2016年7月16日 星期六

wrestle, prim, implore, wrest, strive, micromanagement , pudding, theme

More than 260 people died when a section of the military tried to wrest power from Turkish President Erdogan. After a dramatic night with heavy fighting, the government declared the coup had failed.

The Gold and Blue Loses a Bit of Its Luster

Notre Dame, a top college football program known for academic rigor, changed its media day plans at the last minute as it wrestles with allegations that players cheated on class work.

 The essence of Thatcherism was to oppose the status quo and bet on freedom—odd, since as a prim, upwardly mobile striver, she was in some ways the embodiment of conservatism. She thought nations could become great only if individuals were set free. Unlike Churchill's famous pudding*, her struggles had a theme: the right of individuals to run their own lives, as free as possible from micromanagement by the state.

“Winston Churchill is reported to have once sent a pudding back to a chef complaining it lacked a theme.”
“How many lives (stories, talks, jobs…) lack a theme?”

U.S. House, D.C. Council Wrestle Over Gun Control
The struggle to regulate guns in the District in light of a historic U.S. Supreme Court ruling sparked competing legislative efforts yesterday as members of Congress debated taking control of the issue and the D.C. Council implored them to leave it in local hands.
(By Paul Duggan and Mary Beth Sheridan, The Washington Post)

Obama Has Goal to Wrest a Deal in Climate Talks
The world is looking to the president to wrest some credible success from climate negotiations, and there were some signs that a meaningful political deal might be at hand.

wres·tle (rĕs'əl) pronunciation
v., -tled, -tling, -tles. v.intr.
  1. To contend by grappling and attempting to throw or immobilize one's opponent, especially under contest rules.
  2. To contend or struggle: wrestling with budget cuts.
  3. To strive in an effort to master something: wrestle with one's conscience.
    1. To take part in (a wrestling match).
    2. To take part in a wrestling match with.
  1. To move or lift with great effort and force: wrestled the piano up the stairs.
  2. To throw (a calf or other animal) for branding.
  1. The act or a bout of wrestling.
  2. A struggle.
[Middle English wrestlen, from Old English *wrǣstlian, frequentative of wrǣstan, to twist.]
wrestler wres'tler n.

Struggle with a difficulty or problem:for over a year David wrestled with a guilty conscience


tr.v., wrest·ed, wrest·ing, wrests.
  1. To obtain by or as if by pulling with violent twisting movements: wrested the book out of his hands; wrested the islands from the settlers.
  2. To usurp forcefully: wrested power from the monarchy.
  3. To extract by or as if by force, twisting, or persistent effort; wring: wrest the meaning from an obscure poem.
    1. To distort or twist the nature or meaning of: wrested the words out of context.
    2. To divert to an improper use; misapply.
  1. The act of wresting.
  2. Music. A small tuning key for the wrest pins of a stringed instrument.
[Middle English wresten, from Old English wrǣstan, to twist.]
wrester wrest'er n.

1 [T + to infinitive] to ask someone to do or not do something in a very sincere, emotional and determined way:
She implored her parents not to send her away to school.

2 [T] LITERARY to ask for something in this way:
She clasped her hands, and glancing upward, seemed to implore divine assistance.

He had an imploring look in his eyes.


verb (past strove /strəʊv/ or strived; past participle striven /ˈstrɪv(ə)n/ or strived)

[no object]
  • make great efforts to achieve or obtain something:national movements were striving for independence [with infinitive]:we must strive to secure steady growth
  • struggle or fight vigorously:scholars must strive against bias




Middle English: shortening of Old French estriver; related to estrif 'strife'


adjective (primmer, primmest)

  • feeling or showing disapproval of anything regarded as improper; stiffly correct:a very prim and proper lady

  • verb (prims, primming, primmed)
[with object]
  • purse (the mouth or lips) into a prim expression:Laurie primmed up his mouth





 [形](〜・mer, 〜・mest)
1 〈人・行為などが〉堅苦しい, きちょうめんな;〈特に女性が〉取り澄ました.
2 〈身なり・庭などが〉きちんとした, 整った
prim and proper
━━[動](〜med, 〜・ming)(自)澄ました態度をとる.
1 〈身なり・場所などを〉きちんと整える((out, up)).
2 〈顔などを〉堅くきっとする, 取り澄ます;〈口を〉きゅっと結ぶ((out, up)).


  • 1the subject of a talk, piece of writing, exhibition, etc.; a topic:the theme of the sermon was reverence
  • US an essay written by a school pupil on a particular subject.
  • 2an idea that recurs in or pervades a work of art or literature:love and honour are the pivotal themes of the Hornblower books
  • Music a prominent or frequently recurring melody or group of notes in a composition: the first violin takes up the theme high up in its register
  • [usually as modifier] a piece of music that frequently recurs in or accompanies the beginning and end of a film, play, or musical:a theme song
  • 3 [usually as modifier] a setting given to a restaurant, pub, or leisure venue, intended to evoke a particular country, historical period, culture, etc.:an Irish theme pub
  • 4 Linguistics the first major constituent of a clause, indicating the subject matter, typically being the subject but optionally other constituents, as in ‘smitten he is not’. Contrasted with rheme.
  • the stem of a noun or verb; the part to which inflections are added, especially one composed of the root and an added vowel.
  • 5 historical any of the twenty-nine provinces in the Byzantine empire.


[with object]
  • give a particular theme or setting to (a leisure venue, event, etc.):the amusement park will be themed as a Caribbean pirate stronghold (as adjective themed)a themed party


Middle English: via Old French from Latin thema, from Greek, literally 'proposition'; related to tithenai 'to set or place'
1 題目, 主題, テーマ. ⇒SUBJECT[類語]
the theme of the meeting
2 ((米))小論文, (学生の)課題作文, レポート.
3 《音楽》(楽曲の)主題, テーマ;主旋律;主題曲.
4 《文法》語幹(⇒STEM1[名]7).