2015年12月2日 星期三

conscience, unconscionable, rogue, fraud, defraud, scion, Honest services fraud




Sheldon Silver, the long-serving and powerful Democrat Speaker of the New York state Assembly, was convicted of honest-services fraud, extortion and money laundering yesterday. Our story from earlier this year looks at tackling corruption in the state



"If you are going to remain free, you must be free by way of your conscience and your ability to think.” ‪#‎FrankLloydWrightFridays‬



Joseph Stiglitz: 'A no vote would at least open the possibility that Greece, with its strong democratic tradition, might grasp its destiny in its own hands. Greeks might gain the opportunity to shape a future that, though perhaps not as prosperous as the past, is far more hopeful than the unconscionable torture of the present.
'I know how I would vote.'

Neither alternative – approval or rejection of the troika’s terms – will be...
THEGUARDIAN.COM




A man who claimed he owned a major stake in Facebook was arrested on Friday and charged in what federal prosecutors described was a multi-billion dollar scheme to defraud the social network site and its founder Mark Zuckerberg.
Clinton: Syria Violence "Simply Unconscionable"

Clinton: Syria Violence "Simply Unconscionable"


The latest U.S. condemnation comes after reports of another civilian massacre at the hands of the Assad regime.

 
For One Man, Hawaii Is a Land of Problems
In “The Descendants,” George Clooney plays the scion of an old Hawaii family with many troubles on his hands.
Mets Looked at Fraud Coverage for Madoff Stakes
In 2001, the Mets considered buying fraud insurance to protect the millions they invested with Bernard L. Madoff.


U.S. Alleges Poker Site Stacked Deck
The U.S. Justice Department accused poker celebrities and other executives of a major poker website of defrauding players out of more than $300 million.




U.K.: Millions of Phone Records Sold
Britain's information watchdog said rogue employees at a major mobile phone company illegally sold millions of customer records to rival firms.


rogue (rōg) pronunciation
n.
  1. An unprincipled, deceitful, and unreliable person; a scoundrel or rascal.
  2. One who is playfully mischievous; a scamp.
  3. A wandering beggar; a vagrant.
  4. A vicious and solitary animal, especially an elephant that has separated itself from its herd.
  5. An organism, especially a plant, that shows an undesirable variation from a standard.
adj.
  1. Vicious and solitary. Used of an animal, especially an elephant.
  2. Large, destructive, and anomalous or unpredictable: a rogue wave; a rogue tornado.
  3. Operating outside normal or desirable controls: "How could a single rogue trader bring down an otherwise profitable and well-regarded institution?" (Saul Hansell).

v., rogued, rogu·ing, rogues. v.tr.
  1. To defraud.
  2. To remove (diseased or abnormal specimens) from a group of plants of the same variety.
v.intr.
To remove diseased or abnormal plants.

[Origin unknown.] 此字英國中世紀起即有
[動](他)〈人を〉だまして(物を)奪う, 取る((of ...)).

fraud
In law, the deliberate misrepresentation of fact for the purpose of depriving someone of a valuable possession or legal right. Any omission or concealment that is injurious to another or that allows a person to take unconscionable advantage of another may constitute criminal fraud. The most common type of fraud is the obtaining of property by giving a check for which there are insufficient funds in the signer's account. Another is the assumption of someone else's or a fictitious identity with the intent to deceive. Also important are mail and wire fraud (fraud committed by use of the postal service or electronic devices, such as telephones or computers). A tort action based on fraud is sometimes referred to as an action of deceit.

--

    Honest services fraud refers to a 28-word sentence of 18 U.S.C. § 1346 (the federal mail and wire fraud statute), added by the United States Congress in 1988, which states: "For the purposes of this chapter, the term scheme or artifice to defraud includes a scheme or artifice to deprive another of the intangible right ...

    Honest services fraud - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Honest_services_fraud

defraud

(dĭ-frôd') pronunciation
tr.v., -fraud·ed, -fraud·ing, -frauds.
To take something from by fraud; swindle: defrauded the immigrants by selling them worthless land deeds.

[Middle English defrauden, from Old French defrauder, from Latin dēfraudāre : dē-, de- + fraudāre, to cheat (from fraus, fraud-, fraud).]
defraudation de'fraud·a'tion ('frô-dā'shən) n.
defrauder de·fraud'er n.scion
('ən) pronunciation
n.
  1. A descendant or heir.
  2. also ci·on ('ən) A detached shoot or twig containing buds from a woody plant, used in grafting.
[Middle English, from Old French cion, possibly of Germanic origin.]



  unconscionable
 (ŭn-kŏn'shə-nə-bəl) pronunciation
adj.
  1. Not restrained by conscience; unscrupulous: unconscionable behavior.
  2. Beyond prudence or reason; excessive: unconscionable spending.

ʌnˈkɒnʃ(ə)nəb(ə)l/
adjective
  1. not right or reasonable.
    "the unconscionable conduct of his son"

    • unreasonably excessive.
      "shareholders have had to wait an unconscionable time for the facts to be established"
unconscionableness un·con'scion·a·ble·ness n.
unconscionably un·con'scion·a·bly adv.

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