2017年6月8日 星期四

oppressive, gobsmacked, levy "vignettes"


'I am gobsmacked, everyone is,' said one senior party figure.


Labour may increase share of vote but remain in opposition for next five years
FT.COM




Zeena herselffrom an oppressive realityhad faded into an unsubstantial shade.
連細娜這人也由咄咄逼人的實體褪成一個虛無縹緲的影子

For the past few weeks Barack Obama has been flayed with headlines like "Unmitigated disaster" and "Barack Hussein Bush". A worrying 55% of Americans disapprove of the job he is doing; only 42% approve. Voters are gobsmacked at how badly he has bungled his health reform. Revelation after revelation suggests that Obamacare's awful first month reflects awful planning http://econ.st/1iC3Et4





The European Union is supposedly always enhancing its "four freedoms": the untrammelled movement of goods, people, services and capital. For European motorists, however, life is becoming ever more oppressive. As it is, seven EU countries, along with Switzerland, levy "vignettes", fees to use roads for a particular period that tend to favour local drivers over foreign ones http://econ.st/18rKHWb



dead weight of the past


dead weight

or dead·weight (dĕd'wāt')
n.
  1. The unrelieved weight of a heavy, motionless mass.
  2. An oppressive burden or difficulty.
  3. (Abbr. DW) The fixed weight of a structure or piece of equipment, such as a bridge on its supports. Also called dead load.





vignette
Syllabification: (vi·gnette)

Pronunciation: /vinˈyet/

noun

1a brief evocative description, account, or episode.

2a small illustration or portrait photograph that fades into its background without a definite border.

a small ornamental design filling a space in a book or carving, typically based on foliage.
verb [with object]


portray (someone) in the style of a vignette.


produce (a photograph) in the style of a vignette by softening or shading away the edges of the subject.



Derivatives


vignettist


Pronunciation: /-ˈyetist/

noun

Origin:

late Middle English (sense 2 of the noun; also as an architectural term denoting a carved representation of a vine): from French, diminutive of vigne 'vine'


gobsmacked

Syllabification: (gob·smacked)
Pronunciation: /ˈgäbˌsmakt/

Translate gobsmacked | into French | into Italian

adjective British informal

utterly astonished; astounded.

Derivatives


gobsmacking


Pronunciation: /-ˌsmakiNG/

adjective





Origin:

1980s: from gob1 + smack1, with reference to being shocked by a blow to the mouth, or to clapping a hand to one's mouth in astonishment






oppressiveLine breaks: op¦pres|sive


Pronunciation: /əˈprɛsɪv/


Definition of oppressive in English:
adjective


1Inflicting harsh and authoritarian treatment:an oppressive dictatorship


1.1Weighing heavily on the mind or spirits:the offices present an oppressive atmosphere


2
(Of weather) close and sultry:the day was sunless and oppressive


Origin


Late 16th century: from medieval Latin oppressivus, from oppress- 'pressed against', from the verbopprimere (see oppress).[形]


1 〈支配者が〉圧制[圧政]的な,暴虐的な;〈税・処置などが〉不当にきびしい,過酷な,苦しい,つらい


oppressive worries

耐えがたい心痛


oppressive taxes

重税.

2 〈天候などが〉異常に蒸し暑い,不愉快にさせる,うんざりさせる;ふさぎこませる


oppressive heat

うだるような暑さ.


op・pres・sive・ly

[副]圧制[圧政]的に;重苦しく.


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