Q. Will you participate in Occupy Central?
A. My sincere hope is that there will be no need for Occupy Central. I will say this: If, at the end of the day, the S.A.R. government and Beijing force the people of Hong Kong to accept a set of universal suffrage proposals that are patently false, where there is 100 percent certainty for mainland China as to who is going to be elected, then Beijing cannot blame the Hong Kong people if there is mass mobilization.
New weapons are emerging in the war on cancer. That is good news not just for patients but also for drug companies. The biggest ones, faced with falling sales as their existing medicines go off-patent, are investing in smaller firms with promising cancer treatments under development, hoping to secure the next blockbuster http://econ.st/15B6gl4
《中英對照讀新聞》Migraine heart link in children 孩童偏頭痛與心臟的關係
Children who see flashing lights during a migraine have twice the normal likelihood of having a hole-in-the-heart, a study suggests. US doctors examined 109 children over six who were migraine sufferers. About half of those with a type of migraine accompanied by a visual disturbance called an aura had the heart defect, the Journal of Pediatrics reports.
The British Heart Foundation called for further research into the link. Amy Thompson, senior cardiac nurse at the British Heart Foundation, said： "There could be a number of explanations for this link so further research needs to be carried out before we draw any firm conclusions.
A number of medical studies have found a link in adults between a hole-in-the-heart - known technically as a patent foramen ovale （PFO） - and migraine with aura. This has lead to attempts to treat migraine by surgery to close the hole, when other migraine therapies have failed.
許多醫學研究已發現成年人心臟破洞——技術上的名詞是「心臟卵圓孔未閉合」（patent foramen ovale, PFO）——與偏頭痛時看見光環的關聯，這也因此促成在其他偏頭痛療法失敗時，以手術來閉合心臟破洞以治療偏頭痛的嘗試。
Dr Rachel McCandless and colleagues of the University of Utah used a scanning technique known as an echocardiogram to look for the heart defect. Of the children who had migraines with aura, 50% also had the defect. This is nearly double the rate seen in the general population.
sufferer：名詞，受害者，病患。例句：A new drug may give new hope to thousands of hay-fever sufferers.（新藥或許可為數千名花粉症患者帶來新希望。）
carry out：片語，實行，進行。Our soldiers carried out a successful attack last night.（我們的士兵昨晚成功完成了攻擊。）
draw a conclusion：片語，下結論。例句：I’d seen them together so often I drew the logical conclusion that they were husband and wife.（我常看他們倆在一起，所以我下了個合乎邏輯的結論：他們是夫婦。）
patentLine breaks: pa¦tent
Pronunciation: /ˈpat(ə)nt, ˈpeɪt(ə)nt
verb[with object] Back to top
Originlate Middle English: from Old French, from Latin patent- 'lying open', from the verb patere. The noun sense is from letters patent.
letters patentLine breaks: let|ters pa¦tent
Originlate Middle English: from medieval Latin litterae patentes, literally 'letters lying open'.
|Atrial septal defect|
|Classification and external resources|
Heart of human embryo of about thirty-five days
|This article's introductory section contains too much jargon and may need simplification or further explanation. Please discuss this issue on the talk page, and/or remove or explain jargon terms used in the article. Editing help is available. (January 2009)|
The right side of the heart contains venous blood with a low oxygen content, and the left side of the heart contains arterial blood with a high oxygen content. A normal heart has an interatrial septum that prevents oxygen-rich blood and oxygen-deficient blood from mixing together.
During development of the fetus, the interatrial septum develops to separate the left and right atrium. However, the foramen ovale (pronounced /fɒˈreɪmən oʊˈvɑːliː/) allows blood from the right atrium to the left atrium during fetal development. This opening allows blood to bypass the nonfunctional fetal lungs when the fetus obtains its oxygen from the placenta. A layer of tissue called the septum primum acts as a valve over the foramen ovale during fetal development. After birth, the pressure in the pulmonary circulatory system drops, thus causing the foramen ovale to close entirely. In approximately 25% of adults, the foramen ovale does not entirely seal. In this case, elevation of pressure in the pulmonary circulatory system (i.e.: pulmonary hypertension due to various causes, or transiently during a cough) can cause the foramen ovale to remain open. This is known as a patent foramen ovale (PFO).
- 1 Pathophysiology
- 2 Epidemiology
- 3 Types of atrial septal defects
- 4 Diagnosis
- 5 Treatment
- 6 Associated conditions
- 7 See also
- 8 External links
- 9 References
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