2016年10月24日 星期一

by fits and starts, "paroxysm" or "seizure", grinding their way

13 Shot Dead During a Class on Citizenship
The battle to retake Mosul from Islamic State is proceeding in fits and starts. Some 30,000 Western-backed Iraqi and Kurdish forces are grinding their way toward Iraq’s second-largest city, with several thousand U.S. forces providing air and artillery support, intelligence and surveillance, and training. Too bad a plausible plan for the political aftermath is nowhere in sight.


By ROBERT D. McFADDEN
A gunman invaded an immigration services center in Binghamton, N.Y., on Friday, killing 13 people and himself in a paroxysm of violence, the police said.

Companies often manage strategy in fits and starts, with strategy execution lost along the way.

Hello what is the best tranlation for the expression "grind one's way through .." ?

it is from the novel "Into the wild" 
he' spend his days grinding his way through a log with a sharp stone.



fits and starts, by


Also, in fits and starts. With irregular intervals of action and inaction, spasmodically, as in The campaign is proceeding by fits and starts. This expression began in the late 1500s as by fits, the noun fit meaning a "paroxysm" or "seizure"; starts was added about a century later.


paroxysm
noun [C]
a sudden and powerful expression of strong feeling, especially one that you cannot control:
In a sudden paroxysm of jealousy he threw her clothes out of the window.
paroxysms of laughter


grind

2.2[no object, with adverbial]Move noisily and laboriously.
‘the truck was grinding slowly up the hill’

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