) an advantage over:he’d certainly have a leg-up on the competition

(dônt, dänt) pronunciation
tr.v., daunt·ed, daunt·ing, daunts.
To abate the courage of; discourage. See synonyms at dismay.

[Middle English daunten, from Old French danter, from Latin domitāre, frequentative of domāre, to tame.]
daunter daunt'er n.
dauntingly daunt'ing·ly adv.

Definition of daunting


  • seeming difficult to deal with in prospect; intimidating:a daunting task



noun [U]
an untidy or confused state:
The documents were in a muddle.
Whenever I go abroad I get in a muddle about/over (= become confused about) the money.

 Man is so muddled, so dependent on the things immediately before his eyes, that every day even the most submissive believer can be seen to risk the torments of the afterlife for the smallest pleasure.
Joseph De Maistre - [Temptation]

1 Things that are muddled are badly organized:
He left his clothes in a muddled pile in the corner.

2 A person who is muddled is confused:
He became increasingly muddled as he grew older.


  • レベル:社会人必須
  • 発音記号[mʌ'dl]
[名]((通例a 〜))
1 (特に精神的な)混乱状態, まごつき.
2 (事態の)混乱, 雑念, 乱雑, ごたごた.
be in a muddle
(1) 〈物が〉雑然としている.
(2) 〈人が〉(することが多すぎて)混乱状態である.
make a muddle of ...
1 〈物・事を〉ごちゃ混ぜにする, 混同する;…をめちゃめちゃにする((up, together)).
2 〈人などを〉混乱させる, ぼんやりさせる((up))
get muddled up over the dates
3 〈水などを〉濁らせる;((米))〈カクテルなどを〉(静かに)混ぜ合わせる.
4 〈時間・財産などを〉浪費する, むだにする((away)).
1 泥の中でころげ[はしゃぎ]回る, ばちゃばちゃする.
2 でたらめな[混乱した, 効果的でない]やり方[考え方]をする, ぼんやりと過ごす.
muddle about
muddle on[along]
muddle through
(1) (へまをしながらも, ごまかしごまかし)何とか切り抜ける.
[muddle through ... ]

Definition of muddle


[with object]
  • 1bring into a disordered or confusing state:they were muddling up the cards
  • confuse (a person or their thoughts):Paul was hopelessly muddled by the rates of exchange
  • [no object, with adverbial] busy oneself in an aimless or ineffective way:he was muddling about in the kitchen
  • 2mix (a drink) or stir (an ingredient) into a drink.


[usually in singular]
  • an untidy and disorganized state or collection:the finances were in a muddle [mass noun]:she was able to cut through confusion and muddle
  • a mistake arising from or resulting in confusion:a bureaucratic muddle

Phrasal Verbs

muddle through (or Britishalong)

cope more or less satisfactorily despite lack of expertise, planning, or equipment:while the children were young, we managed to muddle through

muddle something up

confuse two or more things with each other:the words seemed to have got muddled up









late Middle English (in the sense 'wallow in mud'): perhaps from Middle Dutch moddelen, frequentative of modden 'dabble in mud'; compare with mud. The sense 'confuse' was initially associated with alcoholic drink (late 17th century), giving rise to 'busy oneself in a confused way' and 'jumble up' (mid 19th century)

task (WORK)
noun [C]
a piece of work to be done, especially one done regularly, unwillingly or with difficulty:
We usually ask interviewees to perform a few simple tasks on the computer just to test their aptitude.
The government now faces the daunting task of restructuring the entire health service.

verb [T usually passive]
to give someone a task:
We have been tasked with setting up camps for refugees.
  1. A disordered condition; a mess or jumble.
  2. Mental confusion.
phrasal verb:
muddle through
  1. To push on to a favorable outcome in a disorganized way.
[Possibly from obsolete Dutch moddelen, to make water muddy, from Middle Dutch, frequentative of *modden, to make muddy, from modde, mud.]



  • 1a warm-blooded egg-laying vertebrate distinguished by the possession of feathers, wings, and a beak and (typically) by being able to fly.
    • Class Aves; birds probably evolved in the Jurassic period from small dinosaurs that may already have been warm-blooded
  • informal, chiefly North American an aircraft, spacecraft, satellite, or guided missile:the crews worked frantically to ready their birds for flight
  • 2 [usually with adjective] informal a person of a specified kind or character:I’m a pretty tough old bird
  • British informal a young woman; a girlfriend.

Definition of loot


[mass noun]
  • private property taken from an enemy in war: the rooms were stuffed with the loot from Francis’s expeditions into Italy
  • stolen money or valuables:the gang escaped with their loot
  • informal money:ten thousand quid is a lot of loot


[with object]
  • steal goods from (a place), typically during a war or riot:police confronted the protestors who were looting shops
  • steal (goods) in a war, riot, etc.:tonnes of food aid awaiting distribution had been looted
  • Indian steal (something) from someone:a gang looted Rs. 1.5 lakh from a passenger





early 19th century (as a verb): from Hindi lūṭ, from Sanskrit luṇṭh- 'rob'

Definition of bum


North American
  • 1a vagrant: bums had been known to wander up to their door and ask for a sandwich
  • a lazy or worthless person:you ungrateful bum!
  • 2 [in combination] a person who devotes a great deal of time to a specified activity:a ski bum

verb (bums, bumming, bummed)

  • 1 [no object] (usually bum around) travel with no particular purpose:he bummed around Florida for a few months
  • pass one’s time idly:students bumming around at university
  • 2 [with object] get by asking or begging:they tried to bum quarters off us
3 [with object] (usually be bummed out) North American make (someone) feel upset or disappointed: everybody was totally bummed out because I wasn’t there (as adjective bummed-out)Johnny is a rebel—a busted, bummed-out rebel


Pronunciation: /ˈveɪgr(ə)nt/
Translate vagrant | into French | into German | into Italian | into Spanish
Definition of vagrant


  • a person without a settled home or regular work who wanders from place to place and lives by begging.
  • archaic a wanderer.
  • Ornithology a bird that has strayed or been blown from its usual range or migratory route: most birders are hoping to find the wind-blown vagrants of migration Also called accidental.


  • relating to or living the life of a vagrant:vagrant beggars
  • moving from place to place; wandering:vagrant whales
  • literary moving or behaving unpredictably; inconstant:the vagrant heart of my mother





late Middle English: from Anglo-Norman French vagarant 'wandering about', from the verb vagrer


Pronunciation: /ˈbəːdɪŋ/


[mass noun] chiefly North American
the observation of birds in their natural habitats as a hobby.


Pronunciation: /ˈbəːdə/


informal, chiefly North American
a birdwatcher.