2016年3月19日 星期六

pale, setback, go/turn green, pumice, pale imitation

Five days later I was standing on Hymettus, looking down over the great complex of Athens-Piraeus, cities and suburbs, houses split like a million dice over the Attic plain. South stretched the pure blue late-summer sea, pale pumice-colored islands, and beyond them the serene mountains of the Peloponnesus stood away over the horizon in a magnificent arrested flow of land and water.


作者在pumice 前加 pale 是有道理的 因為它們的顏色仍有多種的






BAGHDAD, June 13 -- The Bush administration's Iraq policy suffered two major setbacks Friday when Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki publicly rejected key U.S. terms for an ongoing military presence and anti-American Shiite cleric Moqtada al-Sadr called for a new militia offensive against U.S. forces.
(By Amit R. Paley and Karen DeYoung, The Washington Post)


ADJECTIVE

1Light in colour or shade; containing little colour or pigment:choose pale floral patterns for walls
1.1(Of a person or their complexion) having less colour than usual, typically as a result of shock, fear, or ill health:she looked pale and drawn
1.2[USUALLY ATTRIBUTIVE] (Of a light) not strong or bright:a pale dawn

VERB

[NO OBJECT]
1Become pale in one’s face from shock or fear:I paled at the thought of what she might say
2Seem or become less important:all else pales by comparison

Phrases

pale into insignificance

Diminish in importance, especially in comparison with something else:that catastrophe pales into insignificance when compared with an influenza pandemic

setback Show phonetics
noun [C]
something that happens which delays or prevents a process from advancing:
Sally had been recovering well from her operation, but yesterday she experienced/suffered a setback.
There has been a slight/temporary setback in our plans.
See also set back.

set・back

挫折, つまづき; 妨げ; (病気の)ぶり返し; 退歩, 逆流; 【建】(高層ビルの)壁段後退.

green (POLITICAL) Show phonetics
adjective
relating to the protection of the environment:
green politics/issues
a green campaigner/activist
the Green Party

Green Show phonetics
noun [C]
a member of the Green Party:
He used to be a Liberal, but now he's a Green.

greening Show phonetics
noun [S]
The next ten years, he predicted, would see the greening of America (= Americans starting to take more care of the environment).



go/turn green
to look pale and ill as if you are going to vomit

pum・ice



-->
━━ n., vt. 軽石 (pumice stone); 軽石でみがく.



Another kind of extrusive rock is pumice. Pumice cools off very quickly and also is associated with gaseous eruptions. Therefore, pumice is very lightweight, and has no crystals. Some pumice will float in water.

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