2015年11月7日 星期六

marathon, equestrian, eventing, calisthenics

紐約時報"色 戒"之影評

MOVIE REVIEW | 'LUST, CAUTION'
A Cad and a Femme Fatale Simmer
By MANOHLA DARGIS
“Lust, Caution” is a sleepy, musty period drama about wartime maneuvers and bedroom calisthenics, and the misguided use of a solid director.










Shawn Hamilton
Equestrians’ Deaths Spread Unease in Sport
Darren Chiachia and Better i Do It jumping a brush fence. There is a fierce debate over whether risks involved with the equestrian discipline known as eventing are too great.



MARATHON
n.
n. - 馬拉松賽跑, 耐力的考驗
日本語 (Japanese)
n. - マラソン競走, 耐久競争, マラソンの, マラトン
  1. Sports.
    1. A cross-country footrace of 26 miles, 385 yards (42.195 kilometers).
    2. A long-distance race other than a footrace: a swimming marathon.
    1. A contest of endurance: a dance marathon.
    2. An event or activity that requires prolonged effort or endurance.
[After MARATHON (so called because a messenger ran from there to Athens to announce a victory over the Persians in 490 B.C.).]
Wikipedia article "Marathon".
"馬拉松競賽的起源,溯自公元前490年的馬拉松戰役。馬拉松是希臘雅典的門戶,依山面海。當時為抵禦強敵波斯大軍來侵,希臘一位將軍率領有限的兵官,死守這個門戶,在某日破曉時分,趁敵軍不備,一舉攻堅,大敗波斯軍。
這樣的好消息,亟待傳報首都雅典城。傳令兵費里皮德斯(Phelippides)興奮地從馬拉松不休息地一路跑到雅典城,跑了約40公里。當他汗留浹背地 跑到雅典城大喊:「歡樂吧!雅典人,我們勝利了!」便體力透支倒地而死。為了紀念這位傳送勝利之聲的士兵,遂而有馬拉松比賽,以當時所跑約40公里作為路 程。"

e・ques・tri・an


  
━━ a., n. 騎馬の; 馬術家, 曲馬師, 乗馬者.
 e・ques・tri・enne
 ━━ n. 婦人馬術家; 女曲馬師.

What Is Eventing?

Eventing consists of dressage, cross-country and show jumping. The cross-country portion tests the speed, endurance and jumping ability of the horses and the skills of the rider. There are technical jump combinations that require accurate and steady riding; some of the single fences can be ridden at a faster gallop.

dres・sage



━━ n. 馬場馬術.
総合馬術(そうごうばじゅつ)は、馬術競技の一つ。英語では「イベンティング(Eventing)」と呼ばれている。

[編集] 概要

3日間をかけて行われる。初日に馬場馬術競技(調教審査)、2日目に耐久競技(野外騎乗、クロスカントリー、またはエンデュランス馬術競技)、3日目に障害飛越競技(余力審査)が行われ、合計の点数によって順位が決定される。そのため、総合馬術は「3日競技」とも呼ばれている。




日本語 (Japanese)
美容体操 beauty exercises; 〔米〕calisthenics.
n. - 徒手体操法, 徒手体操


n. pl. - 柔軟體操, 運動
n. - 柔軟體操, 運動



calisthenics (kăl'ĭs-thĕn'ĭks)


n.(used with a pl. verb) Gymnastic exercises designed to develop muscular tone and promote physical well-being:
Sit-ups, trunk twists, and other calisthenics are demonstrated on the videotape.

(used with a sing. verb) The practice or art of such exercises: Calisthenics is recommended to relax the muscles before a run.

[From Greek kalli-, beautiful (from kallos, beauty) + sthenos, strength.]


calisthenic cal'is·then'ic adj.


calisthenics
Systematic, rhythmic exercises, such as sit-ups and push-ups, which utilize the weight of the body as resistance. The exercises are usually performed gracefully. They are designed to tone and strengthen muscle, and to promote general fitness. Structured training routines, similar to circuit training, have been formulated using timed calisthenics. Exercise intensity is controlled by varying the number of repetitions performed in a given time. As fitness improves, you can increase the number of repetitions and circuits. However, once you can perform a certain number of repetitions (approximately 25), additional repetitions will only improve your muscular endurance, not your strength. To develop strength, you can add weights or change your body position to increase the resistance. For example, you can wear a weighted vest or elevate your feet while doing push-ups. Exercises in a calisthenics routine should be chosen carefully so that all the major muscle groups are worked. A typical routine might consist of seven exercises: burpees, curl-ups, push-ups, treadmills, running on the spot, star jumps, and chin-ups. Each exercise lasts a predetermined time depending on fitness level, and is separated from the next exercise by a 10 second rest period. Exercisers usually walk for two minutes between circuits to hasten recovery.
Dictionary. The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition Copyright © 2007, 2000 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Updated in 2007. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. Read more
Food and Fitness. Food and Fitness: A Dictionary of Diet and Exercise. Copyright © 1997, 2003 by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved.


the Wikipedia article "Calisthenics".

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