2016年7月5日 星期二

marine, quiver, quiverful, vibrato, ultramarine, submarine, quake in my boots

“The world wavered and quivered and threatened to burst into flames.” 
--from MRS. DALLOWAY by Virginia Woolf

Denmark is a tiny country, with 5.6m people and wallet-draining labour costs. But it is an agricultural giant, home to 30m pigs and a quiverful of global brands. In 2011 farm products made up 20% of its goods exports. The value of food exports grew from €4 billion in 2001 to €16.1 billion in 2011. The government expects it to rise by a further €6.7 billion by 2020 http://econ.st/1et7VLT

  Beyond the orchids one could see the dusty, curved trunk of a palm tree, and then the blazing ultramarine sky. Up in the zenith, so high that it dazzled one to look at them, a few vultures circled without the quiver of a wing.

Italy is shaking in its boot – from the top in Venice to the heel in Puglia. Tourism is the country’s number one industry and spending in early 2009 has declined nearly 9 percent from the previous year. Nancy Greenleese traveled to the Cinque Terre along the Ligurian Sea where the flow of tourist Euros is ebbing.


The ACME musicians — Caleb Burhans and Keats Dieffenbach, violinists; Nadia Sirota, violist; and Clarice Jensen, cellist — produced a sweet, refined sound with a rich vibrato, both in Mr. Johannsson’s music and in its curtain-raising performance of Gavin Bryars’s String Quartet No. 1 (“Between the National and the Bristol”).

n., pl. -tos.
A tremulous or pulsating effect produced in an instrumental or vocal tone by minute and rapid variations in pitch.
[Italian, from Late Latin vibrātus, a quivering, from Latin, past participle of vibrāre, to vibrate. See vibrate.]

quake in my boots

Also, shake in one's boots; quake or shake like a leaf. Tremble with fear, as in The very thought of a hurricane blowing in makes me quake in my boots. Both quake and shake here mean "tremble." These idioms were preceded by the alliterative phrase shake in one's shoes in the late 1800s. The idioms with leaf allude to trembling leaves, as in He was shaking like a leaf when the exams were handed back. A similar expression was used by Chaucer, who put it as quake like an aspen leaf, a particularly apt comparison since aspen leaves have flattened stems that cause the leaves to quiver in the gentlest breeze.

submarine sandwich noun [C] (INFORMAL sub) US
a long thin loaf of bread filled with salad and cold meat or cheese


Definition of ultramarine
[mass noun]
  • a brilliant deep blue pigment originally obtained from lapis lazuli, now made from powdered fired clay, sodium carbonate, sulphur, and resin: [as modifier]:ultramarine blue
  • a brilliant deep blue colour: the colour of the water deepened to ultramarine


late 16th century: from medieval Latin ultramarinus 'beyond the sea'; the name of the pigment is from obsolete Italian (azzurro) oltramarino, literally '(azure) from overseas'
ùltra • maríne
1 群青(ぐんじょう)色の.
2 ((まれ))海のかなたの, 海外の.
1 ウルトラマリン, 群青:あざやかな青色顔料.
2 群青色.



Pronunciation: /ˈweɪvə/ 


1Move in a quivering way; flicker:the flame wavered in the draught
2Become weaker; falter:his love for her had never wavered(as adjective waveringshe gave a wavering smile
2.1Be undecided between two opinions or courses of action:she never wavered from her intention

quiver 1 

Pronunciation: /ˈkwɪvə/ 


1Tremble or shake with a slight rapid motion:the tree’s branches stopped quiveringJuliet’s lower lip quivered
1.1[WITH OBJECT] Cause (something) to make a slight rapid motion:the bird runs along in a zigzag path, quivering its wings


slight trembling movement or sound, especially one caused by a sudden strong emotion:she couldn’t help the quiver in her voice



Pronunciation: /ˈkwɪvərɪŋli/ 




Middle English: from Old English cwifer 'nimble, quick'. The initial qu- is probably symbolic of quick movement (as in quaver and quick).
[動](自)〈人・心・葉・光・声などが〉ぶるぶる震える, 揺れる((with, at ...)). ⇒SHAKE[類語] Her voice was quivering with anger [...
[名]箙(えびら), 靭(うつぼ), 矢筒;矢筒の矢.have an arrow [a shaft] left in one's quiver手だてが残っている, 最後の手段がある.have o...


noun (plural quiverfuls)

  • the amount of arrows a quiver can hold: figurativehe is a writer with a quiverful of credits to his name
  • British humorous a large number of offspring: he had one of his quiverful with him
    [with biblical allusion to Ps. 127:5]


mid 19th century: from quiver2 + -ful


Pronunciation: /məˈriːn/
Translate marine | into French | into German | into Italian | into Spanish
Definition of marine
  • relating to or found in the sea:marine plants marine biology
  • relating to shipping or naval matters:marine insurance
  • (of artists or painting) depicting scenes at sea: marine painters


  • a member of a body of troops trained to serve on land or sea, in particular (in the UK) a member of the Royal Marines or (in the US) a member of the Marine Corps: a contingent of 2,000 marines


tell that to the marines

a scornful expression of disbelief: most intelligent people will ask him to tell that to the marines
[from the saying that will do for the marines but the sailors won't believe it, referring to the horse marines, an imaginary corps of cavalrymen serving as marines (thus out of their element)]


Middle English (as a noun in the sense 'seashore'): from Old French marin, marine, from Latin marinus, from mare 'sea'

submarine trough

Definition of submarine


  • 1a warship with a streamlined hull designed to operate completely submerged in the sea for long periods, equipped with a periscope and typically armed with torpedoes or missiles.
  • a submersible craft of any kind.
  • 2 (also submarine sandwich) North Americananother term for hoagie.


  • existing, occurring, or used under the surface of the sea:submarine volcanic activity



Pronunciation: /sʌbˈmarɪnə/